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Title: A Roadmap to Low-Cost Hydrogen with Hydroxide Exchange Membrane Electrolyzers

Abstract

Hydrogen is an ideal alternative energy carrier to generate power for all of society's energy demands including grid, industrial, and transportation sectors. Among the hydrogen production methods, water electrolysis is a promising method because of its zero greenhouse gas emission and its compatibility with all types of electricity sources. Alkaline electrolyzers (AELs) and proton exchange membrane electrolyzers (PEMELs) are currently used to produce hydrogen. AELs are commercially mature and are used in a variety of industrial applications, while PEMELs are still being developed and find limited application. In comparison with AELs, PEMELs have more compact structure and can achieve higher current densities. Recently, however, an alternative technology to PEMELs, hydroxide exchange membrane electrolyzers (HEMELs), has gained considerable attention due to the possibility to use platinum group metal (PGM)-free electrocatalysts and cheaper membranes, ionomers, and construction materials and its potential to achieve performance parity with PEMELs. Here, the state-of-the-art AELs and PEMELs along with the current status of HEMELs are discussed in terms of their positive and negative aspects. Additionally discussed are electrocatalyst, membrane, and ionomer development needs for HEMELs and benchmark electrocatalysts in terms of the cost-performance tradeoff.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States)
  2. Giner Inc., Newton, MA (United States)
  3. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  4. Global Energy Interconnection Research Inst. Co., Ltd.,Beijing (China)
  5. GEIRI North America, San Jose, CA (United States)
  6. Univ. at Buffalo, NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1508956
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-73764
Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC36-08GO28308
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 31; Journal Issue: 31; Journal ID: ISSN 0935-9648
Publisher:
Wiley
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; electrocatalysis; hydrogen production; membrane electrolyzers; proton exchange membrane electrolyzers; technoeconomic analysis

Citation Formats

Abbasi, Reza, Setzler, Brian P., Lin, Saisai, Wang, Junhua, Zhao, Yun, Xu, Hui, Pivovar, Bryan, Tian, Boyuan, Chen, Xi, Wu, Gang, and Yan, Yushan. A Roadmap to Low-Cost Hydrogen with Hydroxide Exchange Membrane Electrolyzers. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1002/adma.201805876.
Abbasi, Reza, Setzler, Brian P., Lin, Saisai, Wang, Junhua, Zhao, Yun, Xu, Hui, Pivovar, Bryan, Tian, Boyuan, Chen, Xi, Wu, Gang, & Yan, Yushan. A Roadmap to Low-Cost Hydrogen with Hydroxide Exchange Membrane Electrolyzers. United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201805876.
Abbasi, Reza, Setzler, Brian P., Lin, Saisai, Wang, Junhua, Zhao, Yun, Xu, Hui, Pivovar, Bryan, Tian, Boyuan, Chen, Xi, Wu, Gang, and Yan, Yushan. Wed . "A Roadmap to Low-Cost Hydrogen with Hydroxide Exchange Membrane Electrolyzers". United States. doi:10.1002/adma.201805876.
@article{osti_1508956,
title = {A Roadmap to Low-Cost Hydrogen with Hydroxide Exchange Membrane Electrolyzers},
author = {Abbasi, Reza and Setzler, Brian P. and Lin, Saisai and Wang, Junhua and Zhao, Yun and Xu, Hui and Pivovar, Bryan and Tian, Boyuan and Chen, Xi and Wu, Gang and Yan, Yushan},
abstractNote = {Hydrogen is an ideal alternative energy carrier to generate power for all of society's energy demands including grid, industrial, and transportation sectors. Among the hydrogen production methods, water electrolysis is a promising method because of its zero greenhouse gas emission and its compatibility with all types of electricity sources. Alkaline electrolyzers (AELs) and proton exchange membrane electrolyzers (PEMELs) are currently used to produce hydrogen. AELs are commercially mature and are used in a variety of industrial applications, while PEMELs are still being developed and find limited application. In comparison with AELs, PEMELs have more compact structure and can achieve higher current densities. Recently, however, an alternative technology to PEMELs, hydroxide exchange membrane electrolyzers (HEMELs), has gained considerable attention due to the possibility to use platinum group metal (PGM)-free electrocatalysts and cheaper membranes, ionomers, and construction materials and its potential to achieve performance parity with PEMELs. Here, the state-of-the-art AELs and PEMELs along with the current status of HEMELs are discussed in terms of their positive and negative aspects. Additionally discussed are electrocatalyst, membrane, and ionomer development needs for HEMELs and benchmark electrocatalysts in terms of the cost-performance tradeoff.},
doi = {10.1002/adma.201805876},
journal = {Advanced Materials},
number = 31,
volume = 31,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

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