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Title: Historical ecology reveals landscape transformation coincident with cultural development in central Italy since the Roman Period

Abstract

Knowledge of the direct role humans have had in changing the landscape requires the perspective of historical and archaeological sources, as well as climatic and ecologic processes, when interpreting paleoecological records. People directly impact land at the local scale and land use decisions are strongly influenced by local sociopolitical priorities that change through time. A complete picture of the potential drivers of past environmental change must include a detailed and integrated analysis of evolving sociopolitical priorities, climatic change and ecological processes. However, there are surprisingly few localities that possess high-quality historical, archeological and high-resolution paleoecologic datasets. We present a high resolution 2700-year pollen record from central Italy and interpret it in relation to archival documents and archaeological data to reconstruct the relationship between changing sociopolitical conditions, and their effect on the landscape. Here, we found that: (1) abrupt environmental change was more closely linked to sociopolitical and demographic transformation than climate change; (2) landscape changes reflected the new sociopolitical priorities and persisted until the sociopolitical conditions shifted; (3) reorganization of new plant communities was very rapid, on the order of decades not centuries; and (4) legacies of forest management adopted by earlier societies continue to influence ecosystem services today.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [5]; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States). Dept. of Geography
  2. Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States). Dept. of History
  3. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States). Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry
  4. Univ. of Nevada, Reno, NV (United States). Dept. of Geological Sciences and Engineering
  5. Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Rome (Italy)
  6. DAFNE Univ. degli Studi della Tuscia, Viterbo (Italy). Dendrology Lab.
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1460938
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-736167
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322; 889074
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC52-07NA27344
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES

Citation Formats

Mensing, Scott A., Schoolman, Edward M., Tunno, Irene, Noble, Paula J., Sagnotti, Leonardo, Florindo, Fabio, and Piovesan, Gianluca. Historical ecology reveals landscape transformation coincident with cultural development in central Italy since the Roman Period. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20286-4.
Mensing, Scott A., Schoolman, Edward M., Tunno, Irene, Noble, Paula J., Sagnotti, Leonardo, Florindo, Fabio, & Piovesan, Gianluca. Historical ecology reveals landscape transformation coincident with cultural development in central Italy since the Roman Period. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20286-4.
Mensing, Scott A., Schoolman, Edward M., Tunno, Irene, Noble, Paula J., Sagnotti, Leonardo, Florindo, Fabio, and Piovesan, Gianluca. Thu . "Historical ecology reveals landscape transformation coincident with cultural development in central Italy since the Roman Period". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-20286-4. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1460938.
@article{osti_1460938,
title = {Historical ecology reveals landscape transformation coincident with cultural development in central Italy since the Roman Period},
author = {Mensing, Scott A. and Schoolman, Edward M. and Tunno, Irene and Noble, Paula J. and Sagnotti, Leonardo and Florindo, Fabio and Piovesan, Gianluca},
abstractNote = {Knowledge of the direct role humans have had in changing the landscape requires the perspective of historical and archaeological sources, as well as climatic and ecologic processes, when interpreting paleoecological records. People directly impact land at the local scale and land use decisions are strongly influenced by local sociopolitical priorities that change through time. A complete picture of the potential drivers of past environmental change must include a detailed and integrated analysis of evolving sociopolitical priorities, climatic change and ecological processes. However, there are surprisingly few localities that possess high-quality historical, archeological and high-resolution paleoecologic datasets. We present a high resolution 2700-year pollen record from central Italy and interpret it in relation to archival documents and archaeological data to reconstruct the relationship between changing sociopolitical conditions, and their effect on the landscape. Here, we found that: (1) abrupt environmental change was more closely linked to sociopolitical and demographic transformation than climate change; (2) landscape changes reflected the new sociopolitical priorities and persisted until the sociopolitical conditions shifted; (3) reorganization of new plant communities was very rapid, on the order of decades not centuries; and (4) legacies of forest management adopted by earlier societies continue to influence ecosystem services today.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-018-20286-4},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

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