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Title: Energy saving potential of a two-pipe system for simultaneous heating and cooling of office buildings

This paper analyzes the performance of a novel two-pipe system that operates one water loop to simultaneously provide space heating and cooling with a water supply temperature of around 22 °C. To analyze the energy performance of the system, a simulation-based research was conducted. The two-pipe system was modelled using the equation-based Modelica modeling language in Dymola. A typical office building model was considered as the case study. Simulations were run for two construction sets of the building envelope and two conditions related to inter-zone air flows. To calculate energy savings, a conventional four-pipe system was modelled and used for comparison. The conventional system presented two separated water loops for heating and cooling with supply temperatures of 45 °C and 14 °C, respectively. Simulation results showed that the two-pipe system was able to use less energy than the four-pipe system thanks to three effects: useful heat transfer from warm to cold zones, higher free cooling potential and higher efficiency of the heat pump. In particular, the two-pipe system used approximately between 12% and 18% less total annual primary energy than the four-pipe system, depending on the simulation case considered.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Aalborg Univ., Copenhagen (Denmark)
  2. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  3. Lindab Comfort A/S, Farum (Denmark)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Energy and Buildings
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 134; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0378-7788
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Building Technologies Office (EE-5B)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION
OSTI Identifier:
1436611
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1414631; OSTI ID: 1459391

Maccarini, Alessandro, Wetter, Michael, Afshari, Alireza, Hultmark, Goran, Bergsoe, Niels C., and Vorre, Anders. Energy saving potential of a two-pipe system for simultaneous heating and cooling of office buildings. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.10.051.
Maccarini, Alessandro, Wetter, Michael, Afshari, Alireza, Hultmark, Goran, Bergsoe, Niels C., & Vorre, Anders. Energy saving potential of a two-pipe system for simultaneous heating and cooling of office buildings. United States. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.10.051.
Maccarini, Alessandro, Wetter, Michael, Afshari, Alireza, Hultmark, Goran, Bergsoe, Niels C., and Vorre, Anders. 2016. "Energy saving potential of a two-pipe system for simultaneous heating and cooling of office buildings". United States. doi:10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.10.051. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1436611.
@article{osti_1436611,
title = {Energy saving potential of a two-pipe system for simultaneous heating and cooling of office buildings},
author = {Maccarini, Alessandro and Wetter, Michael and Afshari, Alireza and Hultmark, Goran and Bergsoe, Niels C. and Vorre, Anders},
abstractNote = {This paper analyzes the performance of a novel two-pipe system that operates one water loop to simultaneously provide space heating and cooling with a water supply temperature of around 22 °C. To analyze the energy performance of the system, a simulation-based research was conducted. The two-pipe system was modelled using the equation-based Modelica modeling language in Dymola. A typical office building model was considered as the case study. Simulations were run for two construction sets of the building envelope and two conditions related to inter-zone air flows. To calculate energy savings, a conventional four-pipe system was modelled and used for comparison. The conventional system presented two separated water loops for heating and cooling with supply temperatures of 45 °C and 14 °C, respectively. Simulation results showed that the two-pipe system was able to use less energy than the four-pipe system thanks to three effects: useful heat transfer from warm to cold zones, higher free cooling potential and higher efficiency of the heat pump. In particular, the two-pipe system used approximately between 12% and 18% less total annual primary energy than the four-pipe system, depending on the simulation case considered.},
doi = {10.1016/j.enbuild.2016.10.051},
journal = {Energy and Buildings},
number = C,
volume = 134,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {10}
}