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Title: Zirconium tetrachloride revisited

Abstract

We present that zirconium tetrachloride, ZrCl4, is a strategic material with wide-ranging applications. Until now, only one crystallographic study on ZrCl4has been reported [Krebs (1970).Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.378, 263–272] and that was more than 40 years ago. The compound used for the previous determination was prepared from ZrO2 and Cl2–CCl4, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) studies on ZrCl4 obtained from Zr metal have not yet been reported. In this context, we prepared ZrCl4 from the reaction of Zr metal and Cl2 gas in a sealed tube and investigated its structure at 100, 150, 200, 250, and 300 K. At 300 K, the SCXRD analysis indicates that ZrCl4 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pca21 [a= 6.262 (9),b= 7.402 (11),c= 12.039 (17) Å, andV= 558.0 (14) Å3] and consists of infinite zigzag chains of edge-sharing ZrCl6 octahedra. This chain motif is similar to that observed previously in ZrCl4, but the structural parameters and space group differ. Finally, in the temperature range 100–300 K, no phase transformation was identified, while elongation of intra-chain Zr...Zr [3.950 (1) Å at 100 K and 3.968 (5) Å at 300 K] and inter-chain Cl...Cl [3.630 (3) Å at 100 K and 3.687 (9) Å at 300more » K] distances occurred.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1]; ORCiD logo [2];  [3];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States). Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry
  2. Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States). Department of Physics and Astronomy
  3. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Fuel Cycle Technologies (NE-5); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
OSTI Identifier:
1429669
Report Number(s):
SAND-2017-11627J
Journal ID: ISSN 2053-2296; ACSCGG; 658195
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000; NE0008449; NA0003525
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry (Online); Journal Volume: 74; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 2053-2296
Publisher:
International Union of Crystallography
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; zirconium tetra­chloride; crystal structure; chain motif; temperature study

Citation Formats

Borjas Nevarez, Rosendo, Balasekaran, Samundeeswari Mariappan, Kim, Eunja, Weck, Philippe, and Poineau, Frederic. Zirconium tetrachloride revisited. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1107/S205322961800219X.
Borjas Nevarez, Rosendo, Balasekaran, Samundeeswari Mariappan, Kim, Eunja, Weck, Philippe, & Poineau, Frederic. Zirconium tetrachloride revisited. United States. https://doi.org/10.1107/S205322961800219X
Borjas Nevarez, Rosendo, Balasekaran, Samundeeswari Mariappan, Kim, Eunja, Weck, Philippe, and Poineau, Frederic. Mon . "Zirconium tetrachloride revisited". United States. https://doi.org/10.1107/S205322961800219X. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1429669.
@article{osti_1429669,
title = {Zirconium tetrachloride revisited},
author = {Borjas Nevarez, Rosendo and Balasekaran, Samundeeswari Mariappan and Kim, Eunja and Weck, Philippe and Poineau, Frederic},
abstractNote = {We present that zirconium tetrachloride, ZrCl4, is a strategic material with wide-ranging applications. Until now, only one crystallographic study on ZrCl4has been reported [Krebs (1970).Z. Anorg. Allg. Chem.378, 263–272] and that was more than 40 years ago. The compound used for the previous determination was prepared from ZrO2 and Cl2–CCl4, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) studies on ZrCl4 obtained from Zr metal have not yet been reported. In this context, we prepared ZrCl4 from the reaction of Zr metal and Cl2 gas in a sealed tube and investigated its structure at 100, 150, 200, 250, and 300 K. At 300 K, the SCXRD analysis indicates that ZrCl4 crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pca21 [a= 6.262 (9),b= 7.402 (11),c= 12.039 (17) Å, andV= 558.0 (14) Å3] and consists of infinite zigzag chains of edge-sharing ZrCl6 octahedra. This chain motif is similar to that observed previously in ZrCl4, but the structural parameters and space group differ. Finally, in the temperature range 100–300 K, no phase transformation was identified, while elongation of intra-chain Zr...Zr [3.950 (1) Å at 100 K and 3.968 (5) Å at 300 K] and inter-chain Cl...Cl [3.630 (3) Å at 100 K and 3.687 (9) Å at 300 K] distances occurred.},
doi = {10.1107/S205322961800219X},
journal = {Acta Crystallographica. Section C, Structural Chemistry (Online)},
number = 3,
volume = 74,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {2}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Figures / Tables:

Table 1 Table 1: Crystal data and refinement quality factors for ZrCl4

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Works referenced in this record:

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    Figures/Tables have been extracted from DOE-funded journal article accepted manuscripts.