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Title: Chiral drag force

Abstract

Here, we provide a holographic evaluation of novel contributions to the drag force acting on a heavy quark moving through strongly interacting plasma. The new contributions are chiral in the sense that they act in opposite directions in plasmas containing an excess of left- or right-handed quarks. The new contributions are proportional to the coefficient of the axial anomaly, and in this sense also are chiral. These new contributions to the drag force act either parallel to or antiparallel to an external magnetic field or to the vorticity of the fluid plasma. In all these respects, these contributions to the drag force felt by a heavy quark are analogous to the chiral magnetic effect (CME) on light quarks. However, the new contribution to the drag force is independent of the electric charge of the heavy quark and is the same for heavy quarks and antiquarks, meaning that these novel effects do not in fact contribute to the CME current. We show that although the chiral drag force can be non-vanishing for heavy quarks that are at rest in the local fluid rest frame, it does vanish for heavy quarks that are at rest in a suitably chosen frame. In thismore » frame, the heavy quark at rest sees counterpropagating momentum and charge currents, both proportional to the axial anomaly coefficient, but feels no drag force. This provides strong concrete evidence for the absence of dissipation in chiral transport, something that has been predicted previously via consideration of symmetries. Along the way to our principal results, we provide a general calculation of the corrections to the drag force due to the presence of gradients in the flowing fluid in the presence of a nonzero chemical potential. We close with a consequence of our result that is at least in principle observable in heavy ion collisions, namely an anticorrelation between the direction of the CME current for light quarks in a given event and the direction of the kick given to the momentum of all the heavy quarks and antiquarks in that event.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); ITEP, Moscow (Russia)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1435622
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0011090
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2015; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Quark-Gluon Plasma; Holography and quark-gluon plasmas; Anomalies in Field and String Theories

Citation Formats

Rajagopal, Krishna, and Sadofyev, Andrey V. Chiral drag force. United States: N. p., 2015. Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP10(2015)018.
Rajagopal, Krishna, & Sadofyev, Andrey V. Chiral drag force. United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP10(2015)018
Rajagopal, Krishna, and Sadofyev, Andrey V. Mon . "Chiral drag force". United States. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP10(2015)018. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1435622.
@article{osti_1435622,
title = {Chiral drag force},
author = {Rajagopal, Krishna and Sadofyev, Andrey V.},
abstractNote = {Here, we provide a holographic evaluation of novel contributions to the drag force acting on a heavy quark moving through strongly interacting plasma. The new contributions are chiral in the sense that they act in opposite directions in plasmas containing an excess of left- or right-handed quarks. The new contributions are proportional to the coefficient of the axial anomaly, and in this sense also are chiral. These new contributions to the drag force act either parallel to or antiparallel to an external magnetic field or to the vorticity of the fluid plasma. In all these respects, these contributions to the drag force felt by a heavy quark are analogous to the chiral magnetic effect (CME) on light quarks. However, the new contribution to the drag force is independent of the electric charge of the heavy quark and is the same for heavy quarks and antiquarks, meaning that these novel effects do not in fact contribute to the CME current. We show that although the chiral drag force can be non-vanishing for heavy quarks that are at rest in the local fluid rest frame, it does vanish for heavy quarks that are at rest in a suitably chosen frame. In this frame, the heavy quark at rest sees counterpropagating momentum and charge currents, both proportional to the axial anomaly coefficient, but feels no drag force. This provides strong concrete evidence for the absence of dissipation in chiral transport, something that has been predicted previously via consideration of symmetries. Along the way to our principal results, we provide a general calculation of the corrections to the drag force due to the presence of gradients in the flowing fluid in the presence of a nonzero chemical potential. We close with a consequence of our result that is at least in principle observable in heavy ion collisions, namely an anticorrelation between the direction of the CME current for light quarks in a given event and the direction of the kick given to the momentum of all the heavy quarks and antiquarks in that event.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP10(2015)018},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 10,
volume = 2015,
place = {United States},
year = {2015},
month = {10}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Drag force in SYM plasma with B field from AdS/CFT
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Observation of charge-dependent azimuthal correlations and possible local strong parity violation in heavy-ion collisions
journal, May 2010


Fluid dynamics of R-charged black holes
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Testing the Chiral Magnetic and Chiral Vortical Effects in Heavy Ion Collisions
journal, February 2011


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font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2006-11-01">November 2006</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Cáceres, Elena; Güijosa, Alberto</span> </li> <li> Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2006, Issue 11</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/2006/11/077" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/1126-6708/2006/11/077<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/2002/06/043" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Adding flavor to AdS/CFT<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2002-06-01">June 2002</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Karch, Andreas; Katz, Emanuel</span> </li> <li> Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2002, Issue 06</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/2002/06/043" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/1126-6708/2002/06/043<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP10(2012)085" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Energy loss in a strongly coupled anisotropic plasma<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; 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font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2012-07-01">July 2012</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Chapman, Shira; Neiman, Yasha; Oz, Yaron</span> </li> <li> Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2012, Issue 7</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP07(2012)128" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1007/JHEP07(2012)128<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.06.009" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Chiral superfluidity of the quark–gluon plasma<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2013-09-01">September 2013</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Kalaydzhyan, Tigran</span> </li> <li> Nuclear Physics A, Vol. 913</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.06.009" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2013.06.009<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/2009/11/117" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">D3-D7 quark-gluon plasmas<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2009-11-01">November 2009</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; 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font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2014-11-01">November 2014</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Zhao, Feng</span> </li> <li> Nuclear Physics A, Vol. 931</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2014.08.108" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2014.08.108<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/2006/12/068" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">On drag forces and jet quenching in strongly-coupled plasmas<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2006-12-01">December 2006</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Cáceres, Elena; Güijosa, Alberto</span> </li> <li> Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2006, Issue 12</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/2006/12/068" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/1126-6708/2006/12/068<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP05(2013)115" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Holographic gravitational anomaly in first and second order hydrodynamics<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2013-05-01">May 2013</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Megías, Eugenio; Pena-Benitez, Francisco</span> </li> <li> Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2013, Issue 5</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP05(2013)115" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1007/JHEP05(2013)115<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP05(2011)081" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Anomalous transport coefficients from Kubo formulas in Holography<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2011-05-01">May 2011</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Amado, Irene; Landsteiner, Karl; Pena-Benitez, Francisco</span> </li> <li> Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2011, Issue 5</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP05(2011)081" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1007/JHEP05(2011)081<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/1999/04/024" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Phases of R-charged black holes, spinning branes and strongly coupled gauge theories<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="1999-04-01">April 1999</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Cvetic, Mirjam; Gubser, Steven S.</span> </li> <li> Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 1999, Issue 04</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1126-6708/1999/04/024" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/1126-6708/1999/04/024<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> </div> <div class="pagination-container small"> <a class="pure-button prev page" href="#" rel="prev"><span class="fa fa-angle-left"></span></a><ul class="pagination d-inline-block" style="padding-left:.2em;"></ul><a class="pure-button next page" href="#" rel="next"><span class="fa fa-angle-right"></span></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="col-sm-3 order-sm-3"> <ul class="nav nav-stacked"> <li class="active"><a href="" class="reference-type-filter tab-nav" data-tab="biblio-references" data-filter="type" data-pattern="*"><span class="fa fa-angle-right"></span> All References</a></li> <li class="small" style="margin-left:.75em; 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float:none;">[ × clear filter / sort ]</a> </div> </form> </div> </div> </div> </section> <section id="biblio-citations" class="tab-content tab-content-sec osti-curated" data-tab="biblio"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-9 order-sm-9"> <div class="padding"> <p class="lead text-muted" style="font-size: 18px; margin-top:0px;">Works referencing / citing this record:</p> <div class="list"> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.93.034509" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Study of the QCD phase diagram with a nonzero chiral chemical potential<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2016-02-01">February 2016</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Braguta, V. V.; Ilgenfritz, E. -M.; Kotov, A. Yu.</span> </li> <li> Physical Review D, Vol. 93, Issue 3</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.93.034509" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/physrevd.93.034509<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/jhep03(2016)053" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Predictions for boson-jet observables and fragmentation function ratios from a hybrid strong/weak coupling model for jet quenching<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2016-03-01">March 2016</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Casalderrey-Solana, Jorge; Gulhan, Doga Can; Milhano, José Guilherme</span> </li> <li> Journal of High Energy Physics, Vol. 2016, Issue 3</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/jhep03(2016)053" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1007/jhep03(2016)053<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s41365-016-0178-3" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Novel quantum phenomena induced by strong magnetic fields in heavy-ion collisions<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2017-01-11">January 2017</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Hattori, Koichi; Huang, Xu-Guang</span> </li> <li> Nuclear Science and Techniques, Vol. 28, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s41365-016-0178-3" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1007/s41365-016-0178-3<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/aac500" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Collective excitations in Weyl semimetals in the hydrodynamic regime<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2018-06-11">June 2018</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Sukhachov, P. O.; Gorbar, E. V.; Shovkovy, I. A.</span> </li> <li> Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, Vol. 30, Issue 27</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-648x/aac500" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1088/1361-648x/aac500<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.93.105025" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Catalysis of dynamical chiral symmetry breaking by chiral chemical potential<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2016-05-01">May 2016</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Braguta, V. V.; Kotov, A. Yu.</span> </li> <li> Physical Review D, Vol. 93, Issue 10</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.93.105025" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/physrevd.93.105025<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.94.054020" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Momentum transport in strongly coupled anisotropic plasmas in the presence of strong magnetic fields<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2016-09-01">September 2016</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Finazzo, Stefano Ivo; Critelli, Renato; Rougemont, Romulo</span> </li> <li> Physical Review D, Vol. 94, Issue 5</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.94.054020" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/physrevd.94.054020<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.94.085016" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Jet quenching parameter of the quark-gluon plasma in a strong magnetic field: Perturbative QCD and <math display="inline"> <mrow> <mi>AdS</mi> <mo>/</mo> <mi>CFT</mi> </mrow> </math> correspondence<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2016-10-01">October 2016</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Li, Shiyong; Mamo, Kiminad A.; Yee, Ho-Ung</span> </li> <li> Physical Review D, Vol. 94, Issue 8</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.94.085016" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/physrevd.94.085016<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> <div> <h2 class="title" style="margin-bottom:0;" data-apporder=""> <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.98.025012" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="name">Mixed anomalies: Chiral vortical effect and the Sommerfeld expansion<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase; font-size:0.75rem;"><br/> <span class="type">journal</span>, <span class="date" data-date="2018-07-01">July 2018</span></small> </h2> <ul class="small references-list" style="list-style-type:none; margin-top: 0.5em; padding-left: 0; line-height:1.8em;"> <li> <span style="color:#5C7B2D;"> Stone, Michael; Kim, JiYoung</span> </li> <li> Physical Review D, Vol. 98, Issue 2</li> <li> <span class="text-muted related-url">DOI: <a href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.98.025012" class="text-muted" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer">10.1103/physrevd.98.025012<span class="fa fa-external-link" aria-hidden="true"></span></a></span> </li> </ul> <hr/> </div> </div> <div class="pagination-container small"> <a class="pure-button prev page" href="#" rel="prev"><span class="fa fa-angle-left"></span></a><ul class="pagination d-inline-block" style="padding-left:.2em;"></ul><a class="pure-button next page" href="#" rel="next"><span class="fa fa-angle-right"></span></a> </div> </div> </div> <div class="col-sm-3 order-sm-3"> <ul class="nav nav-stacked"> <li class="active"><a href="" class="reference-type-filter tab-nav" data-filter="type" data-pattern="*"><span class="fa fa-angle-right"></span> All Cited By</a></li> <li class="small" style="margin-left:.75em; 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float:none;">[ × clear filter / sort ]</a> </div> </form> </div> </div> </div> </section> <section id="biblio-related" class="tab-content tab-content-sec " data-tab="biblio"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-sm-9 order-sm-9"> <section id="biblio-similar" class="tab-content tab-content-sec active" data-tab="related"> <div class="padding"> <p class="lead text-muted" style="font-size: 18px; margin-top:0px;">Similar Records in DOE PAGES and OSTI.GOV collections:</p> <aside> <ul class="item-list" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/ItemList" style="padding-left:0; list-style-type: none;"> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="0" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/pages/biblio/1260159-drag-frame-anomalous-chiral-fluid" itemprop="url">No-Drag Frame for Anomalous Chiral Fluid</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Journal Article</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Stephanov, Mikhail A.</span> ; <span class="author">Yee, Ho-Ung</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"> - Physical Review Letters</span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">For an anomalous fluid carrying dissipationless chiral magnetic and/or vortical currents we show that there is a frame in which a stationary obstacle experiences no drag, but energy and charge currents do not vanish, resembling superfluidity. Unlike ordinary superfluid flow, the anomalous chiral currents can transport entropy in this frame. Moreover, we show that the second law of thermodynamics completely determines the amounts of these anomalous nondissipative currents in the “no-drag frame” as polynomials in temperature and chemical potential with known anomaly coefficients. These general results are illustrated and confirmed by a calculation in the chiral kinetic theory and in<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> the quark-gluon plasma at high temperature.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <span class="fa fa-book text-muted" aria-hidden="true"></span> Cited by 11<div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.122302" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="1260159" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.116.122302</a></span></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink"><a class="misc fulltext-link " href="/pages/servlets/purl/1260159" title="Link to document media" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-ostiid="1260159" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >Full Text Available</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="1" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/pages/biblio/1254122-heavy-quark-diffusion-strong-magnetic-fields-weak-coupling-implications-elliptic-flow" itemprop="url">Heavy quark diffusion in strong magnetic fields at weak coupling and implications for elliptic flow</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Journal Article</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Fukushima, Kenji</span> ; <span class="author">Hattori, Koichi</span> ; <span class="author">Yee, Ho -Ung</span> ; <span class="author">...</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"> - Physical Review D</span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">In this paper, we compute the momentum diffusion coefficients of heavy quarks, κ<sub>∥</sub> and κ<sub>⊥</sub>, in a strong magnetic field B along the directions parallel and perpendicular to B, respectively, at the leading order in QCD coupling constant α<sub>s</sub>. We consider a regime relevant for the relativistic heavy ion collisions, α<sub>s</sub>eB << T<sup>2</sup> << eB, so that thermal excitations of light quarks are restricted to the lowest Landau level (LLL) states. In the vanishing light-quark mass limit, we find κ<sup>LO</sup><sub>⊥</sub> ∝ α<sup>2</sup><sub>s</sub>TeB in the leading order that arises from screened Coulomb scatterings with (1+1)-dimensional LLL quarks, while κ<sub>∥</sub> gets no<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> contribution from the scatterings with LLL quarks due to kinematic restrictions. We show that the first nonzero leading order contributions to κ<sup>LO</sup><sub>∥</sub> come from the two separate effects: 1) the screened Coulomb scatterings with thermal gluons, and 2) a finite light-quark mass m<sub>q</sub>. The former leads to κ<sup>LO,gluon</sup><sub>∥</sub> ∝ α<sup>2</sup><sub>s</sub>T<sup>3</sup> and the latter to κ<sup>LO,massive</sup><sub>∥</sub> ∝ α<sub>s</sub>(α<sub>s</sub>eB)<sup>1/2</sup>m<sup>2</sup><sub>q</sub>. Based on our results, we propose a new scenario for the large value of heavy-quark elliptic flow observed in RHIC and LHC. Namely, when κ<sub>⊥</sub> >> κ<sub>∥</sub>, an anisotropy in drag forces gives rise to a sizable amount of the heavy-quark elliptic flow even if heavy quarks do not fully belong to an ellipsoidally expanding background fluid.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <span class="fa fa-book text-muted" aria-hidden="true"></span> Cited by 28<div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.074028" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="1254122" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.93.074028</a></span></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink"><a class="misc fulltext-link " href="/pages/servlets/purl/1254122" title="Link to document media" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-ostiid="1254122" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >Full Text Available</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="2" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/pages/biblio/1236438-charmonium-dissociation-anomalous-wind" itemprop="url">The charmonium dissociation in an ''anomalous wind''</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Journal Article</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Sadofyev, Andrey V.</span> ; <span class="author">Yin, Yi</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"> - Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)</span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">We study the charmonium dissociation in a strongly coupled chiral plasma in the presence of magnetic field and axial charge imbalance. This type of plasma carries "anomalous flow" induced by the chiral anomaly and exhibits novel transport phenomena such as chiral magnetic effect. We found that the "anomalous flow" would modify the charmonium color screening length by using the gauge/gravity correspondence. We derive an analytical expression quantifying the "anomalous flow" experienced by a charmonium for a large class of chiral plasma with a gravity dual. We elaborate on the similarity and it qualitative difference between anomalous effects on the charmonium<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> color screening length which are model-dependent and those on the heavy quark drag force which are fixed by the second law of thermodynamics. As a result, we speculate on the possible charmonium dissociation induced by the chiral anomaly in heavy ion collisions.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <span class="fa fa-book text-muted" aria-hidden="true"></span> Cited by 8<div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP01(2016)052" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="1236438" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP01(2016)052</a></span></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink"><a class="misc fulltext-link " href="/pages/servlets/purl/1236438" title="Link to document media" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-ostiid="1236438" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >Full Text Available</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="4" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/pages/biblio/1413921-worldline-construction-covariant-chiral-kinetic-theory" itemprop="url">Worldline construction of a covariant chiral kinetic theory</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Journal Article</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Mueller, Niklas</span> ; <span class="author">Venugopalan, Raju</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"> - Physical Review D</span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">Here, we discuss a novel worldline framework for computations of the chiral magnetic effect (CME) in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. Starting from the fermion determinant in the QCD effective action, we show explicitly how its real part can be expressed as a supersymmetric worldline action of spinning, colored, Grassmannian particles in background fields. Restricting ourselves for simplicity to spinning particles, we demonstrate how their constrained Hamiltonian dynamics arises for both massless and massive particles. In a semiclassical limit, this gives rise to the covariant generalization of the Bargmann-Michel-Telegdi equation; the derivation of the corresponding Wong equations for colored particles is straightforward.<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> In a previous paper [N. Mueller and R. Venugopalan, arXiv:1701.03331.], we outlined how Berry’s phase arises in a nonrelativistic adiabatic limit for massive particles. We extend the discussion here to systems with a finite chemical potential. We discuss a path integral formulation of the relative phase in the fermion determinant that places it on the same footing as the real part. We construct the corresponding anomalous worldline axial-vector current and show in detail how the chiral anomaly appears. Our work provides a systematic framework for a relativistic kinetic theory of chiral fermions in the fluctuating topological backgrounds that generate the CME in a deconfined quark-gluon plasma. Finally, we outline some further applications of this framework in many-body systems.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <span class="fa fa-book text-muted" aria-hidden="true"></span> Cited by 19<div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.96.016023" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="1413921" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevD.96.016023</a></span></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink"><a class="misc fulltext-link " href="/pages/servlets/purl/1413921" title="Link to document media" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-ostiid="1413921" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="AM" >Full Text Available</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> <li> <div class="article item document" itemprop="itemListElement" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/WebPage"><meta itemprop="position" content="5" /><div class="item-info"> <h2 class="title" itemprop="name headline"><a href="/biblio/21538364-fluid-gravity-model-chiral-magnetic-effect" itemprop="url">Fluid-Gravity Model for the Chiral Magnetic Effect</a></h2> <div class="metadata"> <small class="text-muted" style="text-transform:uppercase;display:block;line-height:2.5em;">Journal Article</small><span class="authors"> <span class="author">Kalaydzhyan, Tigran</span> ; <span class="author">Kirsch, Ingo</span> <span class="text-muted pubdata"> - Physical Review Letters</span> </span> </div> <div class="abstract">We consider the STU model as a gravity dual of a strongly coupled plasma with multiple anomalous U(1) currents. In the bulk we add additional background gauge fields to include the effects of external electric and magnetic fields on the plasma. Reducing the number of chemical potentials in the STU model to two and interpreting them as quark and chiral chemical potential, we obtain a holographic description of the chiral magnetic and chiral vortical effects (CME and CVE) in relativistic heavy-ion collisions. These effects formally appear as first-order transport coefficients in the electromagnetic current. We compute these coefficients from our<a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().next().show().next().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;'>more »</a><span style='display:none;'> model using fluid-gravity duality. We also find analogous effects in the axial-vector current. Finally, we briefly discuss a variant of our model, in which the CME/CVE is realized in the late-time dynamics of an expanding plasma.</span><a href='#' onclick='$(this).hide().prev().hide().prev().show();return false;' style='margin-left:10px;display:none;'>« less</a></div><div class="metadata-links small clearfix text-muted" style="margin-top:15px;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal pull-right" style="width:unset;"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><span class="item-info-ftlink">DOI: <a class="misc doi-link " href="https://doi.org/10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.106.211601" target="_blank" rel="noopener" title="Link to document DOI" data-ostiid="21538364" data-product-type="Journal Article" data-product-subtype="" >https://doi.org/10.1103/PHYSREVLETT.106.211601</a></span></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> <div class="clearfix"></div> </div> </li> </ul> </aside> </div> </section> </div> <div class="col-sm-3 order-sm-3"> <ul class="nav nav-stacked"> <li class="active"><a class="tab-nav disabled" data-tab="related" style="color: #636c72 !important; opacity: 1;"><span class="fa fa-angle-right"></span> Similar Records</a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </section> </div></div> </div> </div> </section> <footer class="" style="background-color:#f9f9f9; /* padding-top: 0.5rem; */"> <div class="footer-minor"> <div class="container"> <hr class="footer-separator" /> <div class="text-center" style="margin-top:1.25rem;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal"> <ul class="pure-menu-list" id="footer-org-menu"> <li class="pure-menu-item"> <a href="https://energy.gov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> <img src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" class="sprite sprite-footer-us-doe-min" alt="U.S. Department of Energy" /> </a> </li> <li class="pure-menu-item"> <a href="https://www.energy.gov/science/office-science" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer"> <img src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" class="sprite sprite-footer-office-of-science-min" alt="Office of Science" /> </a> </li> <li class="pure-menu-item"> <a href="/"> <img src="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAP///wAAACH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAICRAEAOw==" class="sprite sprite-footer-osti-min" alt="Office of Scientific and Technical Information" /> </a> </li> </ul> </div> </div> <div class="text-center small" style="margin-top:0.5em;margin-bottom:2.0rem;"> <div class="pure-menu pure-menu-horizontal"> <ul class="pure-menu-list"> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="/disclaim" class="pure-menu-link"><span class="fa fa-institution"></span> Website Policies <span class="hidden-xs">/ Important Links</span></a></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="/pages/contact" class="pure-menu-link"><span class="fa fa-comments-o"></span> Contact Us</a></li> <li class="d-block d-md-none"></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/ostigov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="pure-menu-link social"><span class="fa fa-facebook" style=""></span></a></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="https://twitter.com/OSTIgov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="pure-menu-link social"><span class="fa fa-twitter" style=""></span></a></li> <li class="pure-menu-item"><a href="https://www.youtube.com/user/ostigov" target="_blank" rel="noopener noreferrer" class="pure-menu-link social"><span class="fa fa-youtube-play" style=""></span></a></li> </ul> </div> </div> </div> </div> </footer> <link href="/pages/css/pages.fonts.210420.1958.css" rel="stylesheet"> <script src="/pages/js/pages.210420.1958.js"></script><noscript></noscript> <script defer src="/pages/js/pages.biblio.210420.1958.js"></script><noscript></noscript> <script defer src="/pages/js/lity.js"></script><noscript></noscript> <script async type="text/javascript" src="/pages/js/Universal-Federated-Analytics-Min.js?agency=DOE" id="_fed_an_ua_tag"></script><noscript></noscript> </body> <!-- DOE PAGES v.210420.1958 --> </html>