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Title: Evaluation of alternative filter media for particulate matter emission testing of residential wood heating devices

Abstract

The performance of Teflon-coated glass fiber filter media (Pallflex Emfab TX40) is evaluated for particulate matter (PM) sampling of residential wood heating devices in a dilution tunnel. Thirty samples of varying duration and PM loading and concentration were collected from an U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Method 28 dilution tunnel using dual Method 5G sample trains with untreated glass fiber and Emfab filters. Filters were weighed soon after the end of sampling and again the next day after equilibration at 35% relative humidity (RH). PM concentrations from both types of filters agreed very well with 1-day equilibration, demonstrating that Emfab filters are appropriate for use in measuring PM from residential wood burning appliances in a dilution tunnel and have performance equal to or better than the glass fiber filter media. Agreement between filter media without equilibration was erratic, with PM from glass fiber filter samples varying from slightly less than the Emfab samples to as much as 2.8 times higher. Some of the glass fiber filters lost substantial mass with equilibration, with the highest percent loss at lower filter mass loadings. Mass loss for Emfab samples was a small percentage of the mass and very consistent across the range ofmore » mass loadings. Taken together, these results may indicate water uptake on the glass fiber media that is readily removed with 1-day equilibration at moderate RH conditions. Implications: EPA regulations now allow the use of either glass fiber or Teflon filter media for wood appliance PM emission testing. Teflon filter media minimizes the potential for acid-gas PM artifacts on glass fiber filters; this is important as EPA moves toward the use of locally sourced cordwood for testing that may have higher sulfur content. This work demonstrates that the use of Teflon-coated glass fiber filters can give similar PM measurement results to glass fiber filters after 1 day of equilibration. With no equilibration, measured PM from glass fiber filters was usually higher than from Teflon-coated glass fiber filters.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [2]
  1. NESCAUM, Boston, MA (United States)
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Energy Conversion Group
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B); New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA)
OSTI Identifier:
1426788
Report Number(s):
BNL-200062-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 1096-2247
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 67; Journal Issue: 10; Journal ID: ISSN 1096-2247
Publisher:
Taylor and Francis
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY

Citation Formats

Allen, George, Rector, Lisa, Butcher, Thomas, and Trojanowski, Rebecca. Evaluation of alternative filter media for particulate matter emission testing of residential wood heating devices. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1080/10962247.2017.1349011.
Allen, George, Rector, Lisa, Butcher, Thomas, & Trojanowski, Rebecca. Evaluation of alternative filter media for particulate matter emission testing of residential wood heating devices. United States. doi:10.1080/10962247.2017.1349011.
Allen, George, Rector, Lisa, Butcher, Thomas, and Trojanowski, Rebecca. Mon . "Evaluation of alternative filter media for particulate matter emission testing of residential wood heating devices". United States. doi:10.1080/10962247.2017.1349011. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1426788.
@article{osti_1426788,
title = {Evaluation of alternative filter media for particulate matter emission testing of residential wood heating devices},
author = {Allen, George and Rector, Lisa and Butcher, Thomas and Trojanowski, Rebecca},
abstractNote = {The performance of Teflon-coated glass fiber filter media (Pallflex Emfab TX40) is evaluated for particulate matter (PM) sampling of residential wood heating devices in a dilution tunnel. Thirty samples of varying duration and PM loading and concentration were collected from an U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Method 28 dilution tunnel using dual Method 5G sample trains with untreated glass fiber and Emfab filters. Filters were weighed soon after the end of sampling and again the next day after equilibration at 35% relative humidity (RH). PM concentrations from both types of filters agreed very well with 1-day equilibration, demonstrating that Emfab filters are appropriate for use in measuring PM from residential wood burning appliances in a dilution tunnel and have performance equal to or better than the glass fiber filter media. Agreement between filter media without equilibration was erratic, with PM from glass fiber filter samples varying from slightly less than the Emfab samples to as much as 2.8 times higher. Some of the glass fiber filters lost substantial mass with equilibration, with the highest percent loss at lower filter mass loadings. Mass loss for Emfab samples was a small percentage of the mass and very consistent across the range of mass loadings. Taken together, these results may indicate water uptake on the glass fiber media that is readily removed with 1-day equilibration at moderate RH conditions. Implications: EPA regulations now allow the use of either glass fiber or Teflon filter media for wood appliance PM emission testing. Teflon filter media minimizes the potential for acid-gas PM artifacts on glass fiber filters; this is important as EPA moves toward the use of locally sourced cordwood for testing that may have higher sulfur content. This work demonstrates that the use of Teflon-coated glass fiber filters can give similar PM measurement results to glass fiber filters after 1 day of equilibration. With no equilibration, measured PM from glass fiber filters was usually higher than from Teflon-coated glass fiber filters.},
doi = {10.1080/10962247.2017.1349011},
journal = {Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association},
number = 10,
volume = 67,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}

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