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Title: The Downwind Hemisphere of the Heliosphere: Eight Years of IBEX -Lo Observations

We present a comprehensive study of energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) of 10 eV to 2.5 keV from the downwind hemisphere of the heliosphere. These ENAs are believed to originate mostly from pickup protons and solar wind protons in the inner heliosheath. This study includes all low-energy observations made with the Interstellar Boundary Explorer over the first 8 years. Since the protons around 0.1 keV dominate the plasma pressure in the inner heliosheath in downwind direction, these ENA observations offer the unique opportunity to constrain the plasma properties and dimensions of the heliosheath where no in-situ observations are available. We first derive energy spectra of ENA intensities averaged over time for 49 macropixels covering the entire downwind hemisphere. The results confirm previous studies regarding integral intensities and the roll-over around 0.1 keV energy. With the expanded dataset we now find that ENA intensities at 0.2 and 0.1 keV seem to anti-correlate with solar activity. We then derive the product of total plasma pressure and emission thickness of protons in the heliosheath to estimate lower limits on the thickness of the inner heliosheath. The temporally averaged ENA intensities support a rather spherical shape of the termination shock and a heliosheath thickness betweenmore » 150 and 210 au for most regions of the downwind hemisphere. Around the nominal downwind direction of 76° ecliptic longitude, the heliosheath is at least 280 au thick. There, the neutral hydrogen density seems to be depleted compared to upwind directions by roughly a factor of 2.« less
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ; ORCiD logo [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ; ORCiD logo [5] ; ORCiD logo [6]
  1. Univ. of Bern (Switzerland)
  2. Univ. of New Hampshire, Durham, NH (United States)
  3. Polish Academy of Sciences (PAS), Warsaw (Poland)
  4. Southwest Research Inst. (SwRI), San Antonio, TX (United States)
  5. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  6. Princeton Univ., NJ (United States). Dept. of Astrophysical Sciences
Publication Date:
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 851; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Publisher:
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
Swiss National Science Foundation, Bern (Switzerland)
Sponsoring Org:
Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF); Polish National Science Centre (NCN); NASA Explorer program, IBEX mission; USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS
OSTI Identifier:
1430490

Galli, A., Wurz, P., Schwadron, N. A., Kucharek, H., Mobius, E., Bzowski, M., Soko?, J. M., Kubiak, M. A., Fuselier, S. A., Funsten, H. O., and McComas, D. J.. The Downwind Hemisphere of the Heliosphere: Eight Years of IBEX -Lo Observations. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa988f.
Galli, A., Wurz, P., Schwadron, N. A., Kucharek, H., Mobius, E., Bzowski, M., Soko?, J. M., Kubiak, M. A., Fuselier, S. A., Funsten, H. O., & McComas, D. J.. The Downwind Hemisphere of the Heliosphere: Eight Years of IBEX -Lo Observations. United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa988f.
Galli, A., Wurz, P., Schwadron, N. A., Kucharek, H., Mobius, E., Bzowski, M., Soko?, J. M., Kubiak, M. A., Fuselier, S. A., Funsten, H. O., and McComas, D. J.. 2017. "The Downwind Hemisphere of the Heliosphere: Eight Years of IBEX -Lo Observations". United States. doi:10.3847/1538-4357/aa988f.
@article{osti_1430490,
title = {The Downwind Hemisphere of the Heliosphere: Eight Years of IBEX -Lo Observations},
author = {Galli, A. and Wurz, P. and Schwadron, N. A. and Kucharek, H. and Mobius, E. and Bzowski, M. and Soko?, J. M. and Kubiak, M. A. and Fuselier, S. A. and Funsten, H. O. and McComas, D. J.},
abstractNote = {We present a comprehensive study of energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) of 10 eV to 2.5 keV from the downwind hemisphere of the heliosphere. These ENAs are believed to originate mostly from pickup protons and solar wind protons in the inner heliosheath. This study includes all low-energy observations made with the Interstellar Boundary Explorer over the first 8 years. Since the protons around 0.1 keV dominate the plasma pressure in the inner heliosheath in downwind direction, these ENA observations offer the unique opportunity to constrain the plasma properties and dimensions of the heliosheath where no in-situ observations are available. We first derive energy spectra of ENA intensities averaged over time for 49 macropixels covering the entire downwind hemisphere. The results confirm previous studies regarding integral intensities and the roll-over around 0.1 keV energy. With the expanded dataset we now find that ENA intensities at 0.2 and 0.1 keV seem to anti-correlate with solar activity. We then derive the product of total plasma pressure and emission thickness of protons in the heliosheath to estimate lower limits on the thickness of the inner heliosheath. The temporally averaged ENA intensities support a rather spherical shape of the termination shock and a heliosheath thickness between 150 and 210 au for most regions of the downwind hemisphere. Around the nominal downwind direction of 76° ecliptic longitude, the heliosheath is at least 280 au thick. There, the neutral hydrogen density seems to be depleted compared to upwind directions by roughly a factor of 2.},
doi = {10.3847/1538-4357/aa988f},
journal = {The Astrophysical Journal (Online)},
number = 1,
volume = 851,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {12}
}