# The Orson Anderson Era of Mineral Physics at Lamont in the 1960s

## Abstract

From 1964 to the early 1970s, Orson Anderson led a research program at the Lamont Geological Observatory in the newly-emerging field of “mineral physics”. In collaboration with colleagues Edward Schreiber and Naohiro Soga, Orson exploited the techniques of physical acoustics to study the behavior of the sound velocities of minerals at elevated pressures and temperatures. This research program also included semi-empirical studies of the relationships between the bulk modulus and the molar volume of solids, the use of lattice dynamics to calculate the elastic moduli of cubic structures as a function of pressure to predict instabilities, and theoretical investigations of the Lagrangian and Eulerian formulations of finite strain equations of state.

- Authors:

- Publication Date:

- Sponsoring Org.:
- USDOE

- OSTI Identifier:
- 1529716

- Grant/Contract Number:
- De-NA0002907

- Resource Type:
- Published Article

- Journal Name:
- Minerals

- Additional Journal Information:
- Journal Name: Minerals Journal Volume: 9 Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 2075-163X

- Publisher:
- MDPI AG

- Country of Publication:
- Switzerland

- Language:
- English

### Citation Formats

```
Liebermann, Robert. The Orson Anderson Era of Mineral Physics at Lamont in the 1960s. Switzerland: N. p., 2019.
Web. doi:10.3390/min9060342.
```

```
Liebermann, Robert. The Orson Anderson Era of Mineral Physics at Lamont in the 1960s. Switzerland. doi:10.3390/min9060342.
```

```
Liebermann, Robert. Tue .
"The Orson Anderson Era of Mineral Physics at Lamont in the 1960s". Switzerland. doi:10.3390/min9060342.
```

```
@article{osti_1529716,
```

title = {The Orson Anderson Era of Mineral Physics at Lamont in the 1960s},

author = {Liebermann, Robert},

abstractNote = {From 1964 to the early 1970s, Orson Anderson led a research program at the Lamont Geological Observatory in the newly-emerging field of “mineral physics”. In collaboration with colleagues Edward Schreiber and Naohiro Soga, Orson exploited the techniques of physical acoustics to study the behavior of the sound velocities of minerals at elevated pressures and temperatures. This research program also included semi-empirical studies of the relationships between the bulk modulus and the molar volume of solids, the use of lattice dynamics to calculate the elastic moduli of cubic structures as a function of pressure to predict instabilities, and theoretical investigations of the Lagrangian and Eulerian formulations of finite strain equations of state.},

doi = {10.3390/min9060342},

journal = {Minerals},

number = 6,

volume = 9,

place = {Switzerland},

year = {2019},

month = {6}

}

DOI: 10.3390/min9060342

Works referenced in this record:

##
Elastic constants of polycrystalline hematite as a function of pressure to 3 kilobars

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- Liebermann, Robert C.; Schreiber, Edward
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 73, Issue 20

##
A restriction to the law of corresponding states

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##
Elasticity and constitution of the Earth's interior

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##
New measurements on the sound velocity of calcium oxide and its relation to Birch's law

journal, October 1967

- Soga, Naohiro
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##
Brief report: The bulk modulus-volume relationship for oxides

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- Anderson, Don L.; Anderson, Orson L.
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 75, Issue 17

##
From Airlie House in 1977 to Granlibakken in 2012: 35Years of evolution of mineral physics

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##
The role of serendipity in my career in mineral physics: 1963–2013

journal, March 2014

- Liebermann, Robert Cooper
- Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Vol. 228

##
Pressure Derivatives of the Sound Velocities of Polycrystalline Alumina

journal, April 1966

- Schreiber, Edward; Anderson, Orson L.
- Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 49, Issue 4

##
Elastic Moduli of Single‐Crystal Spinel at 25°C and to 2 kbar

journal, May 1967

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- Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 38, Issue 6

##
The bulk modulus-volume relationship for oxide compounds and related geophysical problems

journal, August 1965

- Anderson, Orson L.; Nafe, John E.
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 70, Issue 16

##
Elastic properties of tektites measured by resonant sphere technique

journal, March 1967

- Soga, Naohiro; Anderson, Orson L.
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 72, Issue 6

##
Properties and Composition of Lunar Materials: Earth Analogies

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- Science, Vol. 168, Issue 3939

##
Elastic constants of garnet under pressure and temperature

journal, August 1967

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- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 72, Issue 16

##
Elastic moduli, pressure derivatives, and temperature derivatives of single-crystal olivine and single-crystal forsterite

journal, November 1969

- Kumazawa, Mineo; Anderson, Orson L.
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 74, Issue 25

##
A Seismic Equation of State

journal, July 1967

- Anderson, Don L.
- Geophysical Journal International, Vol. 13, Issue 1-3

##
On the high-temperature equation of state of solids

journal, February 1969

- Thomsen, Leon; Anderson, Orson L.
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 74, Issue 4

##
Some elastic constant data on minerals relevant to geophysics

journal, January 1968

- Anderson, Orson L.; Schreiber, Edward; Liebermann, Robert C.
- Reviews of Geophysics, Vol. 6, Issue 4

##
Magnetoelastic interactions in hematite: Implications for geophysics

journal, April 1971

- Liebermann, Robert C.; Banerjee, Subir K.
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 76, Issue 11

##
High-Temperature Elastic Properties of Polycrystalline MgO and Al2O3

journal, July 1966

- Soga, Naohiro; Anderson+, Orson L.
- Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 49, Issue 7

##
On the fourth-order anharmonic equation of state of solids

journal, September 1970

- Thomsen, Leon
- Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, Vol. 31, Issue 9

##
Elastic constants of the central force model for three cubic stuctures: Pressure derivatives and equations of state

journal, May 1970

- Anderson, Orson L.
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 75, Issue 14

##
Elastic properties of eclogite xenoliths from diatremes of the East Colorado Plateau and their implication to the upper mantle structure

journal, February 1971

- Kumazawa, Mineo; Helmstaedt, Herwart; Masaki, Kazuaki
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 76, Issue 5

##
Pressure and temperature dependence of the elastic properties of polycrystalline trevorite (NiFe2O4)

journal, January 1972

- Liebermann, Robert C.
- Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Vol. 6, Issue 5

##
Temperature and pressure derivatives of isotropic sound velocities of α quartz

journal, January 1968

- Soga, Naohiro
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 73, Issue 2

##
Anomalous Behavior of the Shear‐Sound Velocity under Pressure for Polycrystalline ZnO

journal, June 1967

- Soga, Naohiro; Anderson, Orson L.
- Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 38, Issue 7

##
A proposed law of corresponding states for oxide compounds

journal, October 1966

- Anderson, Orson L.
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 71, Issue 20

##
The pressure derivatives of the sound velocities of polycrystalline magnesia

journal, October 1965

- Anderson, Orson L.; Schreiber, Edward
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 70, Issue 20

##
Anomalies in the Compressional and Shear Properties of Hematite in the Region of the Morin Transition

journal, March 1970

- Liebermann, Robert C.; Banerjee, Subir K.
- Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 41, Issue 3

##
Pressure derivatives of the sound velocities of polycrystalline forsterite, with 6% porosity

journal, January 1967

- Schreiber, Edward; Anderson, Orson L.
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 72, Issue 2

##
Porosity Dependence of Sound Velocity and Poisson's Ratio for Polycrystalline MgO Determined by Resonant Sphere Method

journal, August 1968

- Soga, Naohiro; Schreiber, Edward
- Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 51, Issue 8

##
The velocity of compressional waves in rocks to 10 kilobars: 1.

journal, April 1960

- Birch, Francis
- Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 65, Issue 4

##
Equations for the elastic constants and their pressure derivatives for three cubic lattices and some geophysical applications

journal, January 1970

- Anderson, Orson L.; Liebermann, Robert C.
- Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors, Vol. 3