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Title: Experimental Signatures of the Quantum Nature of Radiation Reaction in the Field of an Ultraintense Laser

Abstract

The description of the dynamics of an electron in an external electromagnetic field of arbitrary intensity is one of the most fundamental outstanding problems in electrodynamics. Remarkably, to date, there is no unanimously accepted theoretical solution for ultrahigh intensities and little or no experimental data. The basic challenge is the inclusion of the self-interaction of the electron with the field emitted by the electron itself—the so-called radiation reaction force. We report here on the experimental evidence of strong radiation reaction, in an all-optical experiment, during the propagation of highly relativistic electrons (maximum energy exceeding 2 GeV) through the field of an ultraintense laser (peak intensity of 4 × 1020 W / cm2). In their own rest frame, the highest-energy electrons experience an electric field as high as one quarter of the critical field of quantum electrodynamics and are seen to lose up to 30% of their kinetic energy during the propagation through the laser field. The experimental data show signatures of quantum effects in the electron dynamics in the external laser field, potentially showing departures from the constant cross field approximation.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [2];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [1];  [3];  [8];  [1];  [2];  [6];  [1];  [8];  [5];  [1];  [5];  [3] more »;  [9];  [10];  [3];  [11] « less
  1. Imperial College, London (United Kingdom)
  2. Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Heidelberg (Germany)
  3. Queen’s University, Belfast (United Kingdom)
  4. Helmholtz Institute, Jena (Germany); Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena (Germany)
  5. University of York, Heslington (United Kingdom)
  6. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
  7. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  8. University of Strathclyde, Glasgow (United States)
  9. Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, Didcot, Oxfordshire (United Kingdom)
  10. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Lancaster Univ. (United Kingdom)
  11. Queen’s University, Belfast (United Kingdom); Helmholtz Institute, Jena (Germany); Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, Jena (Germany)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1459053
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1499096
Grant/Contract Number:  
NA0002372
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review. X
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2160-3308
Publisher:
American Physical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Poder, K., Tamburini, M., Sarri, G., Di Piazza, A., Kuschel, S., Baird, C. D., Behm, K., Bohlen, S., Cole, J. M., Corvan, D. J., Duff, M., Gerstmayr, E., Keitel, C. H., Krushelnick, K., Mangles, S. P. D., McKenna, P., Murphy, C. D., Najmudin, Z., Ridgers, C. P., Samarin, G. M., Symes, D. R., Thomas, A. G. R., Warwick, J., and Zepf, M. Experimental Signatures of the Quantum Nature of Radiation Reaction in the Field of an Ultraintense Laser. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/physrevx.8.031004.
Poder, K., Tamburini, M., Sarri, G., Di Piazza, A., Kuschel, S., Baird, C. D., Behm, K., Bohlen, S., Cole, J. M., Corvan, D. J., Duff, M., Gerstmayr, E., Keitel, C. H., Krushelnick, K., Mangles, S. P. D., McKenna, P., Murphy, C. D., Najmudin, Z., Ridgers, C. P., Samarin, G. M., Symes, D. R., Thomas, A. G. R., Warwick, J., & Zepf, M. Experimental Signatures of the Quantum Nature of Radiation Reaction in the Field of an Ultraintense Laser. United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevx.8.031004
Poder, K., Tamburini, M., Sarri, G., Di Piazza, A., Kuschel, S., Baird, C. D., Behm, K., Bohlen, S., Cole, J. M., Corvan, D. J., Duff, M., Gerstmayr, E., Keitel, C. H., Krushelnick, K., Mangles, S. P. D., McKenna, P., Murphy, C. D., Najmudin, Z., Ridgers, C. P., Samarin, G. M., Symes, D. R., Thomas, A. G. R., Warwick, J., and Zepf, M. Thu . "Experimental Signatures of the Quantum Nature of Radiation Reaction in the Field of an Ultraintense Laser". United States. https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevx.8.031004.
@article{osti_1459053,
title = {Experimental Signatures of the Quantum Nature of Radiation Reaction in the Field of an Ultraintense Laser},
author = {Poder, K. and Tamburini, M. and Sarri, G. and Di Piazza, A. and Kuschel, S. and Baird, C. D. and Behm, K. and Bohlen, S. and Cole, J. M. and Corvan, D. J. and Duff, M. and Gerstmayr, E. and Keitel, C. H. and Krushelnick, K. and Mangles, S. P. D. and McKenna, P. and Murphy, C. D. and Najmudin, Z. and Ridgers, C. P. and Samarin, G. M. and Symes, D. R. and Thomas, A. G. R. and Warwick, J. and Zepf, M.},
abstractNote = {The description of the dynamics of an electron in an external electromagnetic field of arbitrary intensity is one of the most fundamental outstanding problems in electrodynamics. Remarkably, to date, there is no unanimously accepted theoretical solution for ultrahigh intensities and little or no experimental data. The basic challenge is the inclusion of the self-interaction of the electron with the field emitted by the electron itself—the so-called radiation reaction force. We report here on the experimental evidence of strong radiation reaction, in an all-optical experiment, during the propagation of highly relativistic electrons (maximum energy exceeding 2 GeV) through the field of an ultraintense laser (peak intensity of 4 × 1020 W / cm2). In their own rest frame, the highest-energy electrons experience an electric field as high as one quarter of the critical field of quantum electrodynamics and are seen to lose up to 30% of their kinetic energy during the propagation through the laser field. The experimental data show signatures of quantum effects in the electron dynamics in the external laser field, potentially showing departures from the constant cross field approximation.},
doi = {10.1103/physrevx.8.031004},
journal = {Physical Review. X},
number = 3,
volume = 8,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {7}
}

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https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevx.8.031004

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