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Title: Constraining superfluidity in dense matter from the cooling of isolated neutron stars

In this paper, we present a quantitative analysis of superfluidity and superconductivity in dense matter from observations of isolated neutron stars in the context of the minimal cooling model. Our new approach produces the best fit neutron triplet superfluid critical temperature, the best fit proton singlet superconducting critical temperature, and their associated statistical uncertainties. We find that the neutron triplet critical temperature is likely 2.09 +4.37 -1.41 x 10 8 K and that the proton singlet critical temperature is 7.59 +2.48 -5.81 x 10 9 K. However, we also show that this result only holds if the Vela neutron star is not included in the data set. If Vela is included, the gaps increase significantly to attempt to reproduce Vela's lower temperature given its young age. Further including neutron stars believed to have carbon atmospheres increases the neutron critical temperature and decreases the proton critical temperature. Finally, our method demonstrates that continued observations of isolated neutron stars can quantitatively constrain the nature of superfluidity in dense matter.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy
  2. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Physics Division
  3. National Autonomous Univ. of Mexico, Mexico City (Mexico). Inst. of Astronomy
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; PHY 1554876
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review C
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 97; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9985
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); National Science Foundation (NSF)
Country of Publication:
United States
73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; 79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; asymmetric nuclear matter; nuclear astrophysics; nuclear matter in neutron stars; nucleon-nucleon interactions; neutron stars & pulsars
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1418070