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Title: Charged-particle multiplicity measurement in proton–proton collisions at $$\sqrt{s}=0.9$$ and 2.36 TeV with ALICE at LHC

Abstract

Charged-particle production was studied in proton-proton collisions collected at the LHC with the ALICE detector at centre-of-mass energies 0.9 TeV and 2.36 TeV in the pseudorapidity range |η|<1.4. In the central region (|η|<0.5), at 0.9 TeV, we measure charged-particle pseudorapidity density dNch/dη= 3.02 ± 0.01 (stat.)$$ +0.08\atop{-0.05} $$(syst.) for inelastic interactions, and d N ch/dη = 3.58 ± 0.01 (stat.)$$ +0.12\atop{-0.12} $$(syst.) for non-single-diffractive interactions. At 2.36 TeV, we find d N ch/dη = 3.77 ± 0.01 (stat.)$$ +0.25\atop{-0.12} $$(syst.) for inelastic, and d N ch/dη = 4.43 ± 0.01(stat.)$$ +0.17\atop{-0.12} $$(syst.) for non-single-diffractive collisions. The relative increase in charged-particle multiplicity from the lower to higher energy is 24.7% ± 0.5%(stat.)$$ +5.7\atop{-2.8} $$%(syst.) for inelastic and 23.7% ± 0.5%(stat.)$$ +4.6\atop{-1.1} $$% 1.1%(syst.) for non-single-diffractive interactions. This increase is consistent with that reported by the CMS collaboration for non-single-diffractive events and larger than that found by a number of commonly used models. The multiplicity distribution was measured in different pseudorapidity intervals and studied in terms of KNO variables at both energies. The results are compared to proton-antiproton data and to model predictions.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
The ALICE Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1511321
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 68; Journal Issue: 1-2; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6044
Publisher:
Springer
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Aamodt, K., Abel, N., Abeysekara, U., Abrahantes Quintana, A., Abramyan, A., Adamová, D., Aggarwal, M. M., Aglieri Rinella, G., Agocs, A. G., Aguilar Salazar, S., Ahammed, Z., Ahmad, A., Ahmad, N., Ahn, S. U., Akimoto, R., Akindinov, A., Aleksandrov, D., Alessandro, B., Alfaro Molina, R., Alici, A., Almaráz Aviña, E., Alme, J., Alt, T., Altini, V., Altinpinar, S., Andrei, C., Andronic, A., Anelli, G., Angelov, V., Anson, C., Antičić, T., Antinori, F., Antinori, S., Antipin, K., Antończyk, D., Antonioli, P., Anzo, A., Aphecetche, L., Appelshäuser, H., Arcelli, S., Arceo, R., Arend, A., Armesto, N., Arnaldi, R., Aronsson, T., Arsene, I. C., Asryan, A., Augustinus, A., Averbeck, R., Awes, T. C., Äystö, J., Azmi, M. D., Bablok, S., Bach, M., Badalà, A., Baek, Y. W., Bagnasco, S., Bailhache, R., Bala, R., Baldisseri, A., Baldit, A., Bán, J., Barbera, R., Barnaföldi, G. G., Barnby, L., Barret, V., Bartke, J., Barile, F., Basile, M., Basmanov, V., Bastid, N., Bathen, B., Batigne, G., Batyunya, B., Baumann, C., Bearden, I. G., Becker, B., Belikov, I., Bellwied, R., Belmont-Moreno, E., Belogianni, A., Benhabib, L., Beole, S., Berceanu, I., Bercuci, A., Berdermann, E., Berdnikov, Y., Betev, L., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bianchi, L., Bianchi, N., Bianchin, C., Bielčík, J., Bielčíková, J., Bilandzic, A., Bimbot, L., Biolcati, E., Blanc, A., Blanco, F., Blanco, F., Blau, D., Blume, C., Boccioli, M., Bock, N., Bogdanov, A., Bøggild, H., Bogolyubsky, M., Bohm, J., Boldizsár, L., Bombara, M., Bombonati, C., Bondila, M., Borel, H., Borshchov, V., Borisov, A., Bortolin, C., Bose, S., Bosisio, L., Bossú, F., Botje, M., Böttger, S., Bourdaud, G., Boyer, B., Braun, M., Braun-Munzinger, P., Bravina, L., Bregant, M., Breitner, T., Bruckner, G., Brun, R., Bruna, E., Bruno, G. E., Budnikov, D., Buesching, H., Buncic, P., Busch, O., Buthelezi, Z., Caffarri, D., Cai, X., Caines, H., Camacho, E., Camerini, P., Campbell, M., Canoa Roman, V., Capitani, G. P., Cara Romeo, G., Carena, F., Carena, W., Carminati, F., Casanova Díaz, A., Caselle, M., Castillo Castellanos, J., Castillo Hernandez, J. F., Catanescu, V., Cattaruzza, E., Cavicchioli, C., Cerello, P., Chambert, V., Chang, B., Chapeland, S., Charpy, A., Charvet, J. L., Chattopadhyay, S., Chattopadhyay, S., Cherney, M., Cheshkov, C., Cheynis, B., Chiavassa, E., Chibante Barroso, V., Chinellato, D. D., Chochula, P., Choi, K., Chojnacki, M., Christakoglou, P., Christensen, C. H., Christiansen, P., Chujo, T., Chuman, F., Cicalo, C., Cifarelli, L., Cindolo, F., Cleymans, J., Cobanoglu, O., Coffin, J. -P., Coli, S., Colla, A., Conesa Balbastre, G., Conesa del Valle, Z., Conner, E. S., Constantin, P., Contin, G., Contreras, J. G., Corrales Morales, Y., Cormier, T. M., Cortese, P., Cortés Maldonado, I., Cosentino, M. R., Costa, F., Cotallo, M. E., Crescio, E., Crochet, P., Cuautle, E., Cunqueiro, L., Cussonneau, J., Dainese, A., Dalsgaard, H. H., Danu, A., Das, I., Das, S., Dash, A., Dash, S., de Barros, G. O. V., De Caro, A., de Cataldo, G., de Cuveland, J., De Falco, A., De Gaspari, M., de Groot, J., De Gruttola, D., De Marco, N., De Pasquale, S., De Remigis, R., de Rooij, R., de Vaux, G., Delagrange, H., Dellacasa, G., Deloff, A., Demanov, V., Dénes, E., Deppman, A., D’Erasmo, G., Derkach, D., Devaux, A., Di Bari, D., Di Giglio, C., Di Liberto, S., Di Mauro, A., Di Nezza, P., Dialinas, M., Díaz, L., Díaz, R., Dietel, T., Divià, R., Djuvsland, Ø., Dobretsov, V., Dobrin, A., Dobrowolski, T., Dönigus, B., Domínguez, I., Don, D. M. M., Dordic, O., Dubey, A. K., Dubuisson, J., Ducroux, L., Dupieux, P., Dutta Majumdar, A. K., Dutta Majumdar, M. R., Elia, D., Emschermann, D., Enokizono, A., Espagnon, B., Estienne, M., Esumi, S., Evans, D., Evrard, S., Eyyubova, G., Fabjan, C. W., Fabris, D., Faivre, J., Falchieri, D., Fantoni, A., Fasel, M., Fateev, O., Fearick, R., Fedunov, A., Fehlker, D., Fekete, V., Felea, D., Fenton-Olsen, B., Feofilov, G., Fernández Téllez, A., Ferreiro, E. G., Ferretti, A., Ferretti, R., Figueredo, M. A. S., Filchagin, S., Fini, R., Fionda, F. M., Fiore, E. M., Floris, M., Fodor, Z., Foertsch, S., Foka, P., Fokin, S., Formenti, F., Fragiacomo, E., Fragkiadakis, M., Frankenfeld, U., Frolov, A., Fuchs, U., Furano, F., Furget, C., Fusco Girard, M., Gaardhøje, J. J., Gadrat, S., Gagliardi, M., Gago, A., Gallio, M., Ganoti, P., Ganti, M. S., Garabatos, C., García Trapaga, C., Gebelein, J., Gemme, R., Germain, M., Gheata, A., Gheata, M., Ghidini, B., Ghosh, P., Giraudo, G., Giubellino, P., Gladysz-Dziadus, E., Glasow, R., Glässel, P., Glenn, A., Gómez Jiménez, R., González Santos, H., González-Trueba, L. H., González-Zamora, P., Gorbunov, S., Gorbunov, Y., Gotovac, S., Gottschlag, H., Grabski, V., Grajcarek, R., Grelli, A., Grigoras, A., Grigoras, C., Grigoriev, V., Grigoryan, A., Grigoryan, S., Grinyov, B., Grion, N., Gros, P., Grosse-Oetringhaus, J. F., Grossiord, J. -Y., Grosso, R., Guber, F., Guernane, R., Guerzoni, B., Gulbrandsen, K., Gulkanyan, H., Gunji, T., Gupta, A., Gupta, R., Gustafsson, H. -A., Gutbrod, H., Haaland, Ø., Hadjidakis, C., Haiduc, M., Hamagaki, H., Hamar, G., Hamblen, J., Han, B. H., Harris, J. W., Hartig, M., Harutyunyan, A., Hasch, D., Hasegan, D., Hatzifotiadou, D., Hayrapetyan, A., Heide, M., Heinz, M., Helstrup, H., Herghelegiu, A., Hernández, C., Herrera Corral, G., Herrmann, N., Hetland, K. F., Hicks, B., Hiei, A., Hille, P. T., Hippolyte, B., Horaguchi, T., Hori, Y., Hristov, P., Hřivnáčová, I., Hu, S., Huang, M., Huber, S., Humanic, T. J., Hutter, D., Hwang, D. S., Ichou, R., Ilkaev, R., Ilkiv, I., Inaba, M., Innocenti, P. G., Ippolitov, M., Irfan, M., Ivan, C., Ivanov, A., Ivanov, M., Ivanov, V., Iwasaki, T., Jachołkowski, A., Jacobs, P., Jančurová, L., Jangal, S., Janik, R., Jena, C., Jena, S., Jirden, L., Jones, G. T., Jones, P. G., Jovanović, P., Jung, H., Jung, W., Jusko, A., Kaidalov, A. B., Kalcher, S., Kaliňák, P., Kalisky, M., Kalliokoski, T., Kalweit, A., Kamal, A., Kamermans, R., Kanaki, K., Kang, E., Kang, J. H., Kapitan, J., Kaplin, V., Kapusta, S., Karavichev, O., Karavicheva, T., Karpechev, E., Kazantsev, A., Kebschull, U., Keidel, R., Khan, M. M., Khan, S. A., Khanzadeev, A., Kharlov, Y., Kikola, D., Kileng, B., Kim, D. J., Kim, D. S., Kim, D. W., Kim, H. N., Kim, J., Kim, J. H., Kim, J. S., Kim, M., Kim, M., Kim, S. H., Kim, S., Kim, Y., Kirsch, S., Kisel, I., Kiselev, S., Kisiel, A., Klay, J. L., Klein, J., Klein-Bösing, C., Kliemant, M., Klovning, A., Kluge, A., Kniege, S., Koch, K., Kolevatov, R., Kolojvari, A., Kondratiev, V., Kondratyeva, N., Konevskih, A., Kornaś, E., Kour, R., Kowalski, M., Kox, S., Kozlov, K., Kral, J., Králik, I., Kramer, F., Kraus, I., Kravčáková, A., Krawutschke, T., Krivda, M., Krumbhorn, D., Krus, M., Kryshen, E., Krzewicki, M., Kucheriaev, Y., Kuhn, C., Kuijer, P. G., Kumar, L., Kumar, N., Kupczak, R., Kurashvili, P., Kurepin, A., Kurepin, A. N., Kuryakin, A., Kushpil, S., Kushpil, V., Kutouski, M., Kvaerno, H., Kweon, M. J., Kwon, Y., La Rocca, P., Lackner, F., Ladrón de Guevara, P., Lafage, V., Lal, C., Lara, C., Larsen, D. T., Laurenti, G., Lazzeroni, C., Le Bornec, Y., Le Bris, N., Lee, H., Lee, K. S., Lee, S. C., Lefèvre, F., Lenhardt, M., Leistam, L., Lehnert, J., Lenti, V., León, H., León Monzón, I., León Vargas, H., Lévai, P., Li, X., Li, Y., Lietava, R., Lindal, S., Lindenstruth, V., Lippmann, C., Lisa, M. A., Listratenko, O., Liu, L., Loginov, V., Lohn, S., Lopez, X., López Noriega, M., López-Ramírez, R., López Torres, E., Løvhøiden, G., Lozea Feijo Soares, A., Lu, S., Lunardon, M., Luparello, G., Luquin, L., Lutz, J. -R., Ma, K., Ma, R., Madagodahettige-Don, D. M., Maevskaya, A., Mager, M., Mahapatra, D. P., Maire, A., Makhlyueva, I., Mal’Kevich, D., Malaev, M., Malagalage, K. J., Maldonado Cervantes, I., Malek, M., Malkiewicz, T., Malzacher, P., Mamonov, A., Manceau, L., Mangotra, L., Manko, V., Manso, F., Manzari, V., Mao, Y., Mareš, J., Margagliotti, G. V., Margotti, A., Marín, A., Martashvili, I., Martinengo, P., Martínez Hernández, M. I., Martínez Davalos, A., Martínez García, G., Maruyama, Y., Marzari Chiesa, A., Masciocchi, S., Masera, M., Masetti, M., Masoni, A., Massacrier, L., Mastromarco, M., Mastroserio, A., Matthews, Z. L., Matyja, A., Mayani, D., Mazza, G., Mazzoni, M. A., Meddi, F., Menchaca-Rocha, A., Mendez Lorenzo, P., Meoni, M., Mercado Pérez, J., Mereu, P., Miake, Y., Michalon, A., Miftakhov, N., Milosevic, J., Minafra, F., Mischke, A., Miśkowiec, D., Mitu, C., Mizoguchi, K., Mlynarz, J., Mohanty, B., Molnar, L., Mondal, M. M., Montaño Zetina, L., Monteno, M., Montes, E., Morando, M., Moretto, S., Morsch, A., Moukhanova, T., Muccifora, V., Mudnic, E., Muhuri, S., Müller, H., Munhoz, M. G., Munoz, J., Musa, L., Musso, A., Nandi, B. K., Nania, R., Nappi, E., Navach, F., Navin, S., Nayak, T. K., Nazarenko, S., Nazarov, G., Nedosekin, A., Nendaz, F., Newby, J., Nianine, A., Nicassio, M., Nielsen, B. S., Nikolaev, S., Nikolic, V., Nikulin, S., Nikulin, V., Nilsen, B. S., Nilsson, M. S., Noferini, F., Nomokonov, P., Nooren, G., Novitzky, N., Nyatha, A., Nygaard, C., Nyiri, A., Nystrand, J., Ochirov, A., Odyniec, G., Oeschler, H., Oinonen, M., Okada, K., Okada, Y., Oldenburg, M., Oleniacz, J., Oppedisano, C., Orsini, F., Ortiz Velasquez, A., Ortona, G., Oskarsson, A., Osmic, F., Österman, L., Ostrowski, P., Otterlund, I., Otwinowski, J., Øvrebekk, G., Oyama, K., Ozawa, K., Pachmayer, Y., Pachr, M., Padilla, F., Pagano, P., Paić, G., Painke, F., Pajares, C., Pal, S., Pal, S. K., Palaha, A., Palmeri, A., Panse, R., Papikyan, V., Pappalardo, G. S., Park, W. J., Pastirčák, B., Pastore, C., Paticchio, V., Pavlinov, A., Pawlak, T., Peitzmann, T., Pepato, A., Pereira, H., Peressounko, D., Pérez, C., Perini, D., Perrino, D., Peryt, W., Peschek, J., Pesci, A., Peskov, V., Pestov, Y., Peters, A. J., Petráček, V., Petridis, A., Petris, M., Petrov, P., Petrovici, M., Petta, C., Peyré, J., Piano, S., Piccotti, A., Pikna, M., Pillot, P., Pinazza, O., Pinsky, L., Pitz, N., Piuz, F., Platt, R., Płoskoń, M., Pluta, J., Pocheptsov, T., Pochybova, S., Podesta Lerma, P. L. M., Poggio, F., Poghosyan, M. G., Polák, K., Polichtchouk, B., Polozov, P., Polyakov, V., Pommeresch, B., Pop, A., Posa, F., Pospíšil, V., Potukuchi, B., Pouthas, J., Prasad, S. K., Preghenella, R., Prino, F., Pruneau, C. A., Pshenichnov, I., Puddu, G., Pujahari, P., Pulvirenti, A., Punin, A., Punin, V., Putiš, M., Putschke, J., Quercigh, E., Rachevski, A., Rademakers, A., Radomski, S., Räihä, T. S., Rak, J., Rakotozafindrabe, A., Ramello, L., Ramírez Reyes, A., Rammler, M., Raniwala, R., Raniwala, S., Räsänen, S. S., Rashevskaya, I., Rath, S., Read, K. F., Real, J. S., Redlich, K., Renfordt, R., Reolon, A. R., Reshetin, A., Rettig, F., Revol, J. -P., Reygers, K., Ricaud, H., Riccati, L., Ricci, R. A., Richter, M., Riedler, P., Riegler, W., Riggi, F., Rivetti, A., Rodriguez Cahuantzi, M., Røed, K., Röhrich, D., Román López, S., Romita, R., Ronchetti, F., Rosinský, P., Rosnet, P., Rossegger, S., Rossi, A., Roukoutakis, F., Rousseau, S., Roy, C., Roy, P., Rubio-Montero, A. J., Rui, R., Rusanov, I., Russo, G., Ryabinkin, E., Rybicki, A., Sadovsky, S., Šafařík, K., Sahoo, R., Saini, J., Saiz, P., Sakata, D., Salgado, C. A., Salgueiro Domingues da Silva, R., Salur, S., Samanta, T., Sambyal, S., Samsonov, V., Šándor, L., Sandoval, A., Sano, M., Sano, S., Santo, R., Santoro, R., Sarkamo, J., Saturnini, P., Scapparone, E., Scarlassara, F., Scharenberg, R. P., Schiaua, C., Schicker, R., Schindler, H., Schmidt, C., Schmidt, H. R., Schossmaier, K., Schreiner, S., Schuchmann, S., Schukraft, J., Schutz, Y., Schwarz, K., Schweda, K., Scioli, G., Scomparin, E., Segato, G., Semenov, D., Senyukov, S., Seo, J., Serci, S., Serkin, L., Serradilla, E., Sevcenco, A., Sgura, I., Shabratova, G., Shahoyan, R., Sharkov, G., Sharma, N., Sharma, S., Shigaki, K., Shimomura, M., Shtejer, K., Sibiriak, Y., Siciliano, M., Sicking, E., Siddi, E., Siemiarczuk, T., Silenzi, A., Silvermyr, D., Simili, E., Simonetti, G., Singaraju, R., Singh, R., Singhal, V., Sinha, B. C., Sinha, T., Sitar, B., Sitta, M., Skaali, T. B., Skjerdal, K., Smakal, R., Smirnov, N., Snellings, R., Snow, H., Søgaard, C., Soloviev, A., Soltveit, H. K., Soltz, R., Sommer, W., Son, C. W., Son, H., Song, M., Soos, C., Soramel, F., Soyk, D., Spyropoulou-Stassinaki, M., Srivastava, B. K., Stachel, J., Staley, F., Stan, E., Stefanek, G., Stefanini, G., Steinbeck, T., Stenlund, E., Steyn, G., Stocco, D., Stock, R., Stolpovsky, P., Strmen, P., Suaide, A. A. 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S., Willis, N., Windelband, B., Xu, C., Yang, C., Yang, H., Yasnopolskiy, S., Yermia, F., Yi, J., Yin, Z., Yokoyama, H., Yoo, I. -K., Yuan, X., Yurevich, V., Yushmanov, I., Zabrodin, E., Zagreev, B., Zalite, A., Zampolli, C., Zanevsky, Yu., Zaporozhets, S., Zarochentsev, A., Závada, P., Zbroszczyk, H., Zelnicek, P., Zenin, A., Zepeda, A., Zgura, I., Zhalov, M., Zhang, X., Zhou, D., Zhou, S., Zhu, J., Zichichi, A., Zinchenko, A., Zinovjev, G., Zoccarato, Y., Zycháček, V., & Zynovyev, M.. Charged-particle multiplicity measurement in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ and 2.36 TeV with ALICE at LHC. United States. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-010-1339-x.
Aamodt, K., Abel, N., Abeysekara, U., Abrahantes Quintana, A., Abramyan, A., Adamová, D., Aggarwal, M. M., Aglieri Rinella, G., Agocs, A. G., Aguilar Salazar, S., Ahammed, Z., Ahmad, A., Ahmad, N., Ahn, S. U., Akimoto, R., Akindinov, A., Aleksandrov, D., Alessandro, B., Alfaro Molina, R., Alici, A., Almaráz Aviña, E., Alme, J., Alt, T., Altini, V., Altinpinar, S., Andrei, C., Andronic, A., Anelli, G., Angelov, V., Anson, C., Antičić, T., Antinori, F., Antinori, S., Antipin, K., Antończyk, D., Antonioli, P., Anzo, A., Aphecetche, L., Appelshäuser, H., Arcelli, S., Arceo, R., Arend, A., Armesto, N., Arnaldi, R., Aronsson, T., Arsene, I. C., Asryan, A., Augustinus, A., Averbeck, R., Awes, T. C., Äystö, J., Azmi, M. D., Bablok, S., Bach, M., Badalà, A., Baek, Y. W., Bagnasco, S., Bailhache, R., Bala, R., Baldisseri, A., Baldit, A., Bán, J., Barbera, R., Barnaföldi, G. G., Barnby, L., Barret, V., Bartke, J., Barile, F., Basile, M., Basmanov, V., Bastid, N., Bathen, B., Batigne, G., Batyunya, B., Baumann, C., Bearden, I. G., Becker, B., Belikov, I., Bellwied, R., Belmont-Moreno, E., Belogianni, A., Benhabib, L., Beole, S., Berceanu, I., Bercuci, A., Berdermann, E., Berdnikov, Y., Betev, L., Bhasin, A., Bhati, A. K., Bianchi, L., Bianchi, N., Bianchin, C., Bielčík, J., Bielčíková, J., Bilandzic, A., Bimbot, L., Biolcati, E., Blanc, A., Blanco, F., Blanco, F., Blau, D., Blume, C., Boccioli, M., Bock, N., Bogdanov, A., Bøggild, H., Bogolyubsky, M., Bohm, J., Boldizsár, L., Bombara, M., Bombonati, C., Bondila, M., Borel, H., Borshchov, V., Borisov, A., Bortolin, C., Bose, S., Bosisio, L., Bossú, F., Botje, M., Böttger, S., Bourdaud, G., Boyer, B., Braun, M., Braun-Munzinger, P., Bravina, L., Bregant, M., Breitner, T., Bruckner, G., Brun, R., Bruna, E., Bruno, G. E., Budnikov, D., Buesching, H., Buncic, P., Busch, O., Buthelezi, Z., Caffarri, D., Cai, X., Caines, H., Camacho, E., Camerini, P., Campbell, M., Canoa Roman, V., Capitani, G. P., Cara Romeo, G., Carena, F., Carena, W., Carminati, F., Casanova Díaz, A., Caselle, M., Castillo Castellanos, J., Castillo Hernandez, J. F., Catanescu, V., Cattaruzza, E., Cavicchioli, C., Cerello, P., Chambert, V., Chang, B., Chapeland, S., Charpy, A., Charvet, J. L., Chattopadhyay, S., Chattopadhyay, S., Cherney, M., Cheshkov, C., Cheynis, B., Chiavassa, E., Chibante Barroso, V., Chinellato, D. D., Chochula, P., Choi, K., Chojnacki, M., Christakoglou, P., Christensen, C. H., Christiansen, P., Chujo, T., Chuman, F., Cicalo, C., Cifarelli, L., Cindolo, F., Cleymans, J., Cobanoglu, O., Coffin, J. -P., Coli, S., Colla, A., Conesa Balbastre, G., Conesa del Valle, Z., Conner, E. S., Constantin, P., Contin, G., Contreras, J. G., Corrales Morales, Y., Cormier, T. M., Cortese, P., Cortés Maldonado, I., Cosentino, M. R., Costa, F., Cotallo, M. E., Crescio, E., Crochet, P., Cuautle, E., Cunqueiro, L., Cussonneau, J., Dainese, A., Dalsgaard, H. H., Danu, A., Das, I., Das, S., Dash, A., Dash, S., de Barros, G. O. V., De Caro, A., de Cataldo, G., de Cuveland, J., De Falco, A., De Gaspari, M., de Groot, J., De Gruttola, D., De Marco, N., De Pasquale, S., De Remigis, R., de Rooij, R., de Vaux, G., Delagrange, H., Dellacasa, G., Deloff, A., Demanov, V., Dénes, E., Deppman, A., D’Erasmo, G., Derkach, D., Devaux, A., Di Bari, D., Di Giglio, C., Di Liberto, S., Di Mauro, A., Di Nezza, P., Dialinas, M., Díaz, L., Díaz, R., Dietel, T., Divià, R., Djuvsland, Ø., Dobretsov, V., Dobrin, A., Dobrowolski, T., Dönigus, B., Domínguez, I., Don, D. M. M., Dordic, O., Dubey, A. K., Dubuisson, J., Ducroux, L., Dupieux, P., Dutta Majumdar, A. K., Dutta Majumdar, M. R., Elia, D., Emschermann, D., Enokizono, A., Espagnon, B., Estienne, M., Esumi, S., Evans, D., Evrard, S., Eyyubova, G., Fabjan, C. W., Fabris, D., Faivre, J., Falchieri, D., Fantoni, A., Fasel, M., Fateev, O., Fearick, R., Fedunov, A., Fehlker, D., Fekete, V., Felea, D., Fenton-Olsen, B., Feofilov, G., Fernández Téllez, A., Ferreiro, E. G., Ferretti, A., Ferretti, R., Figueredo, M. A. S., Filchagin, S., Fini, R., Fionda, F. M., Fiore, E. M., Floris, M., Fodor, Z., Foertsch, S., Foka, P., Fokin, S., Formenti, F., Fragiacomo, E., Fragkiadakis, M., Frankenfeld, U., Frolov, A., Fuchs, U., Furano, F., Furget, C., Fusco Girard, M., Gaardhøje, J. J., Gadrat, S., Gagliardi, M., Gago, A., Gallio, M., Ganoti, P., Ganti, M. S., Garabatos, C., García Trapaga, C., Gebelein, J., Gemme, R., Germain, M., Gheata, A., Gheata, M., Ghidini, B., Ghosh, P., Giraudo, G., Giubellino, P., Gladysz-Dziadus, E., Glasow, R., Glässel, P., Glenn, A., Gómez Jiménez, R., González Santos, H., González-Trueba, L. H., González-Zamora, P., Gorbunov, S., Gorbunov, Y., Gotovac, S., Gottschlag, H., Grabski, V., Grajcarek, R., Grelli, A., Grigoras, A., Grigoras, C., Grigoriev, V., Grigoryan, A., Grigoryan, S., Grinyov, B., Grion, N., Gros, P., Grosse-Oetringhaus, J. F., Grossiord, J. -Y., Grosso, R., Guber, F., Guernane, R., Guerzoni, B., Gulbrandsen, K., Gulkanyan, H., Gunji, T., Gupta, A., Gupta, R., Gustafsson, H. -A., Gutbrod, H., Haaland, Ø., Hadjidakis, C., Haiduc, M., Hamagaki, H., Hamar, G., Hamblen, J., Han, B. H., Harris, J. W., Hartig, M., Harutyunyan, A., Hasch, D., Hasegan, D., Hatzifotiadou, D., Hayrapetyan, A., Heide, M., Heinz, M., Helstrup, H., Herghelegiu, A., Hernández, C., Herrera Corral, G., Herrmann, N., Hetland, K. F., Hicks, B., Hiei, A., Hille, P. T., Hippolyte, B., Horaguchi, T., Hori, Y., Hristov, P., Hřivnáčová, I., Hu, S., Huang, M., Huber, S., Humanic, T. J., Hutter, D., Hwang, D. S., Ichou, R., Ilkaev, R., Ilkiv, I., Inaba, M., Innocenti, P. 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S., Willis, N., Windelband, B., Xu, C., Yang, C., Yang, H., Yasnopolskiy, S., Yermia, F., Yi, J., Yin, Z., Yokoyama, H., Yoo, I. -K., Yuan, X., Yurevich, V., Yushmanov, I., Zabrodin, E., Zagreev, B., Zalite, A., Zampolli, C., Zanevsky, Yu., Zaporozhets, S., Zarochentsev, A., Závada, P., Zbroszczyk, H., Zelnicek, P., Zenin, A., Zepeda, A., Zgura, I., Zhalov, M., Zhang, X., Zhou, D., Zhou, S., Zhu, J., Zichichi, A., Zinchenko, A., Zinovjev, G., Zoccarato, Y., Zycháček, V., and Zynovyev, M.. Sat . "Charged-particle multiplicity measurement in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ and 2.36 TeV with ALICE at LHC". United States. doi:10.1140/epjc/s10052-010-1339-x. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1511321.
@article{osti_1511321,
title = {Charged-particle multiplicity measurement in proton–proton collisions at $\sqrt{s}=0.9$ and 2.36 TeV with ALICE at LHC},
author = {Aamodt, K. and Abel, N. and Abeysekara, U. and Abrahantes Quintana, A. and Abramyan, A. and Adamová, D. and Aggarwal, M. M. and Aglieri Rinella, G. and Agocs, A. G. and Aguilar Salazar, S. and Ahammed, Z. and Ahmad, A. and Ahmad, N. and Ahn, S. U. and Akimoto, R. and Akindinov, A. and Aleksandrov, D. and Alessandro, B. and Alfaro Molina, R. and Alici, A. and Almaráz Aviña, E. and Alme, J. and Alt, T. and Altini, V. and Altinpinar, S. and Andrei, C. and Andronic, A. and Anelli, G. and Angelov, V. and Anson, C. and Antičić, T. and Antinori, F. and Antinori, S. and Antipin, K. and Antończyk, D. and Antonioli, P. and Anzo, A. and Aphecetche, L. and Appelshäuser, H. and Arcelli, S. and Arceo, R. and Arend, A. and Armesto, N. and Arnaldi, R. and Aronsson, T. and Arsene, I. C. and Asryan, A. and Augustinus, A. and Averbeck, R. and Awes, T. C. and Äystö, J. and Azmi, M. D. and Bablok, S. and Bach, M. and Badalà, A. and Baek, Y. W. and Bagnasco, S. and Bailhache, R. and Bala, R. and Baldisseri, A. and Baldit, A. and Bán, J. and Barbera, R. and Barnaföldi, G. G. and Barnby, L. and Barret, V. and Bartke, J. and Barile, F. and Basile, M. and Basmanov, V. and Bastid, N. and Bathen, B. and Batigne, G. and Batyunya, B. and Baumann, C. and Bearden, I. G. and Becker, B. and Belikov, I. and Bellwied, R. and Belmont-Moreno, E. and Belogianni, A. and Benhabib, L. and Beole, S. and Berceanu, I. and Bercuci, A. and Berdermann, E. and Berdnikov, Y. and Betev, L. and Bhasin, A. and Bhati, A. K. and Bianchi, L. and Bianchi, N. and Bianchin, C. and Bielčík, J. and Bielčíková, J. and Bilandzic, A. and Bimbot, L. and Biolcati, E. and Blanc, A. and Blanco, F. and Blanco, F. and Blau, D. and Blume, C. and Boccioli, M. and Bock, N. and Bogdanov, A. and Bøggild, H. and Bogolyubsky, M. and Bohm, J. and Boldizsár, L. and Bombara, M. and Bombonati, C. and Bondila, M. and Borel, H. and Borshchov, V. and Borisov, A. and Bortolin, C. and Bose, S. and Bosisio, L. and Bossú, F. and Botje, M. and Böttger, S. and Bourdaud, G. and Boyer, B. and Braun, M. and Braun-Munzinger, P. and Bravina, L. and Bregant, M. and Breitner, T. and Bruckner, G. and Brun, R. and Bruna, E. and Bruno, G. E. and Budnikov, D. and Buesching, H. and Buncic, P. and Busch, O. and Buthelezi, Z. and Caffarri, D. and Cai, X. and Caines, H. and Camacho, E. and Camerini, P. and Campbell, M. and Canoa Roman, V. and Capitani, G. 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abstractNote = {Charged-particle production was studied in proton-proton collisions collected at the LHC with the ALICE detector at centre-of-mass energies 0.9 TeV and 2.36 TeV in the pseudorapidity range |η|<1.4. In the central region (|η|<0.5), at 0.9 TeV, we measure charged-particle pseudorapidity density dNch/dη= 3.02 ± 0.01 (stat.)$ +0.08\atop{-0.05} $(syst.) for inelastic interactions, and dNch/dη = 3.58 ± 0.01 (stat.)$ +0.12\atop{-0.12} $(syst.) for non-single-diffractive interactions. At 2.36 TeV, we find dNch/dη = 3.77 ± 0.01 (stat.)$ +0.25\atop{-0.12} $(syst.) for inelastic, and dNch/dη = 4.43 ± 0.01(stat.)$ +0.17\atop{-0.12} $(syst.) for non-single-diffractive collisions. The relative increase in charged-particle multiplicity from the lower to higher energy is 24.7% ± 0.5%(stat.)$ +5.7\atop{-2.8} $%(syst.) for inelastic and 23.7% ± 0.5%(stat.)$ +4.6\atop{-1.1} $% 1.1%(syst.) for non-single-diffractive interactions. This increase is consistent with that reported by the CMS collaboration for non-single-diffractive events and larger than that found by a number of commonly used models. The multiplicity distribution was measured in different pseudorapidity intervals and studied in terms of KNO variables at both energies. The results are compared to proton-antiproton data and to model predictions.},
doi = {10.1140/epjc/s10052-010-1339-x},
journal = {European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields},
number = 1-2,
volume = 68,
place = {United States},
year = {2010},
month = {6}
}

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