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Title: Microstructural characterization of as-cast U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd and U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd-4.3Ln

Abstract

Palladium is being investigated as a potential additive to metallic fuel to bind fission product lanthanides, with the goal of reducing or preventing fuel-cladding chemical interactions (FCCI). A primary cause of FCCI is the lanthanide fission products moving to the fuel periphery and interacting with the cladding. This interaction will lead to wastage of the cladding and eventually to a cladding breach. The current study is a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) investigation of as-cast U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd and U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd-4.3Ln in wt%, where Ln = 53Nd-25Ce-16Pr-6La. In U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd, PdZr2 is forming, along with a possible ternary phase between Pu, Zr, and Pd. Pu is also present in the Pd-Ln precipitates formed in U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd-4.3Ln. In the LnPd phase, Pu appears to be substitutional, forming (Ln,Pu)Pd. The other prominent phase, which appears to be Ln7Pd3, has a fine, lamellar structure. As a result, the lanthanides remain essentially constant across this fine structure, but Pu and Pd alternate as to which has the higher concentration.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
OSTI Identifier:
1478245
Report Number(s):
[INL/JOU-18-44698-Rev000]
[Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115]
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC07-05ID14517]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Nuclear Materials
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 508; Journal Issue: C]; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-3115
Publisher:
Elsevier
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; metallic fuel; FCCI; fuel additive; transmutation fuel

Citation Formats

Benson, Michael T., He, Lingfeng, King, James A., Mariani, Robert D., Winston, Alexander J., and Madden, James W. Microstructural characterization of as-cast U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd and U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd-4.3Ln. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.05.062.
Benson, Michael T., He, Lingfeng, King, James A., Mariani, Robert D., Winston, Alexander J., & Madden, James W. Microstructural characterization of as-cast U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd and U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd-4.3Ln. United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.05.062.
Benson, Michael T., He, Lingfeng, King, James A., Mariani, Robert D., Winston, Alexander J., and Madden, James W. Tue . "Microstructural characterization of as-cast U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd and U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd-4.3Ln". United States. doi:10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.05.062. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1478245.
@article{osti_1478245,
title = {Microstructural characterization of as-cast U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd and U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd-4.3Ln},
author = {Benson, Michael T. and He, Lingfeng and King, James A. and Mariani, Robert D. and Winston, Alexander J. and Madden, James W.},
abstractNote = {Palladium is being investigated as a potential additive to metallic fuel to bind fission product lanthanides, with the goal of reducing or preventing fuel-cladding chemical interactions (FCCI). A primary cause of FCCI is the lanthanide fission products moving to the fuel periphery and interacting with the cladding. This interaction will lead to wastage of the cladding and eventually to a cladding breach. The current study is a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) investigation of as-cast U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd and U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd-4.3Ln in wt%, where Ln = 53Nd-25Ce-16Pr-6La. In U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd, PdZr2 is forming, along with a possible ternary phase between Pu, Zr, and Pd. Pu is also present in the Pd-Ln precipitates formed in U-20Pu-10Zr-3.86Pd-4.3Ln. In the LnPd phase, Pu appears to be substitutional, forming (Ln,Pu)Pd. The other prominent phase, which appears to be Ln7Pd3, has a fine, lamellar structure. As a result, the lanthanides remain essentially constant across this fine structure, but Pu and Pd alternate as to which has the higher concentration.},
doi = {10.1016/j.jnucmat.2018.05.062},
journal = {Journal of Nuclear Materials},
number = [C],
volume = [508],
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

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