skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Strong Coupling between Magnons and Microwave Photons in On-Chip Ferromagnet-Superconductor Thin-Film Devices

Abstract

We show superconducting resonator. A coupling strength of 0.152 GHz and a cooperativity of 68 are found for a 30-nm-thick Permalloy stripe. The coupling strength is tunable by rotating the biasing magnetic field or changing the volume of Permalloy. We also observe an enhancement of magnon-photon coupling in the nonlinear regime of the superconducting resonator, which is attributed to the nucleation of dynamic flux vortices. Our results demonstrate a critical step towards future integrated hybrid systems for quantum magnonics and on-chip coherent information transfer.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [5];  [5];  [7];  [8];  [5];  [5];  [9];  [5];  [5];  [1]
  1. Oakland Univ., Rochester, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics; Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Physics Division; Drexel Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States). Dept. of Physics
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division; Nanjing Univ. (China). School of Electronic Science and Engineering
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division; Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics
  5. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division
  6. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division; Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology, Wuhan (China). School of Optical and Electronic Information
  7. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division; Illinois Inst. of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)
  8. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Center for Nanoscale Materials
  9. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Materials Science Division; Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb, IL (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES)
OSTI Identifier:
1562499
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1560290
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 123; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY

Citation Formats

Li, Yi, Polakovic, Tomas, Wang, Yong-Lei, Xu, Jing, Lendinez, Sergi, Zhang, Zhizhi, Ding, Junjia, Khaire, Trupti, Saglam, Hilal, Divan, Ralu, Pearson, John, Kwok, Wai-Kwong, Xiao, Zhili, Novosad, Valentine, Hoffmann, Axel, and Zhang, Wei. Strong Coupling between Magnons and Microwave Photons in On-Chip Ferromagnet-Superconductor Thin-Film Devices. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.107701.
Li, Yi, Polakovic, Tomas, Wang, Yong-Lei, Xu, Jing, Lendinez, Sergi, Zhang, Zhizhi, Ding, Junjia, Khaire, Trupti, Saglam, Hilal, Divan, Ralu, Pearson, John, Kwok, Wai-Kwong, Xiao, Zhili, Novosad, Valentine, Hoffmann, Axel, & Zhang, Wei. Strong Coupling between Magnons and Microwave Photons in On-Chip Ferromagnet-Superconductor Thin-Film Devices. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.107701.
Li, Yi, Polakovic, Tomas, Wang, Yong-Lei, Xu, Jing, Lendinez, Sergi, Zhang, Zhizhi, Ding, Junjia, Khaire, Trupti, Saglam, Hilal, Divan, Ralu, Pearson, John, Kwok, Wai-Kwong, Xiao, Zhili, Novosad, Valentine, Hoffmann, Axel, and Zhang, Wei. Tue . "Strong Coupling between Magnons and Microwave Photons in On-Chip Ferromagnet-Superconductor Thin-Film Devices". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.107701. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1562499.
@article{osti_1562499,
title = {Strong Coupling between Magnons and Microwave Photons in On-Chip Ferromagnet-Superconductor Thin-Film Devices},
author = {Li, Yi and Polakovic, Tomas and Wang, Yong-Lei and Xu, Jing and Lendinez, Sergi and Zhang, Zhizhi and Ding, Junjia and Khaire, Trupti and Saglam, Hilal and Divan, Ralu and Pearson, John and Kwok, Wai-Kwong and Xiao, Zhili and Novosad, Valentine and Hoffmann, Axel and Zhang, Wei},
abstractNote = {We show superconducting resonator. A coupling strength of 0.152 GHz and a cooperativity of 68 are found for a 30-nm-thick Permalloy stripe. The coupling strength is tunable by rotating the biasing magnetic field or changing the volume of Permalloy. We also observe an enhancement of magnon-photon coupling in the nonlinear regime of the superconducting resonator, which is attributed to the nucleation of dynamic flux vortices. Our results demonstrate a critical step towards future integrated hybrid systems for quantum magnonics and on-chip coherent information transfer.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.107701},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 10,
volume = 123,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 13 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

High Cooperativity in Coupled Microwave Resonator Ferrimagnetic Insulator Hybrids
journal, September 2013


Magnon-photon coupling in the noncollinear magnetic insulator Cu 2 OSeO 3
journal, April 2019


Circuit QED with a Nonlinear Resonator: ac-Stark Shift and Dephasing
journal, April 2011


Study of photon–magnon coupling in a YIG-film split-ring resonant system
journal, December 2014

  • Bhoi, B.; Cliff, T.; Maksymov, I. S.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 116, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4904857

Strongly Coupled Magnons and Cavity Microwave Photons
journal, October 2014


Complex temperature dependence of coupling and dissipation of cavity magnon polaritons from millikelvin to room temperature
journal, May 2018


Trapping a Single Vortex and Reducing Quasiparticles in a Superconducting Resonator
journal, September 2014


Direct electronic measurement of the spin Hall effect
journal, July 2006


Spin Hall Effects in Metals
journal, October 2013


Room temperature deposition of superconducting niobium nitride films by ion beam assisted sputtering
journal, July 2018

  • Polakovic, Tomas; Lendinez, Sergi; Pearson, John E.
  • APL Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5031904

Identification of spin wave modes in yttrium iron garnet strongly coupled to a co-axial cavity
journal, February 2015

  • Lambert, N. J.; Haigh, J. A.; Ferguson, A. J.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 117, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4907694

Single-domain shape anisotropy in near-macroscopic Ni 80 Fe 20 thin-film rectangles
journal, May 2013

  • Li, Yi; Lu, Yiran; Bailey, W. E.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 113, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4794876

Coherent coupling between a ferromagnetic magnon and a superconducting qubit
journal, July 2015


Cavity QED Based on Collective Magnetic Dipole Coupling: Spin Ensembles as Hybrid Two-Level Systems
journal, February 2009


Cavity Mediated Manipulation of Distant Spin Currents Using a Cavity-Magnon-Polariton
journal, May 2017


Tunable quasiparticle trapping in Meissner and vortex states of mesoscopic superconductors
journal, March 2016

  • Taupin, M.; Khaymovich, I. M.; Meschke, M.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 7, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms10977

Exchange magnon-polaritons in microwave cavities
journal, March 2015


Quantifying Spin Hall Angles from Spin Pumping: Experiments and Theory
journal, January 2010


Anisotropic Rare-Earth Spin Ensemble Strongly Coupled to a Superconducting Resonator
journal, April 2013


Spin-Torque Ferromagnetic Resonance Induced by the Spin Hall Effect
journal, January 2011


Coherent coupling of a single spin to microwave cavity photons
journal, July 2015


Quantum-coherent coupling of a mechanical oscillator to an optical cavity mode
journal, February 2012


Magnon dark modes and gradient memory
journal, November 2015

  • Zhang, Xufeng; Zou, Chang-Ling; Zhu, Na
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9914

Coherent coupling of a superconducting flux qubit to an electron spin ensemble in diamond
journal, October 2011

  • Zhu, Xiaobo; Saito, Shiro; Kemp, Alexander
  • Nature, Vol. 478, Issue 7368
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature10462

Strong Field Interactions between a Nanomagnet and a Photonic Cavity
journal, February 2010


Strong coupling of magnons in a YIG sphere to photons in a planar superconducting resonator in the quantum limit
journal, September 2017


Bistability of Cavity Magnon Polaritons
journal, January 2018


Level Attraction Due to Dissipative Magnon-Photon Coupling
journal, September 2018


Single-shot qubit readout in circuit quantum electrodynamics
journal, September 2009

  • Mallet, François; Ong, Florian R.; Palacios-Laloy, Agustin
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1400

Abnormal anticrossing effect in photon-magnon coupling
journal, April 2019


Transmission of electrical signals by spin-wave interconversion in a magnetic insulator
journal, March 2010


Hybrid quantum devices and quantum engineering
journal, December 2009


Probing short-range magnetic order in a geometrically frustrated magnet by means of the spin Seebeck effect
journal, August 2018


Strong coupling of a single photon to a superconducting qubit using circuit quantum electrodynamics
journal, September 2004

  • Wallraff, A.; Schuster, D. I.; Blais, A.
  • Nature, Vol. 431, Issue 7005
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02851

Cavity quantum electrodynamics with ferromagnetic magnons in a small yttrium-iron-garnet sphere
journal, November 2015

  • Zhang, Dengke; Wang, Xin-Ming; Li, Tie-Fu
  • npj Quantum Information, Vol. 1, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/npjqi.2015.14

Performance of Cavity-Parametric Amplifiers, Employing Kerr Nonlinearites, in the Presence of Two-Photon Loss
journal, December 2006


Quantum Computing with an Electron Spin Ensemble
journal, August 2009


Nonlinear microwave properties of superconducting Nb microstrip resonators
journal, March 1995

  • Golosovsky, M. A.; Snortland, H. J.; Beasley, M. R.
  • Physical Review B, Vol. 51, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.51.6462

Strong Magnetic Coupling of an Ultracold Gas to a Superconducting Waveguide Cavity
journal, July 2009


Microwave response of vortices in superconducting thin films of Re and Al
journal, May 2009


Resolving quanta of collective spin excitations in a millimeter-sized ferromagnet
journal, July 2017

  • Lachance-Quirion, Dany; Tabuchi, Yutaka; Ishino, Seiichiro
  • Science Advances, Vol. 3, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.1603150

Strong Coupling of a Spin Ensemble to a Superconducting Resonator
journal, September 2010


High-Cooperativity Cavity QED with Magnons at Microwave Frequencies
journal, November 2014


High-Cooperativity Coupling of Electron-Spin Ensembles to Superconducting Cavities
journal, September 2010


Hybridizing Ferromagnetic Magnons and Microwave Photons in the Quantum Limit
journal, August 2014


Reaching the quantum limit of sensitivity in electron spin resonance
journal, December 2015


Superstrong coupling of a microwave cavity to yttrium iron garnet magnons
journal, February 2016

  • Kostylev, Nikita; Goryachev, Maxim; Tobar, Michael E.
  • Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 108, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4941730

Cavity quantum electrodynamics for superconducting electrical circuits: An architecture for quantum computation
journal, June 2004


Spin Hall effects
journal, October 2015

  • Sinova, Jairo; Valenzuela, Sergio O.; Wunderlich, J.
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 87, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.87.1213

Electron Spin Resonance at the Level of 1 0 4 Spins Using Low Impedance Superconducting Resonators
journal, January 2017


Quantum technologies with hybrid systems
journal, March 2015

  • Kurizki, Gershon; Bertet, Patrice; Kubo, Yuimaru
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1419326112

Magnetic hysteresis effects in superconducting coplanar microwave resonators
journal, July 2012


Spin Pumping in Electrodynamically Coupled Magnon-Photon Systems
journal, June 2015


Robust magnon-photon coupling in a planar-geometry hybrid of inverted split-ring resonator and YIG film
journal, September 2017


Spin Hall Magnetoresistance Induced by a Nonequilibrium Proximity Effect
journal, May 2013


Hybrid quantum circuits: Superconducting circuits interacting with other quantum systems
journal, April 2013


Coplanar waveguide resonators for circuit quantum electrodynamics
journal, December 2008

  • Göppl, M.; Fragner, A.; Baur, M.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 104, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3010859