skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

This content will become publicly available on May 12, 2020

Title: Vegetation Functional Properties Determine Uncertainty of Simulated Ecosystem Productivity: A Traceability Analysis in the East Asian Monsoon Region

Abstract

Global and regional projections of climate change by Earth system models are limited by their uncertain estimates of terrestrial ecosystem productivity. At the middle to low latitudes, the East Asian monsoon region has higher productivity than forests in Europe–Africa and North America, but its estimate by current generation of terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs) has seldom been systematically evaluated. Here, we developed a traceability framework to evaluate the simulated gross primary productivity (GPP) by 15 TBMs in the East Asian monsoon region. The framework links GPP to net primary productivity, biomass, leaf area and back to GPP via incorporating multiple vegetation functional properties of carbon–use efficiency (CUE), vegetation C turnover time ( τ veg), leaf C fraction (F leaf), specific leaf area (SLA), and leaf area index (LAI)–level photosynthesis (P LAI), respectively. We then applied a relative importance algorithm to attribute intermodel variation at each node. The results showed that large intermodel variation in GPP over 1901–2010 were mainly propagated from their different representation of vegetation functional properties. For example, SLA explained 77% of the intermodel difference in leaf area, which contributed 90% to the simulated GPP differences. In addition, the models simulated higher CUE (18.1 ± 21.3%), τ veg (18.2more » ± 26.9%), and SLA (27.4±36.5%) than observations, leading to the overestimation of simulated GPP across the East Asian monsoon region. Furthermore, these results suggest the large uncertainty of current TBMs in simulating GPP is largely propagated from their poor representation of the vegetation functional properties and call for a better understanding of the covariations between plant functional properties in terrestrial ecosystems.« less

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]; ORCiD logo [5]; ORCiD logo [6]; ORCiD logo [7]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [9]; ORCiD logo [10]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [11]; ORCiD logo [12]; ORCiD logo [13]; ORCiD logo [8]; ORCiD logo [14];  [15]; ORCiD logo [8];  [16] more »; ORCiD logo [17];  [18]; ORCiD logo [8];  [19]; ORCiD logo [19]; ORCiD logo [20];  [21]; ORCiD logo [1] « less
  1. East China Normal Univ., Shanghai (China); Institute of Eco‐Chongming, Shanghai (China)
  2. McMaster Univ., Hamilton, ON (Canada)
  3. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States)
  4. Northern Arizona Univ. Flagstaff, AZ (United States)
  5. National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba (Japan)
  6. Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff, AZ (United States)
  7. Univ. of Illinois at Urbana‐Champaign, Urbana, IL (United States)
  8. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  9. Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, CA (United States)
  10. Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China); Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Beijing (China)
  11. Univ. of Quebec at Montreal, QC (Canada); Northwest A&F Univ., Yangling (China)
  12. Peking Univ., Beijing (China)
  13. Montana State Univ. Bozeman, MT (United States)
  14. Univ. of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO (United States)
  15. Northern Arizona Univ., Flagstaff, AZ (United States); Woods Hole Research Center, Falmouth, MA (United States)
  16. Auburn Univ., Auburn, AL (United States)
  17. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Moffett Field, CA (United States)
  18. Univ. of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)
  19. East China Normal Univ., Shanghai (China)
  20. Univ. of Maryland, College Park, MD (United States)
  21. Northwest A&F Univ., Yangling (China)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
OSTI Identifier:
1542239
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 33; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0886-6236
Publisher:
American Geophysical Union (AGU)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
58 GEOSCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; environmental drivers; initial conditions; model uncertainty; MsTMIP; relative importance; vegetation functional property

Citation Formats

Cui, Erqian, Huang, Kun, Arain, Muhammad Altaf, Fisher, Joshua B., Huntzinger, Deborah N., Ito, Akihiko, Luo, Yiqi, Jain, Atul K., Mao, Jiafu, Michalak, Anna M., Niu, Shuli, Parazoo, Nicholas C., Peng, Changhui, Peng, Shushi, Poulter, Benjamin, Ricciuto, Daniel M., Schaefer, Kevin M., Schwalm, Christopher R., Shi, Xiaoying, Tian, Hanqin, Wang, Weile, Wang, Jinsong, Wei, Yaxing, Yan, Enrong, Yan, Liming, Zeng, Ning, Zhu, Qiuan, and Xia, Jianyang. Vegetation Functional Properties Determine Uncertainty of Simulated Ecosystem Productivity: A Traceability Analysis in the East Asian Monsoon Region. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1029/2018GB005909.
Cui, Erqian, Huang, Kun, Arain, Muhammad Altaf, Fisher, Joshua B., Huntzinger, Deborah N., Ito, Akihiko, Luo, Yiqi, Jain, Atul K., Mao, Jiafu, Michalak, Anna M., Niu, Shuli, Parazoo, Nicholas C., Peng, Changhui, Peng, Shushi, Poulter, Benjamin, Ricciuto, Daniel M., Schaefer, Kevin M., Schwalm, Christopher R., Shi, Xiaoying, Tian, Hanqin, Wang, Weile, Wang, Jinsong, Wei, Yaxing, Yan, Enrong, Yan, Liming, Zeng, Ning, Zhu, Qiuan, & Xia, Jianyang. Vegetation Functional Properties Determine Uncertainty of Simulated Ecosystem Productivity: A Traceability Analysis in the East Asian Monsoon Region. United States. doi:10.1029/2018GB005909.
Cui, Erqian, Huang, Kun, Arain, Muhammad Altaf, Fisher, Joshua B., Huntzinger, Deborah N., Ito, Akihiko, Luo, Yiqi, Jain, Atul K., Mao, Jiafu, Michalak, Anna M., Niu, Shuli, Parazoo, Nicholas C., Peng, Changhui, Peng, Shushi, Poulter, Benjamin, Ricciuto, Daniel M., Schaefer, Kevin M., Schwalm, Christopher R., Shi, Xiaoying, Tian, Hanqin, Wang, Weile, Wang, Jinsong, Wei, Yaxing, Yan, Enrong, Yan, Liming, Zeng, Ning, Zhu, Qiuan, and Xia, Jianyang. Sun . "Vegetation Functional Properties Determine Uncertainty of Simulated Ecosystem Productivity: A Traceability Analysis in the East Asian Monsoon Region". United States. doi:10.1029/2018GB005909.
@article{osti_1542239,
title = {Vegetation Functional Properties Determine Uncertainty of Simulated Ecosystem Productivity: A Traceability Analysis in the East Asian Monsoon Region},
author = {Cui, Erqian and Huang, Kun and Arain, Muhammad Altaf and Fisher, Joshua B. and Huntzinger, Deborah N. and Ito, Akihiko and Luo, Yiqi and Jain, Atul K. and Mao, Jiafu and Michalak, Anna M. and Niu, Shuli and Parazoo, Nicholas C. and Peng, Changhui and Peng, Shushi and Poulter, Benjamin and Ricciuto, Daniel M. and Schaefer, Kevin M. and Schwalm, Christopher R. and Shi, Xiaoying and Tian, Hanqin and Wang, Weile and Wang, Jinsong and Wei, Yaxing and Yan, Enrong and Yan, Liming and Zeng, Ning and Zhu, Qiuan and Xia, Jianyang},
abstractNote = {Global and regional projections of climate change by Earth system models are limited by their uncertain estimates of terrestrial ecosystem productivity. At the middle to low latitudes, the East Asian monsoon region has higher productivity than forests in Europe–Africa and North America, but its estimate by current generation of terrestrial biosphere models (TBMs) has seldom been systematically evaluated. Here, we developed a traceability framework to evaluate the simulated gross primary productivity (GPP) by 15 TBMs in the East Asian monsoon region. The framework links GPP to net primary productivity, biomass, leaf area and back to GPP via incorporating multiple vegetation functional properties of carbon–use efficiency (CUE), vegetation C turnover time (τveg), leaf C fraction (Fleaf), specific leaf area (SLA), and leaf area index (LAI)–level photosynthesis (PLAI), respectively. We then applied a relative importance algorithm to attribute intermodel variation at each node. The results showed that large intermodel variation in GPP over 1901–2010 were mainly propagated from their different representation of vegetation functional properties. For example, SLA explained 77% of the intermodel difference in leaf area, which contributed 90% to the simulated GPP differences. In addition, the models simulated higher CUE (18.1 ± 21.3%), τveg (18.2 ± 26.9%), and SLA (27.4±36.5%) than observations, leading to the overestimation of simulated GPP across the East Asian monsoon region. Furthermore, these results suggest the large uncertainty of current TBMs in simulating GPP is largely propagated from their poor representation of the vegetation functional properties and call for a better understanding of the covariations between plant functional properties in terrestrial ecosystems.},
doi = {10.1029/2018GB005909},
journal = {Global Biogeochemical Cycles},
number = 6,
volume = 33,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
This content will become publicly available on May 12, 2020
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 1 work
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Coordinated approaches to quantify long-term ecosystem dynamics in response to global change: LONG-TERM GLOBAL CHANGE EXPERIMENTS
journal, January 2011


Evaluation of ecosystem dynamics, plant geography and terrestrial carbon cycling in the LPJ dynamic global vegetation model
journal, February 2003


Using ecosystem experiments to improve vegetation models
journal, May 2015

  • Medlyn, Belinda E.; Zaehle, Sönke; De Kauwe, Martin G.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 5, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2621

Benchmarking the seasonal cycle of CO 2 fluxes simulated by terrestrial ecosystem models : Seasonal cycle of CO2 fluxes
journal, January 2015

  • Peng, Shushi; Ciais, Philippe; Chevallier, Frédéric
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 29, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1002/2014GB004931

A high-resolution data set of surface climate over global land areas
journal, January 2002

  • New, M.; Lister, D.; Hulme, M.
  • Climate Research, Vol. 21
  • DOI: 10.3354/cr021001

Simulating energy and carbon fluxes over winter wheat using coupled land surface and terrestrial ecosystem models
journal, August 2003


Elevated [CO2] and increased N supply reduce leaf disease and related photosynthetic impacts on Solidago rigida
journal, May 2006


Carbon residence time dominates uncertainty in terrestrial vegetation responses to future climate and atmospheric CO 2
journal, December 2013

  • Friend, Andrew D.; Lucht, Wolfgang; Rademacher, Tim T.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1222477110

Net exchanges of CO 2 , CH 4 , and N 2 O between China's terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere and their contributions to global climate warming
journal, January 2011

  • Tian, Hanqin; Xu, Xiaofeng; Lu, Chaoqun
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116, Issue G2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JG001393

Deciphering the components of regional net ecosystem fluxes following a bottom-up approach for the Iberian Peninsula
journal, January 2010


Variations of Leaf Economic Spectrum of Eight Dominant Plant Species in Two Successional Stages Under Contrasting Nutrient Supply
journal, March 2016


Evaluation of the carbon cycle components in the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM)
journal, January 2013

  • Tjiputra, J. F.; Roelandt, C.; Bentsen, M.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 6, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-6-301-2013

Global forest carbon uptake due to nitrogen and phosphorus deposition from 1850 to 2100
journal, June 2017

  • Wang, Rong; Goll, Daniel; Balkanski, Yves
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 23, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13766

Summarizing multiple aspects of model performance in a single diagram
journal, April 2001

  • Taylor, Karl E.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 106, Issue D7
  • DOI: 10.1029/2000JD900719

Terrestrial Gross Carbon Dioxide Uptake: Global Distribution and Covariation with Climate
journal, July 2010


Nutrient availability as the key regulator of global forest carbon balance
journal, April 2014

  • Fernández-Martínez, M.; Vicca, S.; Janssens, I. A.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 4, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2177

A model-data intercomparison of CO 2 exchange across North America: Results from the North American Carbon Program site synthesis
journal, January 2010

  • Schwalm, Christopher R.; Williams, Christopher A.; Schaefer, Kevin
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JG001229

Site-level model–data synthesis of terrestrial carbon fluxes in the CarboEastAsia eddy-covariance observation network: toward future modeling efforts
journal, February 2013

  • Ichii, Kazuhito; Kondo, Masayuki; Lee, Young-Hee
  • Journal of Forest Research, Vol. 18, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10310-012-0367-9

Uncertainty in the response of terrestrial carbon sink to environmental drivers undermines carbon-climate feedback predictions
journal, July 2017


Biogeographical patterns of biomass allocation in leaves, stems and roots in China’s forests
journal, November 2015

  • Zhang, Hao; Wang, Kelin; Xu, Xianli
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep15997

Model-data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO 2 enrichment (FACE) experiments
journal, August 2015

  • Norby, Richard J.; De Kauwe, Martin G.; Domingues, Tomas F.
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 209, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.13593

Biomass production efficiency controlled by management in temperate and boreal ecosystems
journal, October 2015

  • Campioli, M.; Vicca, S.; Luyssaert, S.
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 8, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2553


journal, January 2015


A roadmap for improving the representation of photosynthesis in Earth system models
journal, November 2016

  • Rogers, Alistair; Medlyn, Belinda E.; Dukes, Jeffrey S.
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 213, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.14283

The relationships between leaf economics and hydraulic traits of woody plants depend on water availability
journal, April 2018


Response of microbial decomposition to spin-up explains CMIP5 soil carbon range until 2100
journal, January 2014

  • Exbrayat, J. -F.; Pitman, A. J.; Abramowitz, G.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-7-2683-2014

Plant geography upon the basis of functional traits: an example from eastern North American trees
journal, August 2010

  • Swenson, Nathan G.; Weiser, Michael D.
  • Ecology, Vol. 91, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1890/09-1743.1

Spatiotemporal pattern of gross primary productivity and its covariation with climate in China over the last thirty years
journal, September 2017

  • Yao, Yitong; Wang, Xuhui; Li, Yue
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 24, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13830

Carbon–nitrogen coupling under three schemes of model representation: a traceability analysis
journal, January 2018

  • Du, Zhenggang; Weng, Ensheng; Jiang, Lifen
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 11, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-11-4399-2018

Lowland rainforests in southern Taiwan and Lanyu, at the northern border of Paleotropics and under the influence of monsoon wind
journal, November 2009


Estimators of Relative Importance in Linear Regression Based on Variance Decomposition
journal, May 2007


Density-dependent effects of tree species in a 15 ha seasonal rain forest plot in northern tropical karst in Nonggang, Guangxi, southern China
journal, June 2015

  • Huang, FuZhao; Li, DongXing; Lu, ShuHua
  • Chinese Science Bulletin, Vol. 60, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1360/N972014-00892

Sensitivity of tropical carbon to climate change constrained by carbon dioxide variability
journal, February 2013

  • Cox, Peter M.; Pearson, David; Booth, Ben B.
  • Nature, Vol. 494, Issue 7437
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11882

Analysis of nitrogen controls on carbon and water exchanges in a conifer forest using the CLASS-CTEMN+ model
journal, October 2011


Biomass and its allocation of Chinese forest ecosystems
journal, July 2014

  • Luo, Yunjian; Zhang, Xiaoquan; Wang, Xiaoke
  • Ecology, Vol. 95, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1890/13-2089.1

Modeling and measuring the effects of disturbance history and climate on carbon and water budgets in evergreen needleleaf forests
journal, December 2002


Leaf economics and hydraulic traits are decoupled in five species-rich tropical-subtropical forests
journal, June 2015

  • Li, Le; McCormack, M. Luke; Ma, Chengen
  • Ecology Letters, Vol. 18, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1111/ele.12466

Spatial distribution of carbon balance in forest ecosystems across East Asia
journal, May 2008


Is the northern high-latitude land-based CO 2 sink weakening? : THE HIGH-LATITUDE CO
journal, August 2011

  • Hayes, D. J.; McGuire, A. D.; Kicklighter, D. W.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 25, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010GB003813

Evaluation of climate-related carbon turnover processes in global vegetation models for boreal and temperate forests
journal, April 2017

  • Thurner, Martin; Beer, Christian; Ciais, Philippe
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 23, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13660

Inconsistencies of interannual variability and trends in long-term satellite leaf area index products
journal, July 2017

  • Jiang, Chongya; Ryu, Youngryel; Fang, Hongliang
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 23, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13787

Linking functional traits and demographic rates in a subtropical tree community: the importance of size dependency
journal, February 2014

  • Iida, Yoshiko; Kohyama, Takashi S.; Swenson, Nathan G.
  • Journal of Ecology, Vol. 102, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12221

Greening of the Earth and its drivers
journal, April 2016

  • Zhu, Zaichun; Piao, Shilong; Myneni, Ranga B.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate3004

The decadal state of the terrestrial carbon cycle: Global retrievals of terrestrial carbon allocation, pools, and residence times
journal, January 2016

  • Bloom, A. Anthony; Exbrayat, Jean-François; van der Velde, Ivar R.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 113, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1515160113

Terrestrial ecosystem carbon dynamics and climate feedbacks
journal, January 2008


A model-data comparison of gross primary productivity: Results from the North American Carbon Program site synthesis: A MODEL-DATA COMPARISON OF GPP
journal, July 2012

  • Schaefer, Kevin; Schwalm, Christopher R.; Williams, Chris
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 117, Issue G3
  • DOI: 10.1029/2012JG001960

The imprint of plants on ecosystem functioning: A data-driven approach
journal, December 2015

  • Musavi, Talie; Mahecha, Miguel D.; Migliavacca, Mirco
  • International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, Vol. 43
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.jag.2015.05.009

Substantial inorganic carbon sink in closed drainage basins globally
journal, June 2017

  • Li, Yu; Zhang, Chengqi; Wang, Naiang
  • Nature Geoscience, Vol. 10, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1038/ngeo2972

Remote Sensing Evaluation of CLM4 GPP for the Period 2000–09
journal, August 2012


Linking plant and ecosystem functional biogeography
journal, September 2014

  • Reichstein, M.; Bahn, M.; Mahecha, M. D.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1216065111

Three years of carbon and energy fluxes from Japanese evergreen broad-leaved forest
journal, October 2005


Inter-annual variability of carbon budget components in an AsiaFlux forest site estimated by long-term flux measurements
journal, November 2005


From plant functional types to plant functional traits: A new paradigm in modelling global vegetation dynamics
journal, May 2015

  • Yang, Yanzheng; Zhu, Qiuan; Peng, Changhui
  • Progress in Physical Geography: Earth and Environment, Vol. 39, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1177/0309133315582018

Environmental Controls on Fallow Carbon Dioxide Flux in a Single-Crop Rice Paddy, Japan: FALLOW CO
journal, April 2013

  • Ono, K.; Mano, M.; Han, G. H.
  • Land Degradation & Development, Vol. 26, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2211

Seasonal variation and meteorological control of CO2 flux in a hilly plantation in the mountain areas of North China
journal, April 2011


The Effects of Different Climate Input Datasets on Simulated Carbon Dynamics in the Western Arctic
journal, August 2007

  • Clein, Joy; McGuire, A. David; Euskirchen, Eugenie S.
  • Earth Interactions, Vol. 11, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1175/EI229.1

Uncertainty analysis of eddy flux measurements in typical ecosystems of ChinaFLUX
journal, November 2010


An old-growth subtropical Asian evergreen forest as a large carbon sink
journal, March 2011


Respiration controls the unexpected seasonal pattern of carbon flux in an Asian tropical rain forest
journal, October 2010



journal, January 2016

  • Ming-Shan, Xu; Yan-Tao, Zhao; Xiao-Dong, Yang
  • Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology, Vol. 40, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.17521/cjpe.2015.0246

CO2 exchange in a temperate Japanese cypress forest compared with that in a cool-temperate deciduous broad-leaved forest
journal, March 2005


Temperature and precipitation control of the spatial variation of terrestrial ecosystem carbon exchange in the Asian region
journal, December 2013


Attribution of seasonal leaf area index trends in the northern latitudes with “optimally” integrated ecosystem models
journal, May 2017

  • Zhu, Zaichun; Piao, Shilong; Lian, Xu
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 23, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13723

A dynamic global vegetation model for studies of the coupled atmosphere-biosphere system: DVGM FOR COUPLED CLIMATE STUDIES
journal, February 2005

  • Krinner, G.; Viovy, Nicolas; de Noblet-Ducoudré, Nathalie
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 19, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2003GB002199

Soil Carbon Sequestration Impacts on Global Climate Change and Food Security
journal, June 2004


Seasonal drought stress in the Amazon: Reconciling models and observations: TAPAJOS km 83 NEE ANNUAL CYCLE
journal, March 2008

  • Baker, I. T.; Prihodko, L.; Denning, A. S.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, Vol. 113, Issue G1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007JG000644

Leaf and stem economics spectra drive diversity of functional plant traits in a dynamic global vegetation model
journal, April 2015

  • Sakschewski, Boris; von Bloh, Werner; Boit, Alice
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 21, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12870

The North American Carbon Program Multi-Scale Synthesis and Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project – Part 1: Overview and experimental design
journal, January 2013

  • Huntzinger, D. N.; Schwalm, C.; Michalak, A. M.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 6, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-6-2121-2013

Spatial patterns and climate drivers of carbon fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems of China
journal, December 2012

  • Yu, Gui-Rui; Zhu, Xian-Jin; Fu, Yu-Ling
  • Global Change Biology, Vol. 19, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12079

High carbon dioxide uptake by subtropical forest ecosystems in the East Asian monsoon region
journal, March 2014

  • Yu, Guirui; Chen, Zhi; Piao, Shilong
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1317065111

Moving beyond photosynthesis: from carbon source to sink-driven vegetation modeling
journal, November 2013

  • Fatichi, Simone; Leuzinger, Sebastian; Körner, Christian
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 201, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.12614

Benchmark map of forest carbon stocks in tropical regions across three continents
journal, May 2011

  • Saatchi, S. S.; Harris, N. L.; Brown, S.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 108, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1019576108

Leaf Trait-Environment Relationships in a Subtropical Broadleaved Forest in South-East China
journal, April 2012


Joint control of terrestrial gross primary productivity by plant phenology and physiology
journal, February 2015

  • Xia, Jianyang; Niu, Shuli; Ciais, Philippe
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 112, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1413090112

Spatial dispersion patterns of trees in a tropical rainforest in Xishuangbanna, southwest China
journal, March 2009


Carbon dioxide exchange in a cool-temperate evergreen coniferous forest over complex topography in Japan during two years with contrasting climates
journal, February 2010

  • Saitoh, Taku M.; Tamagawa, Ichiro; Muraoka, Hiroyuki
  • Journal of Plant Research, Vol. 123, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10265-009-0308-7

Temperature and biomass influences on interannual changes in CO2 exchange in an alpine meadow on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau
journal, July 2006


Changes in soil organic carbon storage predicted by Earth system models during the 21st century
journal, January 2014

  • Todd-Brown, K. E. O.; Randerson, J. T.; Hopkins, F.
  • Biogeosciences, Vol. 11, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.5194/bg-11-2341-2014

Modelling methane emissions from natural wetlands by development and application of the TRIPLEX-GHG model
journal, January 2014


The North American Carbon Program Multi-scale Synthesis and Terrestrial Model Intercomparison Project – Part 2: Environmental driver data
journal, January 2014

  • Wei, Y.; Liu, S.; Huntzinger, D. N.
  • Geoscientific Model Development, Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/gmd-7-2875-2014

Spatiotemporal patterns of terrestrial gross primary production: A review: GPP Spatiotemporal Patterns
journal, August 2015

  • Anav, Alessandro; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Beer, Christian
  • Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 53, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015RG000483

Toward “optimal” integration of terrestrial biosphere models
journal, June 2015

  • Schwalm, Christopher R.; Huntzinger, Deborah N.; Fisher, Joshua B.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 42, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1002/2015GL064002

What have we learned from global change manipulative experiments in China? A meta-analysis
journal, July 2015

  • Fu, Zheng; Niu, Shuli; Dukes, Jeffrey S.
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep12344

Nitrogen attenuation of terrestrial carbon cycle response to global environmental factors: NITROGEN ATTENUATION OF CARBON CYCLE
journal, December 2009

  • Jain, Atul; Yang, Xiaojuan; Kheshgi, Haroon
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 23, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009GB003519

Deadwood biomass: an underestimated carbon stock in degraded tropical forests?
journal, April 2015


Temperature drives global patterns in forest biomass distribution in leaves, stems, and roots
journal, September 2014

  • Reich, P. B.; Luo, Y.; Bradford, J. B.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1216053111

Species Loss and Aboveground Carbon Storage in a Tropical Forest
journal, November 2005


Influence of the Asian monsoon on net ecosystem carbon exchange in two major ecosystems in Korea
journal, January 2010


Role of the Tibetan Plateau thermal forcing in the summer climate patterns over subtropical Asia
journal, May 2005


Improving simulated soil temperatures and soil freeze/thaw at high-latitude regions in the Simple Biosphere/Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach model
journal, January 2009

  • Schaefer, Kevin; Zhang, Tingjun; Slater, Andrew G.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 114, Issue F2
  • DOI: 10.1029/2008JF001125

Stand age and species richness dampen interannual variation of ecosystem-level photosynthetic capacity
journal, January 2017

  • Musavi, Talie; Migliavacca, Mirco; Reichstein, Markus
  • Nature Ecology & Evolution, Vol. 1, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/s41559-016-0048

Terrestrial mechanisms of interannual CO 2 variability : INTERANNUAL CO
journal, March 2005

  • Zeng, N.; Mariotti, A.; Wetzel, P.
  • Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 19, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1029/2004GB002273

Evaluation of four long time-series global leaf area index products
journal, November 2017


Carbon dioxide exchange processes over the grassland ecosystems in semiarid areas of China
journal, September 2011


Decadal trends in the seasonal-cycle amplitude of terrestrial CO 2 exchange resulting from the ensemble of terrestrial biosphere models
journal, May 2016

  • Ito, Akihiko; Inatomi, Motoko; Huntzinger, Deborah N.
  • Tellus B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, Vol. 68, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.3402/tellusb.v68.28968

Assessment of model estimates of land-atmosphere CO 2 exchange across Northern Eurasia
journal, January 2015


Large divergence of satellite and Earth system model estimates of global terrestrial CO2 fertilization
journal, December 2015

  • Kolby Smith, W.; Reed, Sasha C.; Cleveland, Cory C.
  • Nature Climate Change, Vol. 6, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1038/nclimate2879

Evaluating the Land and Ocean Components of the Global Carbon Cycle in the CMIP5 Earth System Models
journal, September 2013


Soil and vegetation carbon turnover times from tropical to boreal forests
journal, June 2017


Tree architecture varies with forest succession in evergreen broad-leaved forests in Eastern China
journal, July 2014


Net biome production of the Amazon Basin in the 21st century: NBP OF THE AMAZON BASIN
journal, June 2010


Plant functional traits have globally consistent effects on competition
journal, December 2015

  • Kunstler, Georges; Falster, Daniel; Coomes, David A.
  • Nature, Vol. 529, Issue 7585
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature16476

Beyond Singapore: Hong Kong and Asian biodiversity
journal, June 2005


The impact of alternative trait-scaling hypotheses for the maximum photosynthetic carboxylation rate ( V cmax ) on global gross primary production
journal, June 2017

  • Walker, Anthony P.; Quaife, Tristan; van Bodegom, Peter M.
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 215, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.14623

Biomass allocation to leaves, stems and roots: meta-analyses of interspecific variation and environmental control: Tansley review
journal, November 2011


Global variability in leaf respiration in relation to climate, plant functional types and leaf traits
journal, January 2015

  • Atkin, Owen K.; Bloomfield, Keith J.; Reich, Peter B.
  • New Phytologist, Vol. 206, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1111/nph.13253

CForBio: a network monitoring Chinese forest biodiversity
journal, August 2016


Mapping forests in monsoon Asia with ALOS PALSAR 50-m mosaic images and MODIS imagery in 2010
journal, February 2016

  • Qin, Yuanwei; Xiao, Xiangming; Dong, Jinwei
  • Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/srep20880

Global patterns of land-atmosphere fluxes of carbon dioxide, latent heat, and sensible heat derived from eddy covariance, satellite, and meteorological observations
journal, January 2011

  • Jung, Martin; Reichstein, Markus; Margolis, Hank A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 116
  • DOI: 10.1029/2010JG001566