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Title: Optical spectroscopy of laser-produced plasmas for standoff isotopic analysis

This review article covers the present status of isotope detection through emission, absorption, and fluorescence spectroscopy of atoms and molecules in a laser-produced plasma formed from a solid sample. A description of the physics behind isotope shifts in atoms and molecules is presented, followed by the physics behind solid sampling of laser ablation plumes, optical methods for isotope measurements, the suitable physical conditions of laser-produced plasma plumes for isotopic analysis, and the current status. Lastly, concluding remarks will be made on the existing gaps between previous works in the literature and suggestions for future work.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Univ. of Florida, Gainesville, FL (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-130702
Journal ID: ISSN 1931-9401; DN2001000
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Applied Physics Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1931-9401
Publisher:
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; Isotope shifts; Laser-induced breakdown; Optical Sensing; Plasma Diagnostics; Fluorescence; Spectroscopy
OSTI Identifier:
1437537
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1434190