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Title: Environmental resource deficit may drive the evolution of intraspecific trait variation in invasive plant populations

Intraspecific trait variation within natural populations (i.e. intra-population trait variation, IPTV) is the basic source for selection and can have significant ecological consequences. Higher IPTV may increase a population's niche breath and benefit interspecies competition under a resource-limited environment, thus affecting the ability of a species to move into novel habitats. However, the reciprocal influences of variation in environmental conditions and phenotypic trait expression in spreading plant populations are not clearly defined. Here, we propose that during invasion, IPTV and its relative change in response to key resource enrichment may increase with the resource deficit of invaded sites, and that this relationship may facilitate plant invasions into resource-limited environments. We analyzed the invasion trend, IPTV and its response to water enrichment, and moisture variability among populations of an annual grass Brachypodium hybridum in California, United States. We incorporated a genotyping-by-sequencing approach, a common garden experiment that had two water level treatments, and public plant and climate databases. Our hypothesis was supported by the observation that for populations that invaded sites with higher spring moisture deficit, both their seed biomass IPTV (for the water-enriched treatment only) and relative change of the IPTV across water treatments were larger when examined in themore » common garden experiment. A generally north to south spreading direction was found in these B. hybridum populations, towards a drier and warmer climate exhibiting higher moisture deficit for plant growth. Our results suggest a role for interactions between IPTV (rather than trait means) and environmental resource availability in promoting plant invasions, providing new insights into the significance of IPTV in shaping plant geographic distributions.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7]
  1. Fudan Univ., Shanghai (China). Ministry of Education Key Lab. for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering and Inst. of Biodiversity Science; Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Seed Biotechnology Center and Dept. of Plant Sciences
  2. Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia). Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology and Research School of Biology; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Australian National Univ., Canberra, ACT (Australia). Centre of Excellence in Plant Energy Biology and Research School of Biology
  4. Univ. of California, Davis, CA (United States). Dept. of Plant Sciences
  5. Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Molecular and Computational Biology
  6. Fudan Univ., Shanghai (China). Ministry of Education Key Lab. for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering and Inst. of Biodiversity Science
  7. Dept of Plant Sciences, Seed Biotechnology Center, Univ. of California, Davis CA 95616 USA
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Oikos
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Oikos; Journal ID: ISSN 0030-1299
Publisher:
Nordic Ecological Society
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; intraspecific trait variation; intra-population trait variation; phenotypic plasticity; moisture availability; invasive grass
OSTI Identifier:
1474469

Liu, Shuangshuang, Streich, Jared, Borevitz, Justin O., Rice, Kevin J., Li, Tingting, Li, Bo, and Bradford, Kent J.. Environmental resource deficit may drive the evolution of intraspecific trait variation in invasive plant populations. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1111/oik.05548.
Liu, Shuangshuang, Streich, Jared, Borevitz, Justin O., Rice, Kevin J., Li, Tingting, Li, Bo, & Bradford, Kent J.. Environmental resource deficit may drive the evolution of intraspecific trait variation in invasive plant populations. United States. doi:10.1111/oik.05548.
Liu, Shuangshuang, Streich, Jared, Borevitz, Justin O., Rice, Kevin J., Li, Tingting, Li, Bo, and Bradford, Kent J.. 2018. "Environmental resource deficit may drive the evolution of intraspecific trait variation in invasive plant populations". United States. doi:10.1111/oik.05548.
@article{osti_1474469,
title = {Environmental resource deficit may drive the evolution of intraspecific trait variation in invasive plant populations},
author = {Liu, Shuangshuang and Streich, Jared and Borevitz, Justin O. and Rice, Kevin J. and Li, Tingting and Li, Bo and Bradford, Kent J.},
abstractNote = {Intraspecific trait variation within natural populations (i.e. intra-population trait variation, IPTV) is the basic source for selection and can have significant ecological consequences. Higher IPTV may increase a population's niche breath and benefit interspecies competition under a resource-limited environment, thus affecting the ability of a species to move into novel habitats. However, the reciprocal influences of variation in environmental conditions and phenotypic trait expression in spreading plant populations are not clearly defined. Here, we propose that during invasion, IPTV and its relative change in response to key resource enrichment may increase with the resource deficit of invaded sites, and that this relationship may facilitate plant invasions into resource-limited environments. We analyzed the invasion trend, IPTV and its response to water enrichment, and moisture variability among populations of an annual grass Brachypodium hybridum in California, United States. We incorporated a genotyping-by-sequencing approach, a common garden experiment that had two water level treatments, and public plant and climate databases. Our hypothesis was supported by the observation that for populations that invaded sites with higher spring moisture deficit, both their seed biomass IPTV (for the water-enriched treatment only) and relative change of the IPTV across water treatments were larger when examined in the common garden experiment. A generally north to south spreading direction was found in these B. hybridum populations, towards a drier and warmer climate exhibiting higher moisture deficit for plant growth. Our results suggest a role for interactions between IPTV (rather than trait means) and environmental resource availability in promoting plant invasions, providing new insights into the significance of IPTV in shaping plant geographic distributions.},
doi = {10.1111/oik.05548},
journal = {Oikos},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {8}
}

Works referenced in this record:

A Robust, Simple Genotyping-by-Sequencing (GBS) Approach for High Diversity Species
journal, May 2011