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Title: Nucleon Resonance Structure from Exclusive Meson Electroproduction with CLAS

Studies of the nucleon resonance electroexcitation amplitudes in a wide range of photon virtualities offer unique information on many facets of strong QCD behind the generation of all prominent excited nucleon states of distinctively different structure. Advances in the evaluation of resonance electroexcitation amplitudes from the data measured with the CLAS detector and the future extension of these studies with the CLAS12 detector at Jefferson Lab are presented in this paper. For the first time, analyses of $$\pi^0p$$, $$\pi^+n$$, $$\eta p$$, and $$\pi^+\pi^-p$$ electroproduction off proton channels have provided electroexcitation amplitudes of most resonances in the mass range up to 1.8 GeV and at photon virtualities $Q^2 < 5$ GeV$^2$. Consistent results on resonance electroexcitation amplitudes determined from different exclusive channels validate a credible extraction of these fundamental quantities. Studies of the resonance electroexcitation amplitudes revealed the $N^*$ structure as a complex interplay between the inner core of three dressed quarks and the external meson-baryon cloud. The successful description of the $$\Delta(1232)3/2^+$$ and $N(1440)1/2^+$ electrocouplings achieved within the Dyson-Schwinger Equation approach under a traceable connection to the QCD Lagrangian and supported by the novel light front quark model demonstrated the relevance of dressed quarks with dynamically generated masses as an active structural component in baryons. Future experiments with the CLAS12 detector will offer insight into the structure of all prominent resonances at the highest photon virtualities, $Q^2 < 12$ GeV$^2$, ever achieved in exclusive reactions, thus addressing the most challenging problems of the Standard Model on the nature of hadron mass, quark-gluon confinement, and the emergence of nucleon resonance structures from QCD. Finally, a search for new states of hadronic matter, the so-called hybrid-baryons with glue as a structural component, will complete the long term efforts on the resonance spectrum exploration.
  1. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
JLAB-PHY-18-2634; DOE/OR/23177-4337; arXiv:1801.09750
Journal ID: ISSN 0177-7963; PII: 1369
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Few-Body Systems
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 59; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 0177-7963
Research Org:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Country of Publication:
United States
OSTI Identifier: