skip to main content

DOE PAGESDOE PAGES

This content will become publicly available on April 30, 2019

Title: A manganese–hydrogen battery with potential for grid-scale energy storage

Batteries including lithium-ion, lead–acid, redox-flow and liquid-metal batteries show promise for grid-scale storage, but they are still far from meeting the grid's storage needs such as low cost, long cycle life, reliable safety and reasonable energy density for cost and footprint reduction. Here, we report a rechargeable manganese–hydrogen battery, where the cathode is cycled between soluble Mn 2+ and solid MnO 2 with a two-electron reaction, and the anode is cycled between H 2 gas and H 2O through well-known catalytic reactions of hydrogen evolution and oxidation. This battery chemistry exhibits a discharge voltage of ~1.3 V, a rate capability of 100 mA cm –2 (36 s of discharge) and a lifetime of more than 10,000 cycles without decay. We achieve a gravimetric energy density of ~139 Wh kg –1 (volumetric energy density of ~210 Wh l –1), with the theoretical gravimetric energy density of ~174 Wh kg –1 (volumetric energy density of ~263 Wh l –1) in a 4 M MnSO 4 electrolyte. In conclusion, the manganese–hydrogen battery involves low-cost abundant materials and has the potential to be scaled up for large-scale energy storage.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)
  2. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) Key Lab of Nanosystem and Hierarchy Fabrication, Beijing (China)
  3. Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-76SF00515
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 3; Journal Issue: 5; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE
OSTI Identifier:
1461183

Chen, Wei, Li, Guodong, Pei, Allen, Li, Yuzhang, Liao, Lei, Wang, Hongxia, Wan, Jiayu, Liang, Zheng, Chen, Guangxu, Zhang, Hao, Wang, Jiangyan, and Cui, Yi. A manganese–hydrogen battery with potential for grid-scale energy storage. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1038/s41560-018-0147-7.
Chen, Wei, Li, Guodong, Pei, Allen, Li, Yuzhang, Liao, Lei, Wang, Hongxia, Wan, Jiayu, Liang, Zheng, Chen, Guangxu, Zhang, Hao, Wang, Jiangyan, & Cui, Yi. A manganese–hydrogen battery with potential for grid-scale energy storage. United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-018-0147-7.
Chen, Wei, Li, Guodong, Pei, Allen, Li, Yuzhang, Liao, Lei, Wang, Hongxia, Wan, Jiayu, Liang, Zheng, Chen, Guangxu, Zhang, Hao, Wang, Jiangyan, and Cui, Yi. 2018. "A manganese–hydrogen battery with potential for grid-scale energy storage". United States. doi:10.1038/s41560-018-0147-7.
@article{osti_1461183,
title = {A manganese–hydrogen battery with potential for grid-scale energy storage},
author = {Chen, Wei and Li, Guodong and Pei, Allen and Li, Yuzhang and Liao, Lei and Wang, Hongxia and Wan, Jiayu and Liang, Zheng and Chen, Guangxu and Zhang, Hao and Wang, Jiangyan and Cui, Yi},
abstractNote = {Batteries including lithium-ion, lead–acid, redox-flow and liquid-metal batteries show promise for grid-scale storage, but they are still far from meeting the grid's storage needs such as low cost, long cycle life, reliable safety and reasonable energy density for cost and footprint reduction. Here, we report a rechargeable manganese–hydrogen battery, where the cathode is cycled between soluble Mn2+ and solid MnO2 with a two-electron reaction, and the anode is cycled between H2 gas and H2O through well-known catalytic reactions of hydrogen evolution and oxidation. This battery chemistry exhibits a discharge voltage of ~1.3 V, a rate capability of 100 mA cm–2 (36 s of discharge) and a lifetime of more than 10,000 cycles without decay. We achieve a gravimetric energy density of ~139 Wh kg–1 (volumetric energy density of ~210 Wh l–1), with the theoretical gravimetric energy density of ~174 Wh kg–1 (volumetric energy density of ~263 Wh l–1) in a 4 M MnSO4 electrolyte. In conclusion, the manganese–hydrogen battery involves low-cost abundant materials and has the potential to be scaled up for large-scale energy storage.},
doi = {10.1038/s41560-018-0147-7},
journal = {Nature Energy},
number = 5,
volume = 3,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Issues and challenges facing rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, November 2001
  • Tarascon, J.-M.; Armand, M.
  • Nature, Vol. 414, Issue 6861, p. 359-367
  • DOI: 10.1038/35104644

MoS2 Nanoparticles Grown on Graphene An Advanced Catalyst for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
journal, May 2011
  • Li, Yanguang; Wang, Hailiang; Xie, Liming
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 133, Issue 19, p. 7296-7299
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja201269b

Opportunities and challenges for a sustainable energy future
journal, August 2012
  • Chu, Steven; Majumdar, Arun
  • Nature, Vol. 488, Issue 7411, p. 294-303
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature11475

Rechargeable Lithium Batteries with Aqueous Electrolytes
journal, May 1994