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Title: Morphological Control of In xGa 1–xP Nanocrystals Synthesized in a Nonthermal Plasma

Here, we explore the growth of In xGa 1–xP nanocrystals (x = 1, InP; x = 0, GaP; and 1 > x > 0, alloys) in a nonthermal plasma. By tuning the reactor conditions, we gain control over the morphology of the final product, producing either 10 nm diameter hollow nanocrystals or smaller 3 nm solid nanocrystals. We observe the gas-phase chemistry in the plasma reactor using plasma emission spectroscopy to understand the growth mechanism of the hollow versus solid morphology. We also connect this plasma chemistry to the subsequent native surface chemistry of the nanocrystals, which is dominated by the presence of both dative- and lattice-bound phosphine species. The dative phosphines react readily with oleylamine in an L-type ligand exchange reaction, evolving phosphines and allowing the particles to be dispersed in nonpolar solvents. Subsequent treatment by HF causes the solid InP 1.5 and In 0.5Ga 0.5P 1.3 to become photoluminescent, whereas the hollow particles remain nonemissive.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NREL/JA-5900-70999
Journal ID: ISSN 0897-4756
Grant/Contract Number:
AC36-08GO28308
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemistry of Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 30; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 0897-4756
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), NREL Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; nanocrystals; morphology; growth mechanisms; plasma chemistry
OSTI Identifier:
1435706

Bronstein, Noah D., Wheeler, Lance M., Anderson, Nicholas C., and Neale, Nathan R.. Morphological Control of InxGa1–xP Nanocrystals Synthesized in a Nonthermal Plasma. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b01358.
Bronstein, Noah D., Wheeler, Lance M., Anderson, Nicholas C., & Neale, Nathan R.. Morphological Control of InxGa1–xP Nanocrystals Synthesized in a Nonthermal Plasma. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b01358.
Bronstein, Noah D., Wheeler, Lance M., Anderson, Nicholas C., and Neale, Nathan R.. 2018. "Morphological Control of InxGa1–xP Nanocrystals Synthesized in a Nonthermal Plasma". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b01358.
@article{osti_1435706,
title = {Morphological Control of InxGa1–xP Nanocrystals Synthesized in a Nonthermal Plasma},
author = {Bronstein, Noah D. and Wheeler, Lance M. and Anderson, Nicholas C. and Neale, Nathan R.},
abstractNote = {Here, we explore the growth of InxGa1–xP nanocrystals (x = 1, InP; x = 0, GaP; and 1 > x > 0, alloys) in a nonthermal plasma. By tuning the reactor conditions, we gain control over the morphology of the final product, producing either 10 nm diameter hollow nanocrystals or smaller 3 nm solid nanocrystals. We observe the gas-phase chemistry in the plasma reactor using plasma emission spectroscopy to understand the growth mechanism of the hollow versus solid morphology. We also connect this plasma chemistry to the subsequent native surface chemistry of the nanocrystals, which is dominated by the presence of both dative- and lattice-bound phosphine species. The dative phosphines react readily with oleylamine in an L-type ligand exchange reaction, evolving phosphines and allowing the particles to be dispersed in nonpolar solvents. Subsequent treatment by HF causes the solid InP1.5 and In0.5Ga0.5P1.3 to become photoluminescent, whereas the hollow particles remain nonemissive.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.chemmater.8b01358},
journal = {Chemistry of Materials},
number = 9,
volume = 30,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {4}
}