skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: A three-dimensional hierarchical structure of cyclized-PAN/Si/Ni for mechanically stable silicon anodes

Abstract

Here, the main challenges associated with silicon anodes are their poor conductivity and severe structural degradation during cycling. Here we design a three-dimensional sandwich hierarchical structure that tackles these problems, and we demonstrate its use in flexible, large-area silicon anode assemblies. The design of the electrode is achieved via plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition of silicon nanoparticles onto three-dimensional nickel foam followed by conformal coating of cyclized-PAN on the silicon surface, thus forming a sandwiched cyclized-PAN/Si/Ni hierarchical structure. The three-dimensional networks provide abundant electroactive zones and conductive transport paths, the conformal coating of cyclized-PAN accommodates volume change during cycling, and the monolithic electrode configuration without additional binders or conductive agents improves the energy density of the whole electrode. Furthermore, as a result of the sandwich hierarchical arrangement, the solid-electrolyte interface of the anode remains stable and spatially confined, leading to an increased reversible capacity and improved cycling stability (910 mA h g –1 after 100 cycles at 1.0 A g –1).

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [1];  [2];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]; ORCiD logo [4]
  1. Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing (China)
  2. Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing (China); National Development Center of High Technology Green Materials, Beijing (China); Collaborative Innovation Center of Electric Vehicles in Beijing, Beijing (China)
  3. Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing (China); National Development Center of High Technology Green Materials, Beijing (China)
  4. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
OSTI Identifier:
1461409
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 47; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Silicon; Nickel disilicide; Cyclized-PAN; Hierarchical structure; Anode; Lithium ion batteries

Citation Formats

Bao, Wurigumula, Wang, Jing, Chen, Shi, Li, Weikang, Su, Yuefeng, Wu, Feng, Tan, Guoqiang, and Lu, Jun. A three-dimensional hierarchical structure of cyclized-PAN/Si/Ni for mechanically stable silicon anodes. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/c7ta08744f.
Bao, Wurigumula, Wang, Jing, Chen, Shi, Li, Weikang, Su, Yuefeng, Wu, Feng, Tan, Guoqiang, & Lu, Jun. A three-dimensional hierarchical structure of cyclized-PAN/Si/Ni for mechanically stable silicon anodes. United States. doi:10.1039/c7ta08744f.
Bao, Wurigumula, Wang, Jing, Chen, Shi, Li, Weikang, Su, Yuefeng, Wu, Feng, Tan, Guoqiang, and Lu, Jun. Wed . "A three-dimensional hierarchical structure of cyclized-PAN/Si/Ni for mechanically stable silicon anodes". United States. doi:10.1039/c7ta08744f. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1461409.
@article{osti_1461409,
title = {A three-dimensional hierarchical structure of cyclized-PAN/Si/Ni for mechanically stable silicon anodes},
author = {Bao, Wurigumula and Wang, Jing and Chen, Shi and Li, Weikang and Su, Yuefeng and Wu, Feng and Tan, Guoqiang and Lu, Jun},
abstractNote = {Here, the main challenges associated with silicon anodes are their poor conductivity and severe structural degradation during cycling. Here we design a three-dimensional sandwich hierarchical structure that tackles these problems, and we demonstrate its use in flexible, large-area silicon anode assemblies. The design of the electrode is achieved via plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition of silicon nanoparticles onto three-dimensional nickel foam followed by conformal coating of cyclized-PAN on the silicon surface, thus forming a sandwiched cyclized-PAN/Si/Ni hierarchical structure. The three-dimensional networks provide abundant electroactive zones and conductive transport paths, the conformal coating of cyclized-PAN accommodates volume change during cycling, and the monolithic electrode configuration without additional binders or conductive agents improves the energy density of the whole electrode. Furthermore, as a result of the sandwich hierarchical arrangement, the solid-electrolyte interface of the anode remains stable and spatially confined, leading to an increased reversible capacity and improved cycling stability (910 mA h g–1 after 100 cycles at 1.0 A g–1).},
doi = {10.1039/c7ta08744f},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. A},
number = 47,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 11 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Scalable Preparation of Ternary Hierarchical Silicon Oxide-Nickel-Graphite Composites for Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, November 2015


Fast growth of branched nickel monosilicide nanowires by laser-assisted chemical vapor deposition
journal, April 2011


Ni x Si 1-x Alloys Prepared by Mechanical Milling as Negative Electrode Materials for Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, October 2015

  • Du, Zhijia; Ellis, S. N.; Dunlap, R. A.
  • Journal of The Electrochemical Society, Vol. 163, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1149/2.0011602jes

Polymers with Tailored Electronic Structure for High Capacity Lithium Battery Electrodes
journal, September 2011

  • Liu, Gao; Xun, Shidi; Vukmirovic, Nenad
  • Advanced Materials, Vol. 23, Issue 40, p. 4679-4683
  • DOI: 10.1002/adma.201102421

Growth of nickel disilicide nanowires by CVD
journal, May 2010


High-performance lithium-ion anodes using a hierarchical bottom-up approach
journal, March 2010

  • Magasinski, A.; Dixon, P.; Hertzberg, B.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 9, Issue 4, p. 353-358
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2725

Side-Chain Conducting and Phase-Separated Polymeric Binders for High-Performance Silicon Anodes in Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, February 2015

  • Park, Sang-Jae; Zhao, Hui; Ai, Guo
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 137, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja511181p

XRD and XPS characterisation of transition metal silicide thin films
journal, February 2012


Carbon-Coated Si Nanoparticles Anchored between Reduced Graphene Oxides as an Extremely Reversible Anode Material for High Energy-Density Li-Ion Battery
journal, July 2016

  • Agyeman, Daniel Adjei; Song, Kyeongse; Lee, Gi-Hyeok
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 6, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201600904

Conformal Coatings of Cyclized-PAN for Mechanically Resilient Si nano-Composite Anodes
journal, March 2013

  • Piper, Daniela Molina; Yersak, Thomas A.; Son, Seoung-Bum
  • Advanced Energy Materials, Vol. 3, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/aenm.201200850

Si/TiN Nanocomposites Novel Anode Materials for Li-Ion Batteries
journal, January 1999

  • Kim, Il-seok
  • Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, Vol. 3, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1149/1.1391189

XPS calibration study of thin-film nickel silicides
journal, June 2009

  • Cao, Yu; Nyborg, Lars; Jelvestam, Urban
  • Surface and Interface Analysis, Vol. 41, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1002/sia.3050

Freestanding highly defect nitrogen-enriched carbon nanofibers for lithium ion battery thin-film anodes
journal, January 2017

  • Tan, Guoqiang; Bao, Wurigumula; Yuan, Yifei
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TA00969K

New Nanostructured Li2S/Silicon Rechargeable Battery with High Specific Energy
journal, April 2010

  • Yang, Yuan; McDowell, Matthew T.; Jackson, Ariel
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 10, Issue 4, p. 1486-1491
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl100504q

Surface contributions to the XPS spectra of nanostructured NiO deposited on HOPG
journal, September 2012


Coralline Glassy Lithium Phosphate-Coated LiFePO 4 Cathodes with Improved Power Capability for Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, March 2013

  • Tan, Guoqiang; Wu, Feng; Li, Li
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 117, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp309724q

Designing nanostructured Si anodes for high energy lithium ion batteries
journal, October 2012


A Critical Size of Silicon Nano-Anodes for Lithium Rechargeable Batteries
journal, March 2010

  • Kim, Hyejung; Seo, Minho; Park, Mi-Hee
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 49, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.200906287

Nanostructured materials for advanced energy conversion and storage devices
journal, May 2005

  • Aricò, Antonino Salvatore; Bruce, Peter; Scrosati, Bruno
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 4, Issue 5, p. 366-377
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat1368

A facile, low-cost synthesis of high-performance silicon-based composite anodes with high tap density for lithium-ion batteries
journal, January 2015

  • Kim, Sang-Ok; Manthiram, Arumugam
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 3, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4TA06113F

Reversible storage of Li-ion in nano-Si/SnO2 core–shell nanostructured electrode
journal, January 2013

  • Hwa, Yoon; Kim, Won-Sik; Yu, Byeong-Chul
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 1, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/c3ta01310c

A pomegranate-inspired nanoscale design for large-volume-change lithium battery anodes
journal, February 2014


Li–O2 and Li–S batteries with high energy storage
journal, January 2012

  • Bruce, Peter G.; Freunberger, Stefan A.; Hardwick, Laurence J.
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 11, Issue 1, p. 19-29
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat3191

Thermal Decomposition of the Solid Electrolyte Interphase (SEI) on Silicon Electrodes for Lithium Ion Batteries
journal, March 2017


Stable Nanostructured Cathode with Polycrystalline Li-Deficient Li 0.28 Co 0.29 Ni 0.30 Mn 0.20 O 2 for Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, February 2014

  • Wu, Feng; Tan, Guoqiang; Lu, Jun
  • Nano Letters, Vol. 14, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/nl404215h

Facile Synthesis and Lithium Storage Properties of a Porous NiSi 2 /Si/Carbon Composite Anode Material for Lithium-Ion Batteries
journal, January 2015

  • Jia, Haiping; Stock, Christoph; Kloepsch, Richard
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/am506486w

Preparation and characterization of a new nanosized silicon–nickel–graphite composite as anode material for lithium ion batteries
journal, April 2009