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Title: Predicting the thermodynamic stability of double-perovskite halides from density functional theory

Recently, a series of double-perovskite halide compounds such as Cs 2AgBiCl 6 and Cs 2AgBiBr 6 have attracted intensive interest as promising alternatives to the solar absorber material CH 3NH 3PbI 3 because they are Pb-free and may exhibit enhanced stability. The thermodynamic stability of a number of double-perovskite halides has been predicted based on density functional theory (DFT) calculations of compound formation energies. In this paper, we found that the stability prediction can be dependent on the approximations used for the exchange-correlation functionals, e.g., the DFT calculations using the widely used Perdew, Burke, Ernzerhof (PBE) functional predict that Cs 2AgBiBr 6 is thermodynamically unstable against phase-separation into the competing phases such as AgBr, Cs 2AgBr 3, Cs 3Bi 2Br 9, etc., obviously inconsistent with the good stability observed experimentally. The incorrect prediction by the PBE calculation results from its failure to predict the correct ground-state structures of AgBr, AgCl, and CsCl. By contrast, the DFT calculations based on local density approximation, optB86b-vdW, and optB88-vdW functionals predict the ground-state structures of these binary halides correctly. Furthermore, the optB88-vdW functional is found to give the most accurate description of the lattice constants of the double-perovskite halides and their competing phases. Givenmore » these two aspects, we suggest that the optB88-vdW functional should be used for predicting thermodynamic stability in the future high-throughput computational material design or the construction of the Materials Genome database for new double-perovskite halides. As a result, using different exchange-correlation functionals has little influence on the dispersion of the conduction and the valence bands near the electronic bandgap; however, the calculated bandgap can be affected indirectly by the optimized lattice constant, which varies for different functionals.« less
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  1. East China Normal Univ., Shanghai (China)
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. East China Normal Univ., Shanghai (China); Shanxi Univ., Shanxi (China)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
APL Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 8; Journal ID: ISSN 2166-532X
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: