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Title: Optical spectroscopy of laser-produced plasmas for standoff isotopic analysis

Abstract

This review article covers the present status of isotope detection through emission, absorption, and fluorescence spectroscopy of atoms and molecules in a laser-produced plasma formed from a solid sample. A description of the physics behind isotope shifts in atoms and molecules is presented, followed by the physics behind solid sampling of laser ablation plumes, optical methods for isotope measurements, the suitable physical conditions of laser-produced plasma plumes for isotopic analysis, and the current status. Lastly, concluding remarks will be made on the existing gaps between previous works in the literature and suggestions for future work.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1437537
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1434190; OSTI ID: 1513207
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-130702
Journal ID: ISSN 1931-9401; DN2001000; TRN: US1900331
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1931-9401
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Isotope shifts; Laser-induced breakdown; Optical Sensing; Plasma Diagnostics; Fluorescence; Spectroscopy

Citation Formats

Harilal, S. S., Brumfield, B. E., LaHaye, N. L., Hartig, K. C., and Phillips, M. C. Optical spectroscopy of laser-produced plasmas for standoff isotopic analysis. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. doi:10.1063/1.5016053.
Harilal, S. S., Brumfield, B. E., LaHaye, N. L., Hartig, K. C., & Phillips, M. C. Optical spectroscopy of laser-produced plasmas for standoff isotopic analysis. United States. doi:10.1063/1.5016053.
Harilal, S. S., Brumfield, B. E., LaHaye, N. L., Hartig, K. C., and Phillips, M. C. Fri . "Optical spectroscopy of laser-produced plasmas for standoff isotopic analysis". United States. doi:10.1063/1.5016053. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1437537.
@article{osti_1437537,
title = {Optical spectroscopy of laser-produced plasmas for standoff isotopic analysis},
author = {Harilal, S. S. and Brumfield, B. E. and LaHaye, N. L. and Hartig, K. C. and Phillips, M. C.},
abstractNote = {This review article covers the present status of isotope detection through emission, absorption, and fluorescence spectroscopy of atoms and molecules in a laser-produced plasma formed from a solid sample. A description of the physics behind isotope shifts in atoms and molecules is presented, followed by the physics behind solid sampling of laser ablation plumes, optical methods for isotope measurements, the suitable physical conditions of laser-produced plasma plumes for isotopic analysis, and the current status. Lastly, concluding remarks will be made on the existing gaps between previous works in the literature and suggestions for future work.},
doi = {10.1063/1.5016053},
journal = {Applied Physics Reviews},
number = 2,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}

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Cited by: 13 works
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Time-resolved emission from laser-ablated uranium
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Effect of Pulse Delay Time on a Pre-Ablation Dual-Pulse LIBS Plasma
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Determination of the Geographic Origin of Rice by Chemometrics with Strontium and Lead Isotope Ratios and Multielement Concentrations
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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Mars surface analysis: capabilities at stand-off distances and detection of chlorine and sulfur elements
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Energy levels of neutral atomic uranium (Ui)
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Analysis of geological materials containing uranium using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
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High-resolution triple-resonance autoionization of uranium isotopes
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The role of spatial confinement for improvement of laser-induced Mg plasma parameters and growth of surface features
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Influence of ambient gas on the temperature and density of laser produced carbon plasma
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Two-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy of laser-produced plasmas
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Water isotope ratio ( δ 2 H and δ 18 O) measurements in atmospheric moisture using an optical feedback cavity enhanced absorption laser spectrometer
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Matrix effects in laser ablation molecular isotopic spectrometry
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The effect of ambient pressure on laser-induced silicon plasma temperature, density and morphology
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Production and laser-induced fluorescence spectrum of aluminum sulfide
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Angular emission of ions and mass deposition from femtosecond and nanosecond laser-produced plasmas
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The ChemCam Instrument Suite on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Rover: Body Unit and Combined System Tests
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U–Th–Pb zircon geochronology by ID-TIMS, SIMS, and laser ablation ICP-MS: Recipes, interpretations, and opportunities
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Standoff Detection of Uranium and its Isotopes by Femtosecond Filament Laser Ablation Molecular Isotopic Spectrometry
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Stable-Carbon Isotope Ratios as a Measure of Marine Versus Terrestrial Protein in Ancient Diets
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Forensic analysis of explosives using isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) — Discrimination of ammonium nitrate sources
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The Influence of spot size on the expansion dynamics of nanosecond-laser-produced copper plasmas in atmosphere
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Vacuum-UV absorption spectrum of a laser-produced chromium plasma: 3p-subshell photoabsorption by Cr 2+ ions
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Formation and laser-induced-fluorescence study of SiO+ ions produced by laser ablation of Si in oxygen gas
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Ablation plume structure and dynamics in ambient gas observed by laser-induced fluorescence imaging spectroscopy
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Laser continuum source atomic absorption spectroscopy: Measuring the ground state with nanosecond resolution in laser-induced plasmas
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Spectroscopic study of a lead plasma produced by the 1064nm, 532nm and 355nm of a Nd:YAG laser
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Analysis of heavy metals in soils using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry combined with laser-induced fluorescence
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A cross-calibration of chlorine isotopic measurements and suitability of seawater as the international reference material
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Propagation distance-resolved characteristics of filament-induced copper plasma
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Detection of carcinogenic metals in kidney stones using ultraviolet laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
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Quantitative micro-analysis by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: a review of the experimental approaches
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Spatial and temporal mapping of Al and AlO during oxidation in pulsed laser ablation of LaAlO 3
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Microseparations of cesium and barium in glass
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Laser ablation absorption spectroscopy for isotopic analysis of plutonium: Spectroscopic properties and analytical performance
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Ablation of solids by femtosecond lasers: Ablation mechanism and ablation thresholds for metals and dielectrics
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Stand-off filament-induced ablation of gallium arsenide
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Laser excited atomic fluorescence spectrometry — a review
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High-precision measurement of ^235U ground-state hyperfine structure by laser-rf double resonance
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How Accurately Can We Date the Duration of Magmatic-Hydrothermal Events in Porphyry Systems?--An Invited Paper
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Role of spectroscopic diagnostics in studying nanosecond laser-plasma interaction
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Femtosecond filamentation in transparent media
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Shock Wave Mediated Plume Chemistry for Molecular Formation in Laser Ablation Plasmas
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The mechanism of ArF laser-induced fluorescence of dense plume matter
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Sensing Signatures Mediated by Chemical Structure of Molecular Solids in Laser-Induced Plasmas
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Double pulse laser ablation and plasma: Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy signal enhancement
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Electron density and temperature measurements in a laser produced carbon plasma
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Trace element laser microanalyzer with freedom from chemical matrix effect
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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy in open-path configuration for the analysis of distant objects
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Organic matter removal for the analysis of carbon and oxygen isotope compositions of siderite
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Mid-IR enhanced laser ablation molecular isotopic spectrometry
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Comparison of Continuous Core Profiles and Monitoring Wells for Assessing Groundwater Contamination by Agricultural Nitrate
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Picosecond and femtosecond pulsed laser ablation and deposition of quasicrystals
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Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for determination of uranium in thorium–uranium mixed oxide fuel materials
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Study on the effect of beam propagation through atmospheric turbulence on standoff nanosecond laser induced breakdown spectroscopy measurements
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Investigation of resonance-enhanced laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for analysis of aluminium alloys
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Design, construction and assessment of a field-deployable laser-induced breakdown spectrometer for remote elemental sensing
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Effect of Sampling Geometry on Elemental Emissions in Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
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Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air
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Determination of lead in metallic reference materials by laser ablation combined with laser excited atomic fluorescence
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The development of fieldable laser-induced breakdown spectrometer: No limits on the horizon
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Calculation of elemental columnar density from self-absorbed lines in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy: A resource for quantitative analysis
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Review of LIBS application in nuclear fusion technology
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The role of continuum radiation in laser induced plasma spectroscopy
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The Analysis of Metals at a Distance Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
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Optically Turbulent Femtosecond Light Guide in Air
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Consequences of femtosecond laser filament generation conditions in standoff laser induced breakdown spectroscopy
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Laser Ablation Molecular Isotopic Spectrometry for Molecules Formation Chemistry in Femtosecond-Laser Ablated Plasmas
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High-precision measurement of the hyperfine structure of the 620-cm^−1 metastable atomic level of ^235U by laser-rf double resonance
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Determination of the deuterium/hydrogen ratio in gas reaction products by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
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Rolling Out Revolution: Using Radiocarbon Dating in Archaeology
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Experimental Stark Widths and Shifts for Spectral Lines of Neutral and Ionized Atoms (A Critical Review of Selected Data for the Period 1989 Through 2000)
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Measurement of uranium isotope ratios in solid samples using laser ablation and diode laser-excited atomic fluorescence spectrometry
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Isotopic abundance determination by inductively coupled plasma high- resolution laser excited atomic and ionic fluorescence spectroscopy
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Discriminating crude oil grades using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
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Expansion dynamics of laser ablated carbon plasma plume in helium ambient
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Laser ablation molecular isotopic spectrometry (LAMIS): current state of the art
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Energy levels and isotope shifts for singly ionized uranium (U II)
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Molecular formation in the stagnation region of colliding laser-produced plasmas
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Boron isotopic measurements from spectrally filtered non-gated molecular spectra induced by laser ablation
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Evaluation of a compact high power pulsed fiber laser source for laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
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Detection of deuterium retention by LIBS at different background pressures
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Characterization of laser induced plasmas by optical emission spectroscopy: A review of experiments and methods
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Development of laser-based diagnostics for surface characterisation of wall components in fusion devices
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Atomic spectrometry update: Review of advances in the analysis of clinical and biological materials, foods and beverages
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A comparison of nanosecond and femtosecond laser-induced plasma spectroscopy of brass samples
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Pressure broadening and collisional shift of the Rb D2 absorption line by CH4, C2H6, C3H8, n-C4H10, and He
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Novel Applications of Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
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Gas‐phase oxidation of copper during laser ablation of YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7−δ in different oxidizing ambients
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Weathering and vegetation controls on nickel isotope fractionation in surface ultramafic environments (Albania)
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Ultrasensitive detection of trace amounts of lead in water by LIBS-LIF using a wood-slice substrate as a water absorber
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Influence of spot size on propagation dynamics of laser-produced tin plasma
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Temporal evolution of the laser-induced plasma generated by IR CO2 pulsed laser on carbon targets
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Kilometer range filamentation
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Temperature dependence of pressure broadening and shifts of acetylene at 1550 nm by He, Ne, and Ar
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Isotope ratio determination of uranium by optical emission spectroscopy on a laser-produced plasma - basic investigations and analytical results
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Long-range self-channeling of infrared laser pulses in air: a new propagation regime without ionization
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Formation of 238 U 16 O and 238 U 18 O observed by time-resolved emission spectroscopy subsequent to laser ablation
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Rubidium isotope measurements in solid samples by laser ablation-laser atomic absorption spectroscopy
journal, December 1999

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Dynamics of laser-ablated carbon plasma: formation of C_2 and CN
journal, January 2008


Absorption spectroscopy of uranium plasma for remote isotope analysis of next-generation nuclear fuel
journal, September 2012


Sulfur isotope analysis by MC-ICP-MS and application to small medical samples
journal, January 2016

  • Albalat, Emmanuelle; Telouk, Philippe; Balter, Vincent
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Temporal and spatial dynamics of laser-induced aluminum plasma in argon background at atmospheric pressure: Interplay with the ambient gas
journal, November 2010

  • Ma, Q. L.; Motto-Ros, V.; Lei, W. Q.
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Intense femtosecond pulse propagation with applications
conference, May 2006

  • Moloney, J. V.
  • High-Power Laser Ablation 2006, SPIE Proceedings
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Experimental scaling law for mass ablation rate from a Sn plasma generated by a 1064 nm laser
journal, August 2009

  • Burdt, Russell A.; Yuspeh, Sam; Sequoia, Kevin L.
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Comparison between geometrically focused pulses versus filaments in femtosecond laser ablation of steel and titanium alloys
journal, December 2013


Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy for detection of explosives residues: a review of recent advances, challenges, and future prospects
journal, May 2009

  • Gottfried, Jennifer L.; De Lucia, Frank C.; Munson, Chase A.
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Supersensitive detection of sodium in water with use of dual-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
journal, January 2003

  • Kuwako, Akira; Uchida, Yutaka; Maeda, Katsuji
  • Applied Optics, Vol. 42, Issue 30
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The effect of ambient pressure on laser-induced plasmas in air
journal, January 2007


Laser-induced optical breakdown spectroscopy of polymer materials based on evaluation of molecular emission bands
journal, March 2017

  • Trautner, Stefan; Jasik, Juraj; Parigger, Christian G.
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Dual-comb spectroscopy of laser-induced plasmas
journal, March 2018


Mass spectrometric analysis for nuclear safeguards
journal, January 2015

  • Boulyga, Sergei; Konegger-Kappel, Stefanie; Richter, Stephan
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Correction of the quenching effect in two-dimensional laser-induced fluorescence measurement of laser-ablation processes
journal, January 1999

  • Nakata, Yoshiki; Okada, Tatsuo; Maeda, Mitsuo
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Plume segregation observed in hydrogen and deuterium containing plasmas produced by laser ablation of carbon fiber tiles from a fusion reactor
journal, August 2010

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Hydrogen isotope detection in metal matrix using double-pulse laser-induced breakdown-spectroscopy
journal, March 2017

  • Fantoni, Roberta; Almaviva, Salvatore; Caneve, Luisa
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In situ Sr isotope measurement of small glass samples using multiple-Faraday collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with 10 12 Ω resistor high gain Faraday amplifiers
journal, January 2015

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Investigation of the interaction of a laser pulse with a preformed Gaussian Sn plume for an extreme ultraviolet lithography source
journal, January 2007

  • Tao, Y.; Tillack, M. S.; Harilal, S. S.
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Measurement Technique of Boron Isotopic Ratio by Laser-induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
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Discrimination of Composite Graphite Samples Using Remote Filament-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
journal, April 2009

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Isotope shifts and nuclear charge distributions
journal, January 1966


Detection of Lead in Water Using Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy and Laser-Induced Fluorescence
journal, March 2008

  • Lui, Siu L.; Godwal, Yogesh; Taschuk, Michael T.
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Recalibration of the Mars Science Laboratory ChemCam instrument with an expanded geochemical database
journal, March 2017

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Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy of major and minor oxides in steel slags: Influence of detection geometry and signal normalization
journal, August 2016

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Spectroscopic and shadowgraphic analysis of laser induced plasmas in the orthogonal double pulse pre-ablation configuration
journal, March 2006

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Determination of thorium and uranium in solution by laser-induced breakdown spectrometry
journal, January 2008

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Diagnostic of Laser-Induced Plasma Using Abel Inversion and Radiation Modeling
journal, August 2013

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Generation of nanoclusters by ultrafast laser ablation of Al: Molecular dynamics study
journal, November 2017


Plasma temperature clamping in filamentation laser induced breakdown spectroscopy
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Laser-induced fluorescence detection of lead atoms in a laser-induced plasma: An experimental analytical optimization study
journal, April 2009

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Stand-off analysis of moving targets using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
journal, January 2007

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Internal structure and expansion dynamics of laser ablation plumes into ambient gases
journal, March 2003

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Teramobile: A mobile femtosecond-terawatt laser and detection system
journal, November 2002

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Laser Ablation Molecular Isotopic Spectrometry
journal, February 2011

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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Combined with Spatial Heterodyne Spectroscopy
journal, September 2014

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Semiempirical Formulas for the Electron-Impact Widths and Shifts of Isolated Ion Lines in Plasmas
journal, January 1968


Measurement of electron density and temperature of a laser-induced zinc plasma
journal, March 2006


Ultraviolet laser filaments for remote laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) analysis: applications in cultural heritage monitoring
journal, January 2006

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Time-resolved spectroscopy measurements of hydrogen-alpha, -beta, and -gamma emissions
journal, January 2008

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Two-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy of uranium isotopes in femtosecond laser ablation plumes
journal, June 2017


Unambiguous Characterization of Gunshot Residue Particles Using Scanning Laser Ablation and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry
journal, February 2012

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Remote LIBS with ultrashort pulses: characteristics in picosecond and femtosecond regimes
journal, January 2004

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Oxygen isotope ratio measurements in CO_2 by means of a continuous-wave quantum cascade laser at 43 μm
journal, January 2007

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Combination of atomic lines and molecular bands for uranium optical isotopic analysis in laser induced plasma spectrometry
journal, February 2017

  • Mao, Xianglei; Chan, George C. -Y.; Choi, Inhee
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Narrow and broad band diode laser absorption spectrometry—concepts, limitations and applications
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Site-specific 15N isotopic signatures of abiotically produced N2O
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Expansion dynamics of ultrafast laser produced plasmas in the presence of ambient argon
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Ultrashort filaments of light in weakly ionized, optically transparent media
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Laser-induced plasma emission: from atomic to molecular spectra
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Argon fluoride LA-LEAF for rapid arsenic quantitation
journal, January 2017

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On the role of the ablated mass on the propagation of a laser-generated plasma in an ambient gas
journal, January 2015


Optical emission and dynamics of aluminum plasmas produced by ultrashort and short laser pulses
journal, January 2017

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Morphological changes in ultrafast laser ablation plumes with varying spot size
journal, January 2015

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Multiple emission line analysis for improved isotopic determination of uranium — a computer simulation study
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Frontiers of stable isotope geoscience
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Laser ablation absorption spectroscopy for remote analysis of uranium
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Evaluation of a compact spectrograph for in-situ and stand-off Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy analyses of geological samples on Mars missions
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Femtosecond ultraviolet laser ablation of silver and comparison with nanosecond ablation
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Characterization of ultrafast laser-ablation plasma plumes at various Ar ambient pressures
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Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Detection and Classification of Biological Aerosols
journal, October 2003


Power broadening revisited: theory and experiment
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Basic mechanisms of signal enhancement in ns double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy in a gas environment
journal, January 2014

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A laser ablation–atomic fluorescence technique for isotopically selective determination of lithium in solids
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Intracavity sensing via compliance voltage in an external cavity quantum cascade laser
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Optical emission spectrometry and laser-induced fluorescence of laser produced sample plumes
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A theoretical study of atmospheric propagation of laser and return light for stand-off laser induced breakdown spectroscopy purposes
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Analysis of slags using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
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Isotope shift in the Boron spectrum
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Effect of Argon Atmosphere on Self-Absorption of a Spectral Line in Laser Microprobe Analysis
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Oscillator strengths for lines of ionized uranium (UII)
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Two-dimensional imaging of atomic and nanoparticle components in copper plasma plume produced by ultrafast laser ablation
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Investigation of laser ablation plume dynamics by high-resolution time-resolved atomic absorption spectroscopy
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Remote material analysis of nuclear power station steam generator tubes by laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy
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Filamentation of ultrashort pulse laser beams resulting from their propagation over long distances in air
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Quantum cascade laser based spectrometer for in situ stable carbon dioxide isotope measurements
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Impact of oxygen chemistry on the emission and fluorescence spectroscopy of laser ablation plumes
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Spectroscopic imaging of nanoparticles in laser ablation plume by redecomposition and laser-induced fluorescence detection
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Comparison of optical emission from nanosecond and femtosecond laser produced plasma in atmosphere and vacuum conditions
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