skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Use of synchrotron-based radiography to diagnose pulsed power driven wire explosion experiments

Abstract

We describe the first use of synchrotron radiation to probe pulsed power driven high energy density physics (HEDP) experiments. Multi-frame x-ray radiography with interframe spacing of 704 ns and temporal resolution of < 100 ps was used to diagnose the electrical explosion of different wire configurations in water including single copper and tungsten wires, parallel copper wire pairs and copper x-pinches. Such experiments are of great interest to a variety of areas including equation of state studies and high pressure materials research, but the optical diagnostics that are usually employed in these experiments are unable to probe areas behind the shock wave generated in the water, as well as the internal structure of the exploding material. The x-ray radiography presented here, performed at beamline ID19 at ESRF, was able to image both sides of the shock to a resolution of up to 8 µm, and phase contrast imaging (PCI) allowed fine details of the wire structure during the current driven explosion and the shock waves to be clearly observed. These results demonstrate the feasibility of pulsed power operated in conjunction with synchrotron facilities, as well as an effective technique in the study of shock waves and wire explosion dynamics.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [2]
  1. Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
  2. Technion-Israel Inst. of Tech., Haifa (Israel)
  3. European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF), Grenoble (France)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
USDOE
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1495089
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0003764
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Review of Scientific Instruments
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0034-6748
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY

Citation Formats

Theocharous, S. P., Bland, S. N., Yanuka, D., Rososhek, A., Olbinado, M. P., Rack, A., and Krasik, Ya. E. Use of synchrotron-based radiography to diagnose pulsed power driven wire explosion experiments. United States: N. p., 2019. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5055949.
Theocharous, S. P., Bland, S. N., Yanuka, D., Rososhek, A., Olbinado, M. P., Rack, A., & Krasik, Ya. E. Use of synchrotron-based radiography to diagnose pulsed power driven wire explosion experiments. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5055949.
Theocharous, S. P., Bland, S. N., Yanuka, D., Rososhek, A., Olbinado, M. P., Rack, A., and Krasik, Ya. E. Fri . "Use of synchrotron-based radiography to diagnose pulsed power driven wire explosion experiments". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5055949. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1495089.
@article{osti_1495089,
title = {Use of synchrotron-based radiography to diagnose pulsed power driven wire explosion experiments},
author = {Theocharous, S. P. and Bland, S. N. and Yanuka, D. and Rososhek, A. and Olbinado, M. P. and Rack, A. and Krasik, Ya. E.},
abstractNote = {We describe the first use of synchrotron radiation to probe pulsed power driven high energy density physics (HEDP) experiments. Multi-frame x-ray radiography with interframe spacing of 704 ns and temporal resolution of < 100 ps was used to diagnose the electrical explosion of different wire configurations in water including single copper and tungsten wires, parallel copper wire pairs and copper x-pinches. Such experiments are of great interest to a variety of areas including equation of state studies and high pressure materials research, but the optical diagnostics that are usually employed in these experiments are unable to probe areas behind the shock wave generated in the water, as well as the internal structure of the exploding material. The x-ray radiography presented here, performed at beamline ID19 at ESRF, was able to image both sides of the shock to a resolution of up to 8 µm, and phase contrast imaging (PCI) allowed fine details of the wire structure during the current driven explosion and the shock waves to be clearly observed. These results demonstrate the feasibility of pulsed power operated in conjunction with synchrotron facilities, as well as an effective technique in the study of shock waves and wire explosion dynamics.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5055949},
journal = {Review of Scientific Instruments},
number = 1,
volume = 90,
place = {United States},
year = {2019},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Status and evolution of the ESRF beamline ID19
conference, January 2010

  • Weitkamp, Timm; Tafforeau, Paul; Boller, Elodie
  • X-RAY OPTICS AND MICROANALYSIS: Proceedings of the 20th International Congress, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3399253

An experimental platform for pulsed-power driven magnetic reconnection
journal, May 2018

  • Hare, J. D.; Suttle, L. G.; Lebedev, S. V.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 25, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5016280

Ultra high-speed x-ray imaging of laser-driven shock compression using synchrotron light
journal, January 2018

  • Olbinado, Margie P.; Cantelli, Valentina; Mathon, Olivier
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 51, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1088/1361-6463/aaa2f2

Multi frame synchrotron radiography of pulsed power driven underwater single wire explosions
journal, October 2018

  • Yanuka, D.; Rososhek, A.; Theocharous, S.
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 124, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5047204

Spherical wire arrays electrical explosion in water and glycerol
journal, December 2017

  • Rososhek, A.; Efimov, S.; Nitishinski, M.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5000037

Phase transitions of copper, aluminum, and tungsten wires during underwater electrical explosions
journal, October 2018

  • Rososhek, A.; Efimov, S.; Tewari, S. V.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 25, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.5049904

Ultra-high-speed indirect x-ray imaging system with versatile spatiotemporal sampling capabilities
journal, January 2018

  • Escauriza, Emilio M.; Olbinado, Margie P.; Rutherford, Michael E.
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 57, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1364/ao.57.005004

Generation of highly symmetric, cylindrically convergent shockwaves in water
journal, August 2017

  • Bland, S. N.; Krasik, Ya. E.; Yanuka, D.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4994328

Gas gun shock experiments with single-pulse x-ray phase contrast imaging and diffraction at the Advanced Photon Source
journal, July 2012

  • Luo, S. N.; Jensen, B. J.; Hooks, D. E.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4733704

Rapid Expansion and Fracture of Metallic Cylinders Driven by Explosive Loads
conference, January 2004

  • Hiroe, T.
  • SHOCK COMPRESSION OF CONDENSED MATTER - 2003: Proceedings of the Conference of the American Physical Society Topical Group on Shock Compression of Condensed Matter, AIP Conference Proceedings
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1780278

Phase-contrast imaging using polychromatic hard X-rays
journal, November 1996

  • Wilkins, S. W.; Gureyev, T. E.; Gao, D.
  • Nature, Vol. 384, Issue 6607
  • DOI: 10.1038/384335a0

Phase objects in synchrotron radiation hard x-ray imaging
journal, January 1996

  • Cloetens, Peter; Barrett, Raymond; Baruchel, José
  • Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, Vol. 29, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1088/0022-3727/29/1/023

X-Ray Interactions: Photoabsorption, Scattering, Transmission, and Reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92
journal, July 1993

  • Henke, B. L.; Gullikson, E. M.; Davis, J. C.
  • Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables, Vol. 54, Issue 2, p. 181-342
  • DOI: 10.1006/adnd.1993.1013

Interaction of radiatively cooled plasma jets with neutral gases for laboratory astrophysics studies
journal, March 2013


Diagnostics of underwater electrical wire explosion through a time- and space-resolved hard x-ray source
journal, October 2012

  • Sheftman, D.; Shafer, D.; Efimov, S.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 83, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4759492

High velocity flyer plates launched by magnetic pressure on pulsed power generator CQ-4 and applied in shock Hugoniot experiments
journal, May 2014

  • Zhang, Xuping; Wang, Guiji; Zhao, Jianheng
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 85, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4875705

Commissioning of the PRIOR proton microscope
journal, February 2016

  • Varentsov, D.; Antonov, O.; Bakhmutova, A.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 87, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4941685