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Title: Precision Electron Beam Polarimetry for Next Generation Nuclear Physics Experiments

Abstract

Polarized electron beams have played an important role in scattering experiments at moderate to high beam energies. Historically, these experiments have been primarily targeted at studying hadronic structure - from the quark contribution to the spin structure of protons and neutrons, to nucleon elastic form factors, as well as contributions to these elastic form factors from (strange) sea quarks. Other experiments have aimed to place constraints on new physics beyond the Standard Model. For most experiments, knowledge of the magnitude of the electron beam polarization has not been a limiting systematic uncertainty, with only moderately precise beam polarimetry requirements. However, a new generation of experiments will require extremely precise measurements of the beam polarization, significantly better than 1%. This article will review standard electron beam polarimetry techniques and possible future technologies, with an emphasis on the ever-improving precision that is being driven by the requirements of electron scattering experiments.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3]
  1. Johannes Gutenberg Univ., Mainz (Germany)
  2. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
OSTI Identifier:
1458439
Report Number(s):
JLAB-PHY-18-2612; DOE/OR/23177-4300
Journal ID: ISSN 0218-3013; TRN: US1901428
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-06OR23177
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Modern Physics E
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 27; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0218-3013
Publisher:
World Scientific
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Aulenbacher, Kurt, Chudakov, Eugene, Gaskell, David, Grames, Joseph, and Paschke, Kent D. Precision Electron Beam Polarimetry for Next Generation Nuclear Physics Experiments. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1142/S0218301318300047.
Aulenbacher, Kurt, Chudakov, Eugene, Gaskell, David, Grames, Joseph, & Paschke, Kent D. Precision Electron Beam Polarimetry for Next Generation Nuclear Physics Experiments. United States. doi:10.1142/S0218301318300047.
Aulenbacher, Kurt, Chudakov, Eugene, Gaskell, David, Grames, Joseph, and Paschke, Kent D. Wed . "Precision Electron Beam Polarimetry for Next Generation Nuclear Physics Experiments". United States. doi:10.1142/S0218301318300047. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1458439.
@article{osti_1458439,
title = {Precision Electron Beam Polarimetry for Next Generation Nuclear Physics Experiments},
author = {Aulenbacher, Kurt and Chudakov, Eugene and Gaskell, David and Grames, Joseph and Paschke, Kent D.},
abstractNote = {Polarized electron beams have played an important role in scattering experiments at moderate to high beam energies. Historically, these experiments have been primarily targeted at studying hadronic structure - from the quark contribution to the spin structure of protons and neutrons, to nucleon elastic form factors, as well as contributions to these elastic form factors from (strange) sea quarks. Other experiments have aimed to place constraints on new physics beyond the Standard Model. For most experiments, knowledge of the magnitude of the electron beam polarization has not been a limiting systematic uncertainty, with only moderately precise beam polarimetry requirements. However, a new generation of experiments will require extremely precise measurements of the beam polarization, significantly better than 1%. This article will review standard electron beam polarimetry techniques and possible future technologies, with an emphasis on the ever-improving precision that is being driven by the requirements of electron scattering experiments.},
doi = {10.1142/S0218301318300047},
journal = {International Journal of Modern Physics E},
number = 7,
volume = 27,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {6}
}

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Free Publicly Available Full Text
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Cited by: 1 work
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    Works referencing / citing this record:

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    journal, January 1932


    Elastic scattering of relativistic electrons by screened atomic nuclei
    journal, July 1963


    The Compton effect on relativistic electrons and the possibility of obtaining high energy beams
    journal, April 1963


    e+e− polarimetry at LEP
    journal, January 1989

    • Placidi, M.; Rossmanith, R.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 274, Issue 1-2
    • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(89)90367-7

    The intra-atomic motion of bound electrons as a possible source of the systematic error in electron beam polarization measurements by means of a Möller polarimeter
    journal, July 1994

    • Levchuk, L. G.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 345, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(94)90505-3

    High spin polarization at the HERA electron storage ring
    journal, January 1994

    • Barber, D. P.; Böge, M.; Böttcher, H.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 338, Issue 2-3
    • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(94)91311-0

    Measurement of the polarization of a pulsed electron beam with a Møller polarimeter in the coincidence mode
    journal, July 1995

    • Beard, K. B.; Madey, R.; Zhang, W. -M
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 361, Issue 1-2
    • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(95)00144-1

    Observation of target electron momentum effects in single-arm Møller polarimetry
    journal, September 1995

    • Swartz, M.; Band, H. R.; Decker, F. J.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 363, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1016/0168-9002(95)00384-3

    Parity non-conservation in inelastic electron scattering
    journal, August 1978


    A high precision measurement of the υ-meson mass
    journal, December 1982


    Nuclear size effects in the polarization of elastically scattered electrons
    journal, December 1970


    The GDH-Møller-Polarimeter at ELSA
    journal, March 2004

    • Speckner, T.; Anton, G.; von Drachenfels, W.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 519, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2003.11.016

    First attempt of the measurement of the beam polarization at an accelerator with the optical electron polarimeter POLO
    journal, December 2004

    • Collin, B.; Arianer, J.; Essabaa, S.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 534, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2004.06.180

    Accurate measurement of the electron beam polarization in JLab Hall A using Compton polarimetry
    journal, October 2005

    • Escoffier, S.; Bertin, P. Y.; Brossard, M.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 551, Issue 2-3
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2005.05.067

    A low-voltage retarding-field Mott polarimeter for photocathode characterization
    journal, June 2010

    • McCarter, J. L.; Stutzman, M. L.; Trantham, K. W.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 618, Issue 1-3
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2010.02.123

    An LED pulser for measuring photomultiplier linearity
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    • Friend, M.; Franklin, G. B.; Quinn, B.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 676
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.02.015

    Upgraded photon calorimeter with integrating readout for the Hall A Compton polarimeter at Jefferson Lab
    journal, June 2012

    • Friend, M.; Parno, D.; Benmokhtar, F.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 676
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2012.02.041

    The Qweak experimental apparatus
    journal, May 2015

    • Allison, T.; Anderson, M.; Androić, D.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 781
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2015.01.023

    A high-finesse Fabry–Perot cavity with a frequency-doubled green laser for precision Compton polarimetry at Jefferson Lab
    journal, June 2016

    • Rakhman, A.; Hafez, M.; Nanda, S.
    • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 822
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2016.03.085

    A novel comparison of Møller and Compton electron-beam polarimeters
    journal, March 2017


    The sample experiment and weak nucleon structure
    journal, March 2005

    • Beise, E. J.; Pitt, M. L.; Spayde, D. T.
    • Progress in Particle and Nuclear Physics, Vol. 54, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1016/j.ppnp.2004.07.002

    The Compton backscattering polarimeter of the A4 experiment
    journal, July 2005


    Strange nucleon form-factors
    journal, July 2017


    New method for accurate calibration of an electron‐spin polarimeter
    journal, January 1988

    • Hopster, H.; Abraham, D. L.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 59, Issue 1
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    Elimination of instrumental asymmetries in electron polarization analysis
    journal, November 1990

    • Gellrich, A.; Jost, K.; Kessler, J.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 61, Issue 11
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    Mott electron polarimetry
    journal, February 1992

    • Gay, T. J.; Dunning, F. B.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 63, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1143371

    Calibration of a Mott electron polarimeter: Comparison of different methods
    journal, April 1993

    • Mayer, S.; Fischer, T.; Blaschke, W.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 64, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1144148

    Monte Carlo calculations for the design of Mott scattering spin polarimeters
    journal, November 1997

    • Qiao, S.; Kakizaki, A.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 68, Issue 11
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1148381

    MeV Mott Polarimetry at Jefferson Lab
    conference, January 2001

    • Steigerwald, M.
    • The fourteenth international spin physics symposium, SPIN2000, AIP Conference Proceedings
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1384229

    New compact classical 40 kV Mott polarimeter
    journal, March 2003

    • Petrov, V. N.; Grebenshikov, V. V.; Grachev, B. D.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 74, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1535736

    The MIT-Bates Compton Polarimeter
    conference, January 2003

    • Franklin, W. A.
    • SPIN 2002: 15th International Spin Physics Symposium and Workshop on Polarized Electron Sources and Polarimeters, AIP Conference Proceedings
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.1607296

    Compact retarding-potential Mott polarimeter
    journal, February 2007

    • Neufeld, D. D.; Aliabadi, H.; Dunning, F. B.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 78, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.2536677

    Spin‐waves in nickel, iron, and yttrium‐iron garnet
    journal, March 1982

    • Pauthenet, R.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 53, Issue 3
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    Iron and nickel as magnetization standards
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    • Graham, C. D.
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 53, Issue 3
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    A Mott polarimeter operating at MeV electron beam energies
    journal, March 2011

    • Tioukine, V.; Aulenbacher, K.; Riehn, E.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 82, Issue 3
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.3556593

    Compact inline optical electron polarimeter
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    • Pirbhai, M.; Ryan, D. M.; Richards, G.
    • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 84, Issue 5
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4807745

    The MESA polarimetry chain and the status of its double scattering polarimeter
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    • Aulenbacher, K.; Bartolomé, P. Aguar; Molitor, M.
    • WORKSHOP TO EXPLORE PHYSICS OPPORTUNITIES WITH INTENSE, POLARIZED ELECTRON BEAMS AT 50-300 MEV, AIP Conference Proceedings
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4829421

    A simple optical electron polarimeter
    journal, September 1983


    The QED lowest-order radiative corrections to the two polarized identical fermion scattering
    journal, January 2000

    • Shumeiko, N. M.; Suarez, J. G.
    • Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics, Vol. 26, Issue 2
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    The Scattering of Fast Electrons by Atomic Nuclei
    journal, June 1929

    • Mott, N. F.
    • Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, Vol. 124, Issue 794
    • DOI: 10.1098/rspa.1929.0127

    Laser Compton polarimetry at JLab and MAMI: A status report
    journal, June 2007


    The structure of the nucleon: Elastic electromagnetic form factors
    journal, July 2015


    Electron-Ion Collider: The next QCD frontier: Understanding the glue that binds us all
    journal, September 2016


    Møller polarimetry with atomic hydrogen targets
    journal, February 2005


    The MAMI C accelerator: The beauty of normal conducting multi-turn recirculators
    journal, September 2011

    • Dehn, M.; Aulenbacher, K.; Heine, R.
    • The European Physical Journal Special Topics, Vol. 198, Issue 1
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