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Title: Numerical investigation of thermal runaway mitigation through a passive thermal management system

Abstract

Prevention of thermal runaway and its propagation remains a technical barrier to the application of lithium-ion batteries. To mitigate thermal runaway in lithium-ion battery packs, heat sinks have been designed using various materials, such as phase-change materials or metal plates. In this study, aluminum plates were assembled into battery modules as heat sinks and the effect of plate thickness on thermal runaway mitigation was numerically investigated. A three-dimensional integrated multiphysics model was validated and calibrated with experimental data. It identified the mechanism and sequence of thermal runaway propagation in detail. Thermal mass and contact resistance are found to be the key design parameters for preventing thermal runaway propagation for the studied battery module configuration. In addition, this study provides further insights into the design of aluminum heat sinks for lithium-ion battery packs.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [2]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1512670
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1532569
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5400-72142
Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Power Sources
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 429; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7753
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE; lithium-ion battery; battery safety modeling; thermal runaway propagation; battery thermal management system; thermal contact resistance

Citation Formats

Li, Qibo, Yang, Chuanbo, Santhanagopalan, Shriram, Smith, Kandler A, Lamb, Joshua, Steele, Leigh Anna, and Torres-Castro, Loraine. Numerical investigation of thermal runaway mitigation through a passive thermal management system. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.04.091.
Li, Qibo, Yang, Chuanbo, Santhanagopalan, Shriram, Smith, Kandler A, Lamb, Joshua, Steele, Leigh Anna, & Torres-Castro, Loraine. Numerical investigation of thermal runaway mitigation through a passive thermal management system. United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.04.091
Li, Qibo, Yang, Chuanbo, Santhanagopalan, Shriram, Smith, Kandler A, Lamb, Joshua, Steele, Leigh Anna, and Torres-Castro, Loraine. Tue . "Numerical investigation of thermal runaway mitigation through a passive thermal management system". United States. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.04.091. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1512670.
@article{osti_1512670,
title = {Numerical investigation of thermal runaway mitigation through a passive thermal management system},
author = {Li, Qibo and Yang, Chuanbo and Santhanagopalan, Shriram and Smith, Kandler A and Lamb, Joshua and Steele, Leigh Anna and Torres-Castro, Loraine},
abstractNote = {Prevention of thermal runaway and its propagation remains a technical barrier to the application of lithium-ion batteries. To mitigate thermal runaway in lithium-ion battery packs, heat sinks have been designed using various materials, such as phase-change materials or metal plates. In this study, aluminum plates were assembled into battery modules as heat sinks and the effect of plate thickness on thermal runaway mitigation was numerically investigated. A three-dimensional integrated multiphysics model was validated and calibrated with experimental data. It identified the mechanism and sequence of thermal runaway propagation in detail. Thermal mass and contact resistance are found to be the key design parameters for preventing thermal runaway propagation for the studied battery module configuration. In addition, this study provides further insights into the design of aluminum heat sinks for lithium-ion battery packs.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jpowsour.2019.04.091},
journal = {Journal of Power Sources},
number = C,
volume = 429,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {5}
}

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Works referencing / citing this record:

Characterization of Thermally Induced Runaway in Pouch Cells for Propagation
journal, March 2020