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Title: A thermodynamic investigation of adsorbate-adsorbate interactions of carbon dioxide on nanostructured carbons

Abstract

A thermodynamic study of carbon dioxide adsorption on a zeolite-templated carbon (ZTC), a superactivated carbon (MSC-30), and an activated carbon (CNS-201) was carried out at temperatures from 241 to 478 K and pressures up to 5.5•10 6 Pa. Excess adsorption isotherms were fitted with generalized Langmuir-type equations, allowing the isosteric heats of adsorption and adsorbed-phase heat capacities to be obtained as a function of absolute adsorption. On MSC-30, a superactivated carbon, the isosteric heat of carbon dioxide adsorption increases with occupancy from 19 to 21 kJ•mol -1, before decreasing at high loading. This increase is attributed to attractive adsorbate–adsorbate intermolecular interactions as evidenced by the slope and magnitude of the increase in isosteric heat and the adsorbed-phase heat capacities. An analysis of carbon dioxide adsorption on ZTC indicates a high degree of binding-site homogeneity. A generalized Law of Corresponding States analysis indicates lower carbon dioxide adsorption than expected.

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Dept. of Applied Physics and Materials Science
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Energy Frontier Research Centers (EFRC) (United States). Energy Frontier Research in Extreme Environments (EFree)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
OSTI Identifier:
1470611
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0001057
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
AIChE Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 64; Journal Issue: 3; Related Information: EFree partners with Carnegie Institution of Washington (lead); California Institute of Technology; Colorado School of Mines; Cornell University; Lehigh University; Pennsylvania State University; Journal ID: ISSN 0001-1541
Publisher:
American Institute of Chemical Engineers
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; catalysis (heterogeneous), solar (photovoltaic), phonons, thermoelectric, energy storage (including batteries and capacitors), hydrogen and fuel cells, superconductivity, charge transport, mesostructured materials, materials and chemistry by design, synthesis (novel materials)

Citation Formats

Murialdo, Maxwell, Ahn, Channing C., and Fultz, Brent. A thermodynamic investigation of adsorbate-adsorbate interactions of carbon dioxide on nanostructured carbons. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1002/aic.15996.
Murialdo, Maxwell, Ahn, Channing C., & Fultz, Brent. A thermodynamic investigation of adsorbate-adsorbate interactions of carbon dioxide on nanostructured carbons. United States. doi:10.1002/aic.15996.
Murialdo, Maxwell, Ahn, Channing C., and Fultz, Brent. Tue . "A thermodynamic investigation of adsorbate-adsorbate interactions of carbon dioxide on nanostructured carbons". United States. doi:10.1002/aic.15996. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1470611.
@article{osti_1470611,
title = {A thermodynamic investigation of adsorbate-adsorbate interactions of carbon dioxide on nanostructured carbons},
author = {Murialdo, Maxwell and Ahn, Channing C. and Fultz, Brent},
abstractNote = {A thermodynamic study of carbon dioxide adsorption on a zeolite-templated carbon (ZTC), a superactivated carbon (MSC-30), and an activated carbon (CNS-201) was carried out at temperatures from 241 to 478 K and pressures up to 5.5•106 Pa. Excess adsorption isotherms were fitted with generalized Langmuir-type equations, allowing the isosteric heats of adsorption and adsorbed-phase heat capacities to be obtained as a function of absolute adsorption. On MSC-30, a superactivated carbon, the isosteric heat of carbon dioxide adsorption increases with occupancy from 19 to 21 kJ•mol-1, before decreasing at high loading. This increase is attributed to attractive adsorbate–adsorbate intermolecular interactions as evidenced by the slope and magnitude of the increase in isosteric heat and the adsorbed-phase heat capacities. An analysis of carbon dioxide adsorption on ZTC indicates a high degree of binding-site homogeneity. A generalized Law of Corresponding States analysis indicates lower carbon dioxide adsorption than expected.},
doi = {10.1002/aic.15996},
journal = {AIChE Journal},
number = 3,
volume = 64,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

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