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Title: Communication: Accurate higher-order van der Waals coefficients between molecules from a model dynamic multipole polarizability

Due to the absence of the long-range van der Waals (vdW) interaction, conventional density functional theory (DFT) often fails in the description of molecular complexes and solids. In recent years, considerable progress has been made in the development of the vdW correction. However, the vdW correction based on the leading-order coefficient C 6 alone can only achieve limited accuracy, while accurate modeling of higher-order coefficients remains a formidable task, due to the strong non-additivity effect. Here, we apply a model dynamic multipole polarizability within a modified single-frequency approximation to calculate C 8 and C 10 between small molecules. We find that the higher-order vdW coefficients from this model can achieve remarkable accuracy, with mean absolute relative deviations of 5% for C 8 and 7% for C 10. As a result, inclusion of accurate higher-order contributions in the vdW correction will effectively enhance the predictive power of DFT in condensed matter physics and quantum chemistry.
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA (United States)
  2. Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Chemical Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 144; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9606
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; Complex solids; Polarizability; Intermolecular forces; Interpolation; Electrons Ab initio calculations; Density functional theory; Plasmons; Semiconductor device modeling
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1235377