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Title: Effect of long-term irrigation patterns on phosphorus forms and distribution in the brown soil zone

Abstract

Continuous application of P fertilizers under different irrigation patterns can change soil phosphorus (P) chemical behavior and increase soil P levels that are of environmental concern. To assess the effect of long-term different irrigation patterns on soil P fractions and availability, this study examined sequential changes in soil organic P and inorganic P from furrow irrigation (FI), surface drip irrigation (SUR), and subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) in the brown soil zone (0–60 cm) during 1998 to 2011. Analyses of soil P behavior showed that the levels of total P are frequently high on top soil layers. The total P (TP) contents of the entire soil profiles under three irrigation treatments were 830.2–3180.1 mg/kg. The contents of available P (AP) were 72.6–319.3 mg P/kg soil through soil profiles. The greatest TP and AP contents were obtained within the upper soil layers in FI. Results of Hedley’s P fractionation indicate that HCl-P is a dominant form and the proportion to TP ranges from 29% to 43% in all three methods. The contents of various fractions of P were positively correlated with the levels of total carbon (TC), total inorganic carbon (TIC), and calcium (Ca), whereas the P fractions had negative correlation withmore » pH in all soil samples. Regression models proved that NaHCO 3-P o was an important factor in determining the amount of AP in FI. H 2O-P o, NaHCO 3-P o, and NaOH-P i were related to available P values in SUR. NaHCO 3-P o and NaOH-P o played important roles in SDI. The tomato yield under SUR was higher than SDI and FI. The difference of P availability was also controlled by the physicochemical soil properties under different irrigation schedule. Here, SUR was a reasonable irrigation pattern to improve the utilization efficiency of water and fertilizer.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  2. Chifeng Environmental Monitoring Central Station, Inner Mongolia (China)
  3. ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region (India)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1462832
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
PLoS ONE
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1932-6203
Publisher:
Public Library of Science
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Liu, Chang, Dang, Xiuli, Mayes, Melanie A., Chen, Leilei, Zhang, Yulong, and Das, Anup. Effect of long-term irrigation patterns on phosphorus forms and distribution in the brown soil zone. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0188361.
Liu, Chang, Dang, Xiuli, Mayes, Melanie A., Chen, Leilei, Zhang, Yulong, & Das, Anup. Effect of long-term irrigation patterns on phosphorus forms and distribution in the brown soil zone. United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0188361.
Liu, Chang, Dang, Xiuli, Mayes, Melanie A., Chen, Leilei, Zhang, Yulong, and Das, Anup. Mon . "Effect of long-term irrigation patterns on phosphorus forms and distribution in the brown soil zone". United States. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0188361. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1462832.
@article{osti_1462832,
title = {Effect of long-term irrigation patterns on phosphorus forms and distribution in the brown soil zone},
author = {Liu, Chang and Dang, Xiuli and Mayes, Melanie A. and Chen, Leilei and Zhang, Yulong and Das, Anup},
abstractNote = {Continuous application of P fertilizers under different irrigation patterns can change soil phosphorus (P) chemical behavior and increase soil P levels that are of environmental concern. To assess the effect of long-term different irrigation patterns on soil P fractions and availability, this study examined sequential changes in soil organic P and inorganic P from furrow irrigation (FI), surface drip irrigation (SUR), and subsurface drip irrigation (SDI) in the brown soil zone (0–60 cm) during 1998 to 2011. Analyses of soil P behavior showed that the levels of total P are frequently high on top soil layers. The total P (TP) contents of the entire soil profiles under three irrigation treatments were 830.2–3180.1 mg/kg. The contents of available P (AP) were 72.6–319.3 mg P/kg soil through soil profiles. The greatest TP and AP contents were obtained within the upper soil layers in FI. Results of Hedley’s P fractionation indicate that HCl-P is a dominant form and the proportion to TP ranges from 29% to 43% in all three methods. The contents of various fractions of P were positively correlated with the levels of total carbon (TC), total inorganic carbon (TIC), and calcium (Ca), whereas the P fractions had negative correlation with pH in all soil samples. Regression models proved that NaHCO3-Po was an important factor in determining the amount of AP in FI. H2O-Po, NaHCO3-Po, and NaOH-Pi were related to available P values in SUR. NaHCO3-Po and NaOH-Po played important roles in SDI. The tomato yield under SUR was higher than SDI and FI. The difference of P availability was also controlled by the physicochemical soil properties under different irrigation schedule. Here, SUR was a reasonable irrigation pattern to improve the utilization efficiency of water and fertilizer.},
doi = {10.1371/journal.pone.0188361},
journal = {PLoS ONE},
number = 11,
volume = 12,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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