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Title: Planck intermediate results: LIII. Detection of velocity dispersion from the kinetic Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect

Abstract

Using the Planck full-mission data, we present a detection of the temperature (and therefore velocity) dispersion due to the kinetic Sunyaev-Zeldovich (kSZ) effect from clusters of galaxies. To suppress the primary CMB and instrumental noise we derive a matched filter and then convolve it with the Planck foreground-cleaned `2D-ILC' maps. By using the Meta Catalogue of X-ray detected Clusters of galaxies (MCXC), we determine the normalized rms dispersion of the temperature fluctuations at the positions of clusters, finding that this shows excess variance compared with the noise expectation. We then build an unbiased statistical estimator of the signal, determining that the normalized mean temperature dispersion of 1526 clusters is ((ΔT/T) 2) = (1.64±0.48)×10 -11. However, comparison with analytic calculations and simulations suggest that around 0.7σ of this result is due to cluster lensing rather than the kSZ effect. By correcting this, the temperature dispersion is measured to be ((ΔT/T) 2) = (1.35±0.48)×10 -11, which gives a detection at the 2.8σ level. We further convert uniform-weight temperature dispersion into a measurement of the line-of-sight velocity dispersion, by using estimates of the optical depth of each cluster (which introduces additional uncertainty into the estimate). We find that the velocity dispersion is (vmore » 2)=(123000±71000)(kms -1) 2, which is consistent with findings from other large-scale structure studies, and provides direct evidence of statistical homogeneity on scales of 600 h -1Mpc. Our study shows the promise of using cross-correlations of the kSZ effect with large-scale structure in order to constrain the growth of structure.« less

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
[Planck Collaboration]
OSTI Identifier:
1526537
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC02-05CH11231]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Astronomy and Astrophysics
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 617]; Journal ID: ISSN 0004-6361
Publisher:
EDP Sciences
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; Cosmology: observations; cosmic microwave background; large-scale structure of the Universe; Galaxies: clusters: general; Methods: data analysis

Citation Formats

Aghanim, N., Akrami, Y., Ashdown, M., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Ballardini, M., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Bartolo, N., Basak, S., Battye, R., Benabed, K., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bielewicz, P., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Burigana, C., Calabrese, E., Carron, J., Chiang, H. C., Comis, B., Contreras, D., Crill, B. P., Curto, A., Cuttaia, F., de Bernardis, P., de Rosa, A., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Di Valentino, E., Dickinson, C., Diego, J. M., Doré, O., Ducout, A., Dupac, X., Elsner, F., Enßlin, T. A., Eriksen, H. K., Falgarone, E., Fantaye, Y., Finelli, F., Forastieri, F., Frailis, M., Fraisse, A. A., Franceschi, E., Frolov, A., Galeotta, S., Galli, S., Ganga, K., Gerbino, M., Górski, K. M., Gruppuso, A., Gudmundsson, J. E., Handley, W., Hansen, F. K., Herranz, D., Hivon, E., Huang, Z., Jaffe, A. H., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Kiiveri, K., Kim, J., Kisner, T. S., Krachmalnicoff, N., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lattanzi, M., Lawrence, C. R., Le Jeune, M., Levrier, F., Liguori, M., Lilje, P. B., Lindholm, V., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Ma, Y. -Z., Macías-Pérez, J. F., Maggio, G., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Mangilli, A., Martin, P. G., Martínez-González, E., Matarrese, S., Mauri, N., McEwen, J. D., Melchiorri, A., Mennella, A., Migliaccio, M., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Molinari, D., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Natoli, P., Oxborrow, C. A., Pagano, L., Paoletti, D., Partridge, B., Perdereau, O., Perotto, L., Pettorino, V., Piacentini, F., Plaszczynski, S., Polastri, L., Polenta, G., Rachen, J. P., Racine, B., Reinecke, M., Remazeilles, M., Renzi, A., Rocha, G., Roudier, G., Ruiz-Granados, B., Sandri, M., Savelainen, M., Scott, D., Sirignano, C., Sirri, G., Spencer, L. D., Stanco, L., Sunyaev, R., Tauber, J. A., Tavagnacco, D., Tenti, M., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Trombetti, T., Valiviita, J., Van Tent, F., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Vittorio, N., Wandelt, B. D., Wehus, I. K., Zacchei, A., and Zonca, A. Planck intermediate results: LIII. Detection of velocity dispersion from the kinetic Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201731489.
Aghanim, N., Akrami, Y., Ashdown, M., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Ballardini, M., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Bartolo, N., Basak, S., Battye, R., Benabed, K., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bielewicz, P., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Burigana, C., Calabrese, E., Carron, J., Chiang, H. C., Comis, B., Contreras, D., Crill, B. P., Curto, A., Cuttaia, F., de Bernardis, P., de Rosa, A., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Di Valentino, E., Dickinson, C., Diego, J. M., Doré, O., Ducout, A., Dupac, X., Elsner, F., Enßlin, T. A., Eriksen, H. K., Falgarone, E., Fantaye, Y., Finelli, F., Forastieri, F., Frailis, M., Fraisse, A. A., Franceschi, E., Frolov, A., Galeotta, S., Galli, S., Ganga, K., Gerbino, M., Górski, K. M., Gruppuso, A., Gudmundsson, J. E., Handley, W., Hansen, F. K., Herranz, D., Hivon, E., Huang, Z., Jaffe, A. H., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Kiiveri, K., Kim, J., Kisner, T. S., Krachmalnicoff, N., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lattanzi, M., Lawrence, C. R., Le Jeune, M., Levrier, F., Liguori, M., Lilje, P. B., Lindholm, V., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Ma, Y. -Z., Macías-Pérez, J. F., Maggio, G., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Mangilli, A., Martin, P. G., Martínez-González, E., Matarrese, S., Mauri, N., McEwen, J. D., Melchiorri, A., Mennella, A., Migliaccio, M., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Molinari, D., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Natoli, P., Oxborrow, C. A., Pagano, L., Paoletti, D., Partridge, B., Perdereau, O., Perotto, L., Pettorino, V., Piacentini, F., Plaszczynski, S., Polastri, L., Polenta, G., Rachen, J. P., Racine, B., Reinecke, M., Remazeilles, M., Renzi, A., Rocha, G., Roudier, G., Ruiz-Granados, B., Sandri, M., Savelainen, M., Scott, D., Sirignano, C., Sirri, G., Spencer, L. D., Stanco, L., Sunyaev, R., Tauber, J. A., Tavagnacco, D., Tenti, M., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Trombetti, T., Valiviita, J., Van Tent, F., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Vittorio, N., Wandelt, B. D., Wehus, I. K., Zacchei, A., & Zonca, A. Planck intermediate results: LIII. Detection of velocity dispersion from the kinetic Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect. United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201731489.
Aghanim, N., Akrami, Y., Ashdown, M., Aumont, J., Baccigalupi, C., Ballardini, M., Banday, A. J., Barreiro, R. B., Bartolo, N., Basak, S., Battye, R., Benabed, K., Bernard, J. -P., Bersanelli, M., Bielewicz, P., Bond, J. R., Borrill, J., Bouchet, F. R., Burigana, C., Calabrese, E., Carron, J., Chiang, H. C., Comis, B., Contreras, D., Crill, B. P., Curto, A., Cuttaia, F., de Bernardis, P., de Rosa, A., de Zotti, G., Delabrouille, J., Di Valentino, E., Dickinson, C., Diego, J. M., Doré, O., Ducout, A., Dupac, X., Elsner, F., Enßlin, T. A., Eriksen, H. K., Falgarone, E., Fantaye, Y., Finelli, F., Forastieri, F., Frailis, M., Fraisse, A. A., Franceschi, E., Frolov, A., Galeotta, S., Galli, S., Ganga, K., Gerbino, M., Górski, K. M., Gruppuso, A., Gudmundsson, J. E., Handley, W., Hansen, F. K., Herranz, D., Hivon, E., Huang, Z., Jaffe, A. H., Keihänen, E., Keskitalo, R., Kiiveri, K., Kim, J., Kisner, T. S., Krachmalnicoff, N., Kunz, M., Kurki-Suonio, H., Lamarre, J. -M., Lasenby, A., Lattanzi, M., Lawrence, C. R., Le Jeune, M., Levrier, F., Liguori, M., Lilje, P. B., Lindholm, V., López-Caniego, M., Lubin, P. M., Ma, Y. -Z., Macías-Pérez, J. F., Maggio, G., Maino, D., Mandolesi, N., Mangilli, A., Martin, P. G., Martínez-González, E., Matarrese, S., Mauri, N., McEwen, J. D., Melchiorri, A., Mennella, A., Migliaccio, M., Miville-Deschênes, M. -A., Molinari, D., Moneti, A., Montier, L., Morgante, G., Natoli, P., Oxborrow, C. A., Pagano, L., Paoletti, D., Partridge, B., Perdereau, O., Perotto, L., Pettorino, V., Piacentini, F., Plaszczynski, S., Polastri, L., Polenta, G., Rachen, J. P., Racine, B., Reinecke, M., Remazeilles, M., Renzi, A., Rocha, G., Roudier, G., Ruiz-Granados, B., Sandri, M., Savelainen, M., Scott, D., Sirignano, C., Sirri, G., Spencer, L. D., Stanco, L., Sunyaev, R., Tauber, J. A., Tavagnacco, D., Tenti, M., Toffolatti, L., Tomasi, M., Tristram, M., Trombetti, T., Valiviita, J., Van Tent, F., Vielva, P., Villa, F., Vittorio, N., Wandelt, B. D., Wehus, I. K., Zacchei, A., and Zonca, A. Sat . "Planck intermediate results: LIII. Detection of velocity dispersion from the kinetic Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect". United States. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201731489. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1526537.
@article{osti_1526537,
title = {Planck intermediate results: LIII. Detection of velocity dispersion from the kinetic Sunyaev-Zeldovich effect},
author = {Aghanim, N. and Akrami, Y. and Ashdown, M. and Aumont, J. and Baccigalupi, C. and Ballardini, M. and Banday, A. J. and Barreiro, R. B. and Bartolo, N. and Basak, S. and Battye, R. and Benabed, K. and Bernard, J. -P. and Bersanelli, M. and Bielewicz, P. and Bond, J. R. and Borrill, J. and Bouchet, F. R. and Burigana, C. and Calabrese, E. and Carron, J. and Chiang, H. C. and Comis, B. and Contreras, D. and Crill, B. P. and Curto, A. and Cuttaia, F. and de Bernardis, P. and de Rosa, A. and de Zotti, G. and Delabrouille, J. and Di Valentino, E. and Dickinson, C. and Diego, J. M. and Doré, O. and Ducout, A. and Dupac, X. and Elsner, F. and Enßlin, T. A. and Eriksen, H. K. and Falgarone, E. and Fantaye, Y. and Finelli, F. and Forastieri, F. and Frailis, M. and Fraisse, A. A. and Franceschi, E. and Frolov, A. and Galeotta, S. and Galli, S. and Ganga, K. and Gerbino, M. and Górski, K. M. and Gruppuso, A. and Gudmundsson, J. E. and Handley, W. and Hansen, F. K. and Herranz, D. and Hivon, E. and Huang, Z. and Jaffe, A. H. and Keihänen, E. and Keskitalo, R. and Kiiveri, K. and Kim, J. and Kisner, T. S. and Krachmalnicoff, N. and Kunz, M. and Kurki-Suonio, H. and Lamarre, J. -M. and Lasenby, A. and Lattanzi, M. and Lawrence, C. R. and Le Jeune, M. and Levrier, F. and Liguori, M. and Lilje, P. B. and Lindholm, V. and López-Caniego, M. and Lubin, P. M. and Ma, Y. -Z. and Macías-Pérez, J. F. and Maggio, G. and Maino, D. and Mandolesi, N. and Mangilli, A. and Martin, P. G. and Martínez-González, E. and Matarrese, S. and Mauri, N. and McEwen, J. D. and Melchiorri, A. and Mennella, A. and Migliaccio, M. and Miville-Deschênes, M. -A. and Molinari, D. and Moneti, A. and Montier, L. and Morgante, G. and Natoli, P. and Oxborrow, C. A. and Pagano, L. and Paoletti, D. and Partridge, B. and Perdereau, O. and Perotto, L. and Pettorino, V. and Piacentini, F. and Plaszczynski, S. and Polastri, L. and Polenta, G. and Rachen, J. P. and Racine, B. and Reinecke, M. and Remazeilles, M. and Renzi, A. and Rocha, G. and Roudier, G. and Ruiz-Granados, B. and Sandri, M. and Savelainen, M. and Scott, D. and Sirignano, C. and Sirri, G. and Spencer, L. D. and Stanco, L. and Sunyaev, R. and Tauber, J. A. and Tavagnacco, D. and Tenti, M. and Toffolatti, L. and Tomasi, M. and Tristram, M. and Trombetti, T. and Valiviita, J. and Van Tent, F. and Vielva, P. and Villa, F. and Vittorio, N. and Wandelt, B. D. and Wehus, I. K. and Zacchei, A. and Zonca, A.},
abstractNote = {Using the Planck full-mission data, we present a detection of the temperature (and therefore velocity) dispersion due to the kinetic Sunyaev-Zeldovich (kSZ) effect from clusters of galaxies. To suppress the primary CMB and instrumental noise we derive a matched filter and then convolve it with the Planck foreground-cleaned `2D-ILC' maps. By using the Meta Catalogue of X-ray detected Clusters of galaxies (MCXC), we determine the normalized rms dispersion of the temperature fluctuations at the positions of clusters, finding that this shows excess variance compared with the noise expectation. We then build an unbiased statistical estimator of the signal, determining that the normalized mean temperature dispersion of 1526 clusters is ((ΔT/T)2) = (1.64±0.48)×10-11. However, comparison with analytic calculations and simulations suggest that around 0.7σ of this result is due to cluster lensing rather than the kSZ effect. By correcting this, the temperature dispersion is measured to be ((ΔT/T)2) = (1.35±0.48)×10-11, which gives a detection at the 2.8σ level. We further convert uniform-weight temperature dispersion into a measurement of the line-of-sight velocity dispersion, by using estimates of the optical depth of each cluster (which introduces additional uncertainty into the estimate). We find that the velocity dispersion is (v2)=(123000±71000)(kms-1)2, which is consistent with findings from other large-scale structure studies, and provides direct evidence of statistical homogeneity on scales of 600 h-1Mpc. Our study shows the promise of using cross-correlations of the kSZ effect with large-scale structure in order to constrain the growth of structure.},
doi = {10.1051/0004-6361/201731489},
journal = {Astronomy and Astrophysics},
number = ,
volume = [617],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

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