skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Electrochirogenesis: The Possible Role of Low-Energy Spin-Polarized Electrons in Creating Homochirality

Abstract

Electrochirogenesis deals with the induction of chirality by polarized electrons of which those with low energy (<15 eV) are seen to be the most effective. Possible sources of such electrons in the prebiotic universe are discussed and several examples where chiral induction by these electrons have been demonstrated are given. Finally, some possible scenarios where electrochirogenesis could have played a role in forming a chiral imbalance in a prebiotic setting have been speculated on and some possible future areas of research proposed.

Authors:
 [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1508382
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Symmetry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 11; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 2073-8994
Publisher:
MDPI
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
74 ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS; homochirality; magnetism; prebiotic; spin polarized electrons

Citation Formats

Rosenberg, Richard A. Electrochirogenesis: The Possible Role of Low-Energy Spin-Polarized Electrons in Creating Homochirality. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.3390/sym11040528.
Rosenberg, Richard A. Electrochirogenesis: The Possible Role of Low-Energy Spin-Polarized Electrons in Creating Homochirality. United States. doi:10.3390/sym11040528.
Rosenberg, Richard A. Thu . "Electrochirogenesis: The Possible Role of Low-Energy Spin-Polarized Electrons in Creating Homochirality". United States. doi:10.3390/sym11040528. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1508382.
@article{osti_1508382,
title = {Electrochirogenesis: The Possible Role of Low-Energy Spin-Polarized Electrons in Creating Homochirality},
author = {Rosenberg, Richard A.},
abstractNote = {Electrochirogenesis deals with the induction of chirality by polarized electrons of which those with low energy (<15 eV) are seen to be the most effective. Possible sources of such electrons in the prebiotic universe are discussed and several examples where chiral induction by these electrons have been demonstrated are given. Finally, some possible scenarios where electrochirogenesis could have played a role in forming a chiral imbalance in a prebiotic setting have been speculated on and some possible future areas of research proposed.},
doi = {10.3390/sym11040528},
journal = {Symmetry},
number = 4,
volume = 11,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {4}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Figure 1 Figure 1: (a) Schematic illustration showing how spin polarization of secondary electrons in a ferromagnet is achieved. Preferential scattering of minority electrons (red) into empty states above the Fermi level leads to a decrease in those electrons and thus a net spin polarization of the majority electrons (blue). (b) Permalloymore » secondary electron yield curve following excitation by 1190 eV x-rays.« less

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Comet 81P/Wild 2 Under a Microscope
journal, December 2006


Chiral molecular films as electron polarizers and polarization modulators
journal, July 2012


Origin of organic molecules and biomolecular homochirality
journal, January 2001

  • Podlech, J.
  • Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, Vol. 58, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1007/PL00000777

Spin polarization of secondary electrons in transition metals: Theory
journal, December 1985


Enantiomeric Excesses in Meteoritic Amino Acids
journal, February 1997


Scattering of polarized electrons from anisotropic chiral ensembles
journal, June 2001

  • Musigmann, M.; Blum, K.; Thompson, D. G.
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 34, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/34/13/310

Chiral electron transport: Scattering through helical potentials
journal, July 2009

  • Yeganeh, Sina; Ratner, Mark A.; Medina, Ernesto
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 131, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3167404

Physical and astrophysical aspects of the problem of origin of chiral asymmetry of the biosphere
journal, December 2009


Leptons in chemistry
journal, June 1985


Discovery of the interstellar chiral molecule propylene oxide (CH3CHCH2O)
journal, June 2016


Meteorite magnetism and the early solar system magnetic field
journal, November 1979


Organic synthesis on Mars by electrochemical reduction of CO 2
journal, October 2018


Photoemission of spin-polarized electrons from GaAs
journal, June 1976


Absolute Asymmetric Synthesis: The Origin, Control, and Amplification of Chirality
journal, December 1999


On the Physical Basis of Asymmetry and Homochirality: PHYSICAL BASIS OF ASYMMETRY
journal, June 2012


Chirality of Living Systems: A Helping Hand from Crystals and Oligopeptides
journal, April 2002


Analysis of the Spin Polarization of Secondary Electrons Emitted from Permalloy Polycrystals
journal, December 1999

  • Tamura, Keiji; Yasuda, Masaaki; Murata, Kenji
  • Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 38, Issue Part 1, No. 12B
  • DOI: 10.1143/JJAP.38.7173

Separation of enantiomers by their enantiospecific interaction with achiral magnetic substrates
journal, May 2018

  • Banerjee-Ghosh, Koyel; Ben Dor, Oren; Tassinari, Francesco
  • Science, Vol. 360, Issue 6395
  • DOI: 10.1126/science.aar4265

Magnetic meteorites and the early solar system
journal, July 2015

  • Bryson, James FJ; Nimmo, Francis; Harrison, Richard J.
  • Astronomy & Geophysics, Vol. 56, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1093/astrogeo/atv134

Experimental Test of Parity Conservation in Beta Decay
journal, February 1957


Amino acids from ultraviolet irradiation of interstellar ice analogues
journal, March 2002

  • Muñoz Caro, G. M.; Meierhenrich, U. J.; Schutte, W. A.
  • Nature, Vol. 416, Issue 6879
  • DOI: 10.1038/416403a

Pure iron and other magnetic minerals in meteorites
journal, January 2015

  • Pechersky, D. M.; Markov, G. P.; Tsel’movich, V. A.
  • Solar System Research, Vol. 49, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1134/S0038094614060070

Absolute Asymmetric Synthesis under Physical Fields:  Facts and Fictions
journal, November 1998

  • Avalos, Martín; Babiano, Reyes; Cintas, Pedro
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 98, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr970096o

Chirality and life
journal, June 1995

  • Bonner, William A.
  • Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, Vol. 25, Issue 1-3
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01581581

Interstellar Glycine
journal, August 2003

  • Kuan, Yi‐Jehng; Charnley, Steven B.; Huang, Hui‐Chun
  • The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 593, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1086/375637

Spin-Polarized Photoelectrons from Nickel Single Crystals
journal, August 1976


Exobiological Implications of a Possible Ammonia–Water Ocean inside Titan
journal, August 2000


Band-Structure Investigation of Gold by Spin-Polarized Photoemission
journal, August 1981


Origin of the homochirality of biomolecules
journal, November 1995


Chirality-induced spin polarization places symmetry constraints on biomolecular interactions
journal, February 2017

  • Kumar, Anup; Capua, Eyal; Kesharwani, Manoj K.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 114, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1611467114

Attempts to induce optical activity with polarized β-radiation
journal, January 1962


Resonant Formation of DNA Strand Breaks by Low-Energy (3 to 20 eV) Electrons
journal, March 2000


A new approach towards spintronics–spintronics with no magnets
journal, February 2017

  • Michaeli, Karen; Varade, Vaibhav; Naaman, Ron
  • Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 29, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-648X/aa54a4

Cometary glycine detected in samples returned by Stardust
journal, September 2009


Kinetic Energy Dependence of Spin Filtering of Electrons Transmitted through Organized Layers of DNA
journal, June 2013

  • Rosenberg, Richard A.; Symonds, Joshua M.; Kalyanaraman, Vijayalakshmi
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, Issue 43
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp402387y

The Chemistry of Life's Origin:  A Carbonaceous Meteorite Perspective
journal, April 2006

  • Pizzarello, Sandra
  • Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 39, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/ar050049f

Enantiosensitive Bonding of Chiral Molecules on a Magnetic Substrate Investigated by Means of Electron Spectroscopies
journal, June 2018

  • Luque, Francisco J.; Niño, Miguel Á.; Spilsbury, Michael J.
  • CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, Vol. 72, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.2533/chimia.2018.418

The origin and amplification of biomolecular chirality
journal, March 1991

  • Bonner, William A.
  • Origins of Life and Evolution of the Biosphere, Vol. 21, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01809580

The relationship between interfacial bonding and radiation damage in adsorbed DNA
journal, January 2014

  • Rosenberg, R. A.; Symonds, J. M.; Vijayalakshmi, K.
  • Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., Vol. 16, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4CP01649A

Magnetism induced by the organization of self-assembled monolayers
journal, June 2003

  • Carmeli, I.; Leitus, G.; Naaman, R.
  • The Journal of Chemical Physics, Vol. 118, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1580800

Chiral Control of Electron Transmission through Molecules
journal, December 2008


Biological Homochirality on the Earth, or in the Universe? A Selective Review
journal, December 2018


Polarization of Magnetic Dipole Emission and Spinning dust Emission from Magnetic Nanoparticles
journal, April 2016


Theory of spin-polarized secondary electrons in transition metals
journal, July 1985


An electrochemical synthesis of 2-acetoxy-2-amino acid and 3-acetoxy-3-amino acid derivatives
journal, July 1977

  • Iwasaki, Tameo; Horikawa, Hiroshi; Matsumoto, Kazuo
  • The Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 42, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1021/jo00434a015

Long-lived magnetism from solidification-driven convection on the pallasite parent body
journal, January 2015

  • Bryson, James F. J.; Nichols, Claire I. O.; Herrero-Albillos, Julia
  • Nature, Vol. 517, Issue 7535
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14114

Electron Transmission through Organized Organic Thin Films
journal, May 2003

  • Naaman, R.; Vager, Zeev
  • Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 36, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/ar010008t

Reactions induced by low energy electrons in cryogenic films (Review)
journal, March 2003

  • Bass, A. D.; Sanche, L.
  • Low Temperature Physics, Vol. 29, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1542441

Racemic amino acids from the ultraviolet photolysis of interstellar ice analogues
journal, March 2002

  • Bernstein, Max P.; Dworkin, Jason P.; Sandford, Scott A.
  • Nature, Vol. 416, Issue 6879
  • DOI: 10.1038/416401a

Question of Parity Conservation in Weak Interactions
journal, October 1956


Spin-dependent low-energy electron transport in metals
journal, August 2007


Flux and composition of interstellar dust at Saturn from Cassinis Cosmic Dust Analyzer
journal, April 2016


Spin-resolved photoemission of in situ sputtered iron and iron-yttrium alloys
journal, May 1997


Chiral-Selective Chemistry Induced by Spin-Polarized Secondary Electrons from a Magnetic Substrate
journal, October 2008


Chiral Selective Chemistry Induced by Natural Selection of Spin-Polarized Electrons
journal, May 2015

  • Rosenberg, Richard A.; Mishra, Debabrata; Naaman, Ron
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 54, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201501678

Spin-Dependent Transport through Chiral Molecules Studied by Spin-Dependent Electrochemistry
journal, October 2016

  • Mondal, Prakash Chandra; Fontanesi, Claudio; Waldeck, David H.
  • Accounts of Chemical Research, Vol. 49, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.accounts.6b00446

Chirality and Spin: A Different Perspective on Enantioselective Interactions
journal, June 2018

  • Naaman, Ron; Paltiel, Yossi; Waldeck, David H.
  • CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, Vol. 72, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.2533/chimia.2018.394

Electrochemical Behavior of Selected Imine Derivatives, Reductive Carboxylation, α-Amino Acid Synthesis
journal, January 1982

  • Root, Duane K.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 129, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.2124092

Molecular asymmetry in extraterrestrial chemistry: Insights from a pristine meteorite
journal, February 2008

  • Pizzarello, S.; Huang, Y.; Alexandre, M. R.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 105, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0709909105

Biomolecular Damage Induced by Ionizing Radiation: The Direct and Indirect Effects of Low-Energy Electrons on DNA
journal, April 2015


Spin–orbit-induced photoelectron spin polarization in angle-resolved photoemission from both atomic and condensed matter targets
journal, April 2012


Enrichment of the amino acid L-isovaline by aqueous alteration on CI and CM meteorite parent bodies
journal, March 2009

  • Glavin, D. P.; Dworkin, J. P.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0811618106

Electrochemical Reduction of Purine, Adenine and Related Compounds: Polarography and Macroscale Electrolysis
journal, April 1962

  • Smith, David L.; Elving, Philip J.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 84, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00867a015

Low-Energy (5-25 eV) Electron Damage to Homo-Oligonucleotides
journal, March 1999

  • Dugal, Pierre-Cyrille; Huels, Michael A.; Sanche, Léon
  • Radiation Research, Vol. 151, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.2307/3579945

Spin Selectivity in Electron Transmission Through Self-Assembled Monolayers of Double-Stranded DNA
journal, February 2011


Magnetic Nanoparticles in the Interstellar Medium: Emission Spectrum and Polarization
journal, February 2013


Primary energy dependence of secondary electron polarization
journal, July 1992


New electronic and magnetic properties emerging from adsorption of organized organic layers
journal, January 2006

  • Naaman, Ron; Vager, Zeev
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 8, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1039/b518103h

Optische Aktivit�t und die Parit�tsverletzung im ?-Zerfall
journal, January 1959

  • Vester, F.; Ulbricht, T. L. V.; Krauch, H.
  • Die Naturwissenschaften, Vol. 46, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF00599091

Chirality-Induced Spin-Selective Properties of Self-Assembled Monolayers of DNA on Gold
journal, January 2006


Photochemical Concepts on the Origin of Biomolecular Asymmetry
journal, February 2004


Low-energy electron-induced reactions in condensed matter
journal, January 2010


Photochirogenesis: Photochemical models on the absolute asymmetric formation of amino acids in interstellar space
journal, October 2011

  • Meinert, Cornelia; de Marcellus, Pierre; Le Sergeant dʼHendecourt, Louis
  • Physics of Life Reviews, Vol. 8, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.plrev.2011.08.005

    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.