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Title: Performance of detectors used in measurements of radioactive materials deposited in tissues from intakes by wounds

Abstract

In the care of people injured with wounds with incorporated radioactive material, the basic information is collected, using appropriate detectors, following procedures established in first aid protocol. The reliability of the data collected for medical treatment depends greatly on the metrological performance of the equipment, the experimental set up and the scenario of the occurrence of the accident. The methodology to evaluate the performance of the detectors use the comparison of the attenuation coefficient value of each radionuclide obtained by the attenuation curve of tissue-equivalent material to the theoretical value established by NIST in each experimental set up. The good performance was defined when the difference between the experimental and theoretical value is close to zero. The experimental set ups were chosen according to the types of possible measurements performed in the various scenarios of the radiological accident. The detectors used were Personal Radiation Dosimeter, IdentiFINDER2, Cadmium Telluride and Hyper Pure Germanium. Furthermore, the results for 241Am showed better performance with HPGe and IdentiFINDER2 shielded. For the 60Co the best performance occurred with the shielded and collimated IdentiFINDER2. For the 137Cs, the HPGe detector presented the best performance.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2]
  1. Institute of Radiation Protection and Dosimetry (IRD)/National Laboratory of Ionizing Radiation Metrology (LNMRI), Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
  2. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
Universities/Institutions; USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1481150
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-18-24759
Journal ID: ISSN 2319-0612
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-06NA25396
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2319-0612
Publisher:
Brazilian Radiation Protection Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; Radiation Protection; contaminated wounds; incorporation of radionuclides; performance of detectors; emergency radiological

Citation Formats

Lopes, Amanda Gomes, Tauhata, Luiz, and Bertelli, Luiz. Performance of detectors used in measurements of radioactive materials deposited in tissues from intakes by wounds. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.15392/bjrs.v6i3.528.
Lopes, Amanda Gomes, Tauhata, Luiz, & Bertelli, Luiz. Performance of detectors used in measurements of radioactive materials deposited in tissues from intakes by wounds. United States. doi:10.15392/bjrs.v6i3.528.
Lopes, Amanda Gomes, Tauhata, Luiz, and Bertelli, Luiz. Tue . "Performance of detectors used in measurements of radioactive materials deposited in tissues from intakes by wounds". United States. doi:10.15392/bjrs.v6i3.528. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1481150.
@article{osti_1481150,
title = {Performance of detectors used in measurements of radioactive materials deposited in tissues from intakes by wounds},
author = {Lopes, Amanda Gomes and Tauhata, Luiz and Bertelli, Luiz},
abstractNote = {In the care of people injured with wounds with incorporated radioactive material, the basic information is collected, using appropriate detectors, following procedures established in first aid protocol. The reliability of the data collected for medical treatment depends greatly on the metrological performance of the equipment, the experimental set up and the scenario of the occurrence of the accident. The methodology to evaluate the performance of the detectors use the comparison of the attenuation coefficient value of each radionuclide obtained by the attenuation curve of tissue-equivalent material to the theoretical value established by NIST in each experimental set up. The good performance was defined when the difference between the experimental and theoretical value is close to zero. The experimental set ups were chosen according to the types of possible measurements performed in the various scenarios of the radiological accident. The detectors used were Personal Radiation Dosimeter, IdentiFINDER2, Cadmium Telluride and Hyper Pure Germanium. Furthermore, the results for 241Am showed better performance with HPGe and IdentiFINDER2 shielded. For the 60Co the best performance occurred with the shielded and collimated IdentiFINDER2. For the 137Cs, the HPGe detector presented the best performance.},
doi = {10.15392/bjrs.v6i3.528},
journal = {Brazilian Journal of Radiation Sciences},
number = 3,
volume = 6,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
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