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Title: Calibration of the NEXT-White detector using 83mKr decays

Abstract

We report the NEXT-White (NEW) detector is currently the largest radio-pure high-pressure xenon gas time projection chamber with electroluminescent readout in the world. It has been operating at Laboratorio Subterraneo de Canfranc (LSC) since October 2016. This paper describes the calibrations performed using 83mKr decays during a long run taken from March to November 2017 (Run II). Krypton calibrations are used to correct for the finite drift-electron lifetime as well as for the dependence of the measured energy on the event transverse position which is caused by variations in solid angle coverage both for direct and reflected light and edge effects. After producing calibration maps to correct for both effects we measure an excellent energy resolution for 41.5 keV point-like deposits of (4.553 +/- 0.010 (stat.) ± 0.324 (sys.)) % FWHM in the full chamber and (3.804 ± 0.013 (stat.) ± 0.112 (sys.)) % FWHM in a restricted fiducial volume. Laslty, using naive 1/$$ \sqrt{E} $$ scaling, these values translate into resolutions of (0.5916 ± 0.0014 (stat.) ± 0.0421 (sys.)) % FWHM and (0.4943 ± 0.0017 (stat.) +/- 0.0146 (sys.)) % FWHM at the Qᵦᵦ energy of xenon double beta decay (2458 keV), well within range of our target value of 1%.

Authors:
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Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); European Research Council (ERC)
Contributing Org.:
The NEXT Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1484233
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1550825
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC02-07CH11359; FG02-13ER42020; SC0017721; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Instrumentation
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 13; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1748-0221
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION

Citation Formats

Martínez-Lema, G., Morata, J. A. Hernando, Palmeiro, B., Botas, A., Ferrario, P., Monrabal, F., Laing, A., Renner, J., Simón, A., Para, A., Gómez-Cadenas, J. J., Adams, C., Álvarez, V., Arazi, L., Azevedo, C. D. R., Bailey, K., Ballester, F., Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M., Borges, F. I. G. M., Cárcel, S., Carrión, J. V., Cebrián, S., Conde, C. A. N., Díaz, J., Diesburg, M., Escada, J., Esteve, R., Felkai, R., Fernandes, A. F. M., Fernandes, L. M. P., Ferreira, A. L., Freitas, E. D. C., Generowicz, J., Goldschmidt, A., González-Díaz, D., Guenette, R., Gutiérrez, R. M., Hafidi, K., Hauptman, J., Henriques, C. A. O., Hernandez, A. I., Herrero, V., Johnston, S., Jones, B. J. P., Kekic, M., Labarga, L., Lebrun, P., López-March, N., Losada, M., Mano, R. D. P., Martín-Albo, J., Martínez, A., McDonald, A., Monteiro, C. M. B., Mora, F. J., Vidal, J. Muñoz, Musti, M., Nebot-Guinot, M., Novella, P., Nygren, D. R., Pérez, J., Querol, M., Repond, J., Riordan, S., Ripoll, L., Rodríguez, J., Rogers, L., Romo-Luque, C., Santos, F. P., Santos, J. M. F. dos, Sofka, C., Sorel, M., Stiegler, T., Toledo, J. F., Torrent, J., Veloso, J. F. C. A., Webb, R., White, J. T., and Yahlali, N. Calibration of the NEXT-White detector using 83mKr decays. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10014.
Martínez-Lema, G., Morata, J. A. Hernando, Palmeiro, B., Botas, A., Ferrario, P., Monrabal, F., Laing, A., Renner, J., Simón, A., Para, A., Gómez-Cadenas, J. J., Adams, C., Álvarez, V., Arazi, L., Azevedo, C. D. R., Bailey, K., Ballester, F., Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M., Borges, F. I. G. M., Cárcel, S., Carrión, J. V., Cebrián, S., Conde, C. A. N., Díaz, J., Diesburg, M., Escada, J., Esteve, R., Felkai, R., Fernandes, A. F. M., Fernandes, L. M. P., Ferreira, A. L., Freitas, E. D. C., Generowicz, J., Goldschmidt, A., González-Díaz, D., Guenette, R., Gutiérrez, R. M., Hafidi, K., Hauptman, J., Henriques, C. A. O., Hernandez, A. I., Herrero, V., Johnston, S., Jones, B. J. P., Kekic, M., Labarga, L., Lebrun, P., López-March, N., Losada, M., Mano, R. D. P., Martín-Albo, J., Martínez, A., McDonald, A., Monteiro, C. M. B., Mora, F. J., Vidal, J. Muñoz, Musti, M., Nebot-Guinot, M., Novella, P., Nygren, D. R., Pérez, J., Querol, M., Repond, J., Riordan, S., Ripoll, L., Rodríguez, J., Rogers, L., Romo-Luque, C., Santos, F. P., Santos, J. M. F. dos, Sofka, C., Sorel, M., Stiegler, T., Toledo, J. F., Torrent, J., Veloso, J. F. C. A., Webb, R., White, J. T., & Yahlali, N. Calibration of the NEXT-White detector using 83mKr decays. United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10014.
Martínez-Lema, G., Morata, J. A. Hernando, Palmeiro, B., Botas, A., Ferrario, P., Monrabal, F., Laing, A., Renner, J., Simón, A., Para, A., Gómez-Cadenas, J. J., Adams, C., Álvarez, V., Arazi, L., Azevedo, C. D. R., Bailey, K., Ballester, F., Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M., Borges, F. I. G. M., Cárcel, S., Carrión, J. V., Cebrián, S., Conde, C. A. N., Díaz, J., Diesburg, M., Escada, J., Esteve, R., Felkai, R., Fernandes, A. F. M., Fernandes, L. M. P., Ferreira, A. L., Freitas, E. D. C., Generowicz, J., Goldschmidt, A., González-Díaz, D., Guenette, R., Gutiérrez, R. M., Hafidi, K., Hauptman, J., Henriques, C. A. O., Hernandez, A. I., Herrero, V., Johnston, S., Jones, B. J. P., Kekic, M., Labarga, L., Lebrun, P., López-March, N., Losada, M., Mano, R. D. P., Martín-Albo, J., Martínez, A., McDonald, A., Monteiro, C. M. B., Mora, F. J., Vidal, J. Muñoz, Musti, M., Nebot-Guinot, M., Novella, P., Nygren, D. R., Pérez, J., Querol, M., Repond, J., Riordan, S., Ripoll, L., Rodríguez, J., Rogers, L., Romo-Luque, C., Santos, F. P., Santos, J. M. F. dos, Sofka, C., Sorel, M., Stiegler, T., Toledo, J. F., Torrent, J., Veloso, J. F. C. A., Webb, R., White, J. T., and Yahlali, N. Wed . "Calibration of the NEXT-White detector using 83mKr decays". United States. doi:10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10014. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1484233.
@article{osti_1484233,
title = {Calibration of the NEXT-White detector using 83mKr decays},
author = {Martínez-Lema, G. and Morata, J. A. Hernando and Palmeiro, B. and Botas, A. and Ferrario, P. and Monrabal, F. and Laing, A. and Renner, J. and Simón, A. and Para, A. and Gómez-Cadenas, J. J. and Adams, C. and Álvarez, V. and Arazi, L. and Azevedo, C. D. R. and Bailey, K. and Ballester, F. and Benlloch-Rodríguez, J. M. and Borges, F. I. G. M. and Cárcel, S. and Carrión, J. V. and Cebrián, S. and Conde, C. A. N. and Díaz, J. and Diesburg, M. and Escada, J. and Esteve, R. and Felkai, R. and Fernandes, A. F. M. and Fernandes, L. M. P. and Ferreira, A. L. and Freitas, E. D. C. and Generowicz, J. and Goldschmidt, A. and González-Díaz, D. and Guenette, R. and Gutiérrez, R. M. and Hafidi, K. and Hauptman, J. and Henriques, C. A. O. and Hernandez, A. I. and Herrero, V. and Johnston, S. and Jones, B. J. P. and Kekic, M. and Labarga, L. and Lebrun, P. and López-March, N. and Losada, M. and Mano, R. D. P. and Martín-Albo, J. and Martínez, A. and McDonald, A. and Monteiro, C. M. B. and Mora, F. J. and Vidal, J. Muñoz and Musti, M. and Nebot-Guinot, M. and Novella, P. and Nygren, D. R. and Pérez, J. and Querol, M. and Repond, J. and Riordan, S. and Ripoll, L. and Rodríguez, J. and Rogers, L. and Romo-Luque, C. and Santos, F. P. and Santos, J. M. F. dos and Sofka, C. and Sorel, M. and Stiegler, T. and Toledo, J. F. and Torrent, J. and Veloso, J. F. C. A. and Webb, R. and White, J. T. and Yahlali, N.},
abstractNote = {We report the NEXT-White (NEW) detector is currently the largest radio-pure high-pressure xenon gas time projection chamber with electroluminescent readout in the world. It has been operating at Laboratorio Subterraneo de Canfranc (LSC) since October 2016. This paper describes the calibrations performed using 83mKr decays during a long run taken from March to November 2017 (Run II). Krypton calibrations are used to correct for the finite drift-electron lifetime as well as for the dependence of the measured energy on the event transverse position which is caused by variations in solid angle coverage both for direct and reflected light and edge effects. After producing calibration maps to correct for both effects we measure an excellent energy resolution for 41.5 keV point-like deposits of (4.553 +/- 0.010 (stat.) ± 0.324 (sys.)) % FWHM in the full chamber and (3.804 ± 0.013 (stat.) ± 0.112 (sys.)) % FWHM in a restricted fiducial volume. Laslty, using naive 1/$ \sqrt{E} $ scaling, these values translate into resolutions of (0.5916 ± 0.0014 (stat.) ± 0.0421 (sys.)) % FWHM and (0.4943 ± 0.0017 (stat.) +/- 0.0146 (sys.)) % FWHM at the Qᵦᵦ energy of xenon double beta decay (2458 keV), well within range of our target value of 1%.},
doi = {10.1088/1748-0221/13/10/P10014},
journal = {Journal of Instrumentation},
number = 10,
volume = 13,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {10}
}

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