skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: First Limit on the Direct Detection of Lightly Ionizing Particles for Electric Charge as Low as e / 1000 with the Majorana Demonstrator

Abstract

The Majorana Demonstrator is an ultralow-background experiment searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay in 76Ge. The heavily shielded array of germanium detectors, placed nearly a mile underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota, also allows searches for new exotic physics. Free, relativistic, lightly ionizing particles with an electrical charge less than e are forbidden by the standard model but predicted by some of its extensions. If such particles exist, they might be detected in the Majorana Demonstrator by searching for multiple-detector events with individual-detector energy depositions down to 1 keV. This search is background-free, and no candidate events have been found in 285 days of data taking. As a result, new direct-detection limits are set for the flux of lightly ionizing particles for charges as low as e/1000.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; more »; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; « less
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States); Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Contributing Org.:
Majorana Collaboration; Majorana Collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1439126
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1441215; OSTI ID: 1454386; OSTI ID: 1460333; OSTI ID: 1463493
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-132160; LA-UR-18-21217
Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007; PRLTAO; TRN: US1900879
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-05CH11231; AC05-00OR22725; AC05-76RL0130; AC52-06NA25396; FG02-97ER41020; FG02-97ER41033; FG02-97ER41041; SC0010254; SC0012612; SC0014445; SC0018060; MRI-0923142; PHY-1003399; PHY-1102292; PHY-1206314; PHY-1614611; 15-02-02919; SAPIN-2017-00023
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Physical Review Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 21; Journal ID: ISSN 0031-9007
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS

Citation Formats

Alvis, S. I., Arnquist, I. J., Avignone, F. T., Barabash, A. S., Barton, C. J., Bertrand, F. E., Brudanin, V., Busch, M., Buuck, M., Caldwell, T. S., Chan, Y-D., Christofferson, C. D., Chu, P. -H., Cuesta, C., Detwiler, J. A., Dunagan, C., Efremenko, Yu., Ejiri, H., Elliott, S. R., Gilliss, T., Giovanetti, G. K., Green, M. P., Gruszko, J., Guinn, I. S., Guiseppe, V. E., Haufe, C. R., Hehn, L., Henning, R., Hoppe, E. W., Howe, M. A., Konovalov, S. I., Kouzes, R. T., Lopez, A. M., Martin, R. D., Massarczyk, R., Meijer, S. J., Mertens, S., Myslik, J., O’Shaughnessy, C., Othman, G., Pettus, W., Poon, A. W. P., Radford, D. C., Rager, J., Reine, A. L., Rielage, K., Robertson, R. G. H., Ruof, N. W., Shanks, B., Shirchenko, M., Suriano, A. M., Tedeschi, D., Varner, R. L., Vasilyev, S., Vorren, K., White, B. R., Wilkerson, J. F., Wiseman, C., Xu, W., Yakushev, E., Yu, C. -H., Yumatov, V., Zhitnikov, I., and Zhu, B. X. First Limit on the Direct Detection of Lightly Ionizing Particles for Electric Charge as Low as e/1000 with the Majorana Demonstrator. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.211804.
Alvis, S. I., Arnquist, I. J., Avignone, F. T., Barabash, A. S., Barton, C. J., Bertrand, F. E., Brudanin, V., Busch, M., Buuck, M., Caldwell, T. S., Chan, Y-D., Christofferson, C. D., Chu, P. -H., Cuesta, C., Detwiler, J. A., Dunagan, C., Efremenko, Yu., Ejiri, H., Elliott, S. R., Gilliss, T., Giovanetti, G. K., Green, M. P., Gruszko, J., Guinn, I. S., Guiseppe, V. E., Haufe, C. R., Hehn, L., Henning, R., Hoppe, E. W., Howe, M. A., Konovalov, S. I., Kouzes, R. T., Lopez, A. M., Martin, R. D., Massarczyk, R., Meijer, S. J., Mertens, S., Myslik, J., O’Shaughnessy, C., Othman, G., Pettus, W., Poon, A. W. P., Radford, D. C., Rager, J., Reine, A. L., Rielage, K., Robertson, R. G. H., Ruof, N. W., Shanks, B., Shirchenko, M., Suriano, A. M., Tedeschi, D., Varner, R. L., Vasilyev, S., Vorren, K., White, B. R., Wilkerson, J. F., Wiseman, C., Xu, W., Yakushev, E., Yu, C. -H., Yumatov, V., Zhitnikov, I., & Zhu, B. X. First Limit on the Direct Detection of Lightly Ionizing Particles for Electric Charge as Low as e/1000 with the Majorana Demonstrator. United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.211804.
Alvis, S. I., Arnquist, I. J., Avignone, F. T., Barabash, A. S., Barton, C. J., Bertrand, F. E., Brudanin, V., Busch, M., Buuck, M., Caldwell, T. S., Chan, Y-D., Christofferson, C. D., Chu, P. -H., Cuesta, C., Detwiler, J. A., Dunagan, C., Efremenko, Yu., Ejiri, H., Elliott, S. R., Gilliss, T., Giovanetti, G. K., Green, M. P., Gruszko, J., Guinn, I. S., Guiseppe, V. E., Haufe, C. R., Hehn, L., Henning, R., Hoppe, E. W., Howe, M. A., Konovalov, S. I., Kouzes, R. T., Lopez, A. M., Martin, R. D., Massarczyk, R., Meijer, S. J., Mertens, S., Myslik, J., O’Shaughnessy, C., Othman, G., Pettus, W., Poon, A. W. P., Radford, D. C., Rager, J., Reine, A. L., Rielage, K., Robertson, R. G. H., Ruof, N. W., Shanks, B., Shirchenko, M., Suriano, A. M., Tedeschi, D., Varner, R. L., Vasilyev, S., Vorren, K., White, B. R., Wilkerson, J. F., Wiseman, C., Xu, W., Yakushev, E., Yu, C. -H., Yumatov, V., Zhitnikov, I., and Zhu, B. X. Fri . "First Limit on the Direct Detection of Lightly Ionizing Particles for Electric Charge as Low as e/1000 with the Majorana Demonstrator". United States. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.211804.
@article{osti_1439126,
title = {First Limit on the Direct Detection of Lightly Ionizing Particles for Electric Charge as Low as e/1000 with the Majorana Demonstrator},
author = {Alvis, S. I. and Arnquist, I. J. and Avignone, F. T. and Barabash, A. S. and Barton, C. J. and Bertrand, F. E. and Brudanin, V. and Busch, M. and Buuck, M. and Caldwell, T. S. and Chan, Y-D. and Christofferson, C. D. and Chu, P. -H. and Cuesta, C. and Detwiler, J. A. and Dunagan, C. and Efremenko, Yu. and Ejiri, H. and Elliott, S. R. and Gilliss, T. and Giovanetti, G. K. and Green, M. P. and Gruszko, J. and Guinn, I. S. and Guiseppe, V. E. and Haufe, C. R. and Hehn, L. and Henning, R. and Hoppe, E. W. and Howe, M. A. and Konovalov, S. I. and Kouzes, R. T. and Lopez, A. M. and Martin, R. D. and Massarczyk, R. and Meijer, S. J. and Mertens, S. and Myslik, J. and O’Shaughnessy, C. and Othman, G. and Pettus, W. and Poon, A. W. P. and Radford, D. C. and Rager, J. and Reine, A. L. and Rielage, K. and Robertson, R. G. H. and Ruof, N. W. and Shanks, B. and Shirchenko, M. and Suriano, A. M. and Tedeschi, D. and Varner, R. L. and Vasilyev, S. and Vorren, K. and White, B. R. and Wilkerson, J. F. and Wiseman, C. and Xu, W. and Yakushev, E. and Yu, C. -H. and Yumatov, V. and Zhitnikov, I. and Zhu, B. X.},
abstractNote = {The Majorana Demonstrator is an ultralow-background experiment searching for neutrinoless double-beta decay in 76Ge. The heavily shielded array of germanium detectors, placed nearly a mile underground at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in Lead, South Dakota, also allows searches for new exotic physics. Free, relativistic, lightly ionizing particles with an electrical charge less than e are forbidden by the standard model but predicted by some of its extensions. If such particles exist, they might be detected in the Majorana Demonstrator by searching for multiple-detector events with individual-detector energy depositions down to 1 keV. This search is background-free, and no candidate events have been found in 285 days of data taking. As a result, new direct-detection limits are set for the flux of lightly ionizing particles for charges as low as e/1000.},
doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.211804},
journal = {Physical Review Letters},
number = 21,
volume = 120,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {5}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.120.211804

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 4 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

MaGe: a Monte Carlo framework for the Gerda and Majorana double beta decay experiments
journal, May 2006


Limits on the production of massive stable charged particles
journal, September 1992


Search for Millicharged Particles at SLAC
journal, August 1998


Search for fractionally charged particles in Kamiokande II
journal, May 1991


Limits on millicharged matter from beam-dump experiments
journal, January 1987


Minicharged particles from the Sun: a cutting-edge bound
journal, March 2016


The MAJORANA DEMONSTRATOR Neutrinoless Double-Beta Decay Experiment
journal, January 2014

  • Abgrall, N.; Aguayo, E.; Avignone, F. T.
  • Advances in High Energy Physics, Vol. 2014
  • DOI: 10.1155/2014/365432

Dark cosmic rays
journal, May 2017


First Direct Limits on Lightly Ionizing Particles with Electric Charge Less than e / 6
journal, March 2015


Relic abundance of MeV millicharged particles
journal, April 2017

  • Dolgov, A. D.; Rudenko, A. S.
  • Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics, Vol. 124, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1134/S1063776117030116

Search for Millicharged Particles Using Optically Levitated Microspheres
journal, December 2014


New Limits on Bosonic Dark Matter, Solar Axions, Pauli Exclusion Principle Violation, and Electron Decay from the Majorana Demonstrator
journal, April 2017


Astrophysical constraints on mini-charged particles
journal, September 1990


Relativistic Charged Particle Identification by Energy Loss
journal, December 1980


Observation of Fractional Charge of ( 1 3 ) e on Matter
journal, April 1981

  • LaRue, George S.; Phillips, James D.; Fairbank, William M.
  • Physical Review Letters, Vol. 46, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.46.967

A search for fractional electric charge on levitated niobium spheres
journal, March 1985


Search for Neutrinoless Double- β Decay in Ge 76 with the Majorana Demonstrator
journal, March 2018


Improved limit on invisible decays of positronium
journal, February 2007


Dark matter and spin-1 milli-charged particles
journal, August 2015

  • Gabrielli, Emidio; Marzola, Luca; Raidal, Martti
  • Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2015, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1007/JHEP08(2015)150

Search for Free Fractional Electric Charge Elementary Particles Using an Automated Millikan Oil Drop Technique
journal, March 2000


Large-mass ultralow noise germanium detectors: performance and applications in neutrino and astroparticle physics
journal, September 2007

  • Barbeau, P. S.; Collar, J. I.; Tench, O.
  • Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, Vol. 2007, Issue 09
  • DOI: 10.1088/1475-7516/2007/09/009

Electric charge quantization in string theory
journal, March 1990


Limits on particles of small electric charge
journal, April 1991


Search for fractionally charged particles in p p collisions at s = 7 TeV
journal, May 2013


Composite millicharged dark matter
journal, July 2013


Search for Long-Lived Charged Massive Particles in p p ¯ Collisions at s = 1.8     T e V
journal, March 2003


Cosmological bounds on the “millicharges” of mirror particles
journal, November 2009


Scattering of dark particles with light mediators
journal, December 2014


Search for fractionally charged particles in the Mont Blanc LSD scintillation detector
journal, February 1994


Quantization of electric charge from anomaly constraints and a Majorana neutrino
journal, January 1990


Low capacitance large volume shaped-field germanium detector
journal, January 1989

  • Luke, P. N.; Goulding, F. S.; Madden, N. W.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 36, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/23.34577

Constraints on millicharged neutrinos via analysis of data from atomic ionizations with germanium detectors at sub-keV sensitivities
journal, July 2014


Searches for Fractionally Charged Particles
journal, November 2009


Search for lightly ionizing particles with the MACRO detector
journal, August 2000


Constraints on millicharged particles by neutron stars
journal, June 2015


A Pulse Shape Analysis technique for the MAJORANA experiment
journal, February 2011

  • Cooper, R. J.; Radford, D. C.; Lagergren, K.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 629, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2010.11.029

Hubble diagram as a probe of minicharged particles
journal, July 2009


Updated bounds on milli-charged particles
journal, May 2000


Search for stable and long-lived massive charged particles in e+e− collisions at s=130–209 GeV
journal, October 2003


Search for Fractional-Charge Particles in Meteoritic Material
journal, October 2007


Lamb shift contribution of very light charged particles
journal, November 2007


MaGe-a Geant4-Based Monte Carlo Application Framework for Low-Background Germanium Experiments
journal, June 2011

  • Boswell, Melissa; Chan, Yuen-Dat; Detwiler, Jason A.
  • IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 58, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1109/TNS.2011.2144619

Dark radiation constraints on minicharged particles in models with a hidden photon
journal, February 2014


Looking for milli-charged particles with a new experiment at the LHC
journal, June 2015


A method to improve tracking and particle identification in TPCs and silicon detectors
journal, June 2006

  • Bichsel, Hans
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 562, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.nima.2006.03.009

Experimental limits on the production of fractionally charged particles in proton-nucleus and neutrino-nucleus collisions
journal, September 1984

  • Bergsma, F.; Dorenbosch, J.; Jonker, M.
  • Zeitschrift f�r Physik C: Particles and Fields, Vol. 24, Issue 3-4
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01410361

New limit on millicharged particles from reactor neutrino experiments and the PVLAS anomaly
journal, April 2007


LHC probes the hidden sector
journal, September 2013

  • Jaeckel, Joerg; Jankowiak, Martin; Spannowsky, Michael
  • Physics of the Dark Universe, Vol. 2, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.dark.2013.06.001

Electrical neutrality of atoms and grand unification models
journal, April 1984


Magnetic Monopoles in Grand Unified Theories
journal, July 1980


Search for particles with unexpected mass and charge in Z decays
journal, April 1993


Millicharged particles
journal, August 1990


Straggling in thin silicon detectors
journal, July 1988


Charged Neutrinos?
journal, January 1990


Detecting dark matter through dark photons from the Sun: Charged particle signatures
journal, June 2016


Search for stable heavy charged particles in e+e− collisions at , 161 and 172 GeV
journal, March 1997


Search for heavy charged particles and for particles with anomalous charge in e+e− collisions at LEP
journal, June 1995

  • Akers, R.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.
  • Zeitschrift für Physik C Particles and Fields, Vol. 67, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1007/BF01571281

Geant4—a simulation toolkit
journal, July 2003

  • Agostinelli, S.; Allison, J.; Amako, K.
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, Vol. 506, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1016/S0168-9002(03)01368-8

Late time CMB anisotropies constrain mini-charged particles
journal, November 2009


Search for fractionally charged nuclear fragments in relativistic heavy ion collisions
journal, January 1996


A search for free quarks in deep inelastic muon scattering
journal, December 1983


Millicharged atomic dark matter
journal, May 2012


Two U(1)'s and ϵ charge shifts
journal, January 1986


Electric and magnetic charges in superstring models
journal, January 1985


Is the electric charge conserved?
journal, July 1979


Narrowing the window for millicharged particles by CMB anisotropy
journal, January 2004

  • Dubovsky, S. L.; Gorbunov, D. S.; Rubtsov, G. I.
  • Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics Letters, Vol. 79, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1134/1.1675909

Unified approach to the classical statistical analysis of small signals
journal, April 1998


The Sanford Underground Research Facility at Homestake
journal, May 2015