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Title: Magnetar-powered Supernovae in Two Dimensions. II. Broad-line Supernovae Ic

Abstract

We report that Nascent neutron stars (NSs) with millisecond periods and magnetic fields in excess of 10 16 Gauss can drive highly energetic and asymmetric explosions known as magnetar-powered supernovae. These exotic explosions are one theoretical interpretation for supernovae Ic-BL, which are sometimes associated with long gamma-ray bursts. Twisted magnetic field lines extract the rotational energy of the NS and release it as a disk wind or a jet with energies greater than 10 52 erg over ~20 s. What fraction of the energy of the central engine go into the wind and the jet remain unclear. We have performed two-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations of magnetar-powered supernovae (SNe) driven by disk winds and jets with the CASTRO code to investigate the effect of the central engine on nucleosynthetic yields, mixing, and light curves. We find that these explosions synthesize less than 0.05 $${M}_{\odot }$$ of $${}^{56}\mathrm{Ni}$$ and that this mass is not very sensitive to central engine type. The morphology of the explosion can provide a powerful diagnostic of the properties of the central engine. Lastly, in the absence of a circumstellar medium, these events are not very luminous, with peak bolometric magnitudes of $${M}_{b}\sim -16.5$$ due to low $${}^{56}\mathrm{Ni}$$ production.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [6]
  1. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Tokyo (Japan); Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Academia Sinica, Taipei (Taiwan); Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  2. National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Tokyo (Japan)
  3. Univ. of California, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)
  4. Univ. of Portsmouth (United Kingdom)
  5. Kyoto Univ. (Japan)
  6. Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States). National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1544047
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0010676; AC02-05CH11231; FC02-09ER41618
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 839; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; hydrodynamics; instabilities; radiative transfer; stars: jets; stars: massive; supernovae: general

Citation Formats

Chen, Ke-Jung, Moriya, Takashi J., Woosley, Stan, Sukhbold, Tuguldur, Whalen, Daniel J., Suwa, Yudai, and Bromm, Volker. Magnetar-powered Supernovae in Two Dimensions. II. Broad-line Supernovae Ic. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa68a4.
Chen, Ke-Jung, Moriya, Takashi J., Woosley, Stan, Sukhbold, Tuguldur, Whalen, Daniel J., Suwa, Yudai, & Bromm, Volker. Magnetar-powered Supernovae in Two Dimensions. II. Broad-line Supernovae Ic. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa68a4.
Chen, Ke-Jung, Moriya, Takashi J., Woosley, Stan, Sukhbold, Tuguldur, Whalen, Daniel J., Suwa, Yudai, and Bromm, Volker. Tue . "Magnetar-powered Supernovae in Two Dimensions. II. Broad-line Supernovae Ic". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa68a4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1544047.
@article{osti_1544047,
title = {Magnetar-powered Supernovae in Two Dimensions. II. Broad-line Supernovae Ic},
author = {Chen, Ke-Jung and Moriya, Takashi J. and Woosley, Stan and Sukhbold, Tuguldur and Whalen, Daniel J. and Suwa, Yudai and Bromm, Volker},
abstractNote = {We report that Nascent neutron stars (NSs) with millisecond periods and magnetic fields in excess of 1016 Gauss can drive highly energetic and asymmetric explosions known as magnetar-powered supernovae. These exotic explosions are one theoretical interpretation for supernovae Ic-BL, which are sometimes associated with long gamma-ray bursts. Twisted magnetic field lines extract the rotational energy of the NS and release it as a disk wind or a jet with energies greater than 1052 erg over ~20 s. What fraction of the energy of the central engine go into the wind and the jet remain unclear. We have performed two-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations of magnetar-powered supernovae (SNe) driven by disk winds and jets with the CASTRO code to investigate the effect of the central engine on nucleosynthetic yields, mixing, and light curves. We find that these explosions synthesize less than 0.05 ${M}_{\odot }$ of ${}^{56}\mathrm{Ni}$ and that this mass is not very sensitive to central engine type. The morphology of the explosion can provide a powerful diagnostic of the properties of the central engine. Lastly, in the absence of a circumstellar medium, these events are not very luminous, with peak bolometric magnitudes of ${M}_{b}\sim -16.5$ due to low ${}^{56}\mathrm{Ni}$ production.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aa68a4},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 2,
volume = 839,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {4}
}

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