skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Characterizing source fingerprints and ageing processes in laboratory-generated secondary organic aerosols using proton-nuclear magnetic resonance ( 1H-NMR) analysis and HPLC HULIS determination

Abstract

The study of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in laboratory settings has greatly increased our knowledge of the diverse chemical processes and environmental conditions responsible for the formation of particulate matter starting from biogenic and anthropogenic volatile compounds. However, characteristics of the different experimental setups and the way they impact the composition and the timescale of formation of SOA are still subject to debate. In this study, SOA samples were generated using a potential aerosol mass (PAM) oxidation flow reactor using α-pinene, naphthalene and isoprene as precursors. The PAM reactor facilitated exploration of SOA composition over atmospherically relevant photochemical ageing timescales that are unattainable in environmental chambers. The SOA samples were analyzed using two state-of-the-art analytical techniques for SOA characterization – proton nuclear magnetic resonance ( 1H-NMR) spectroscopy and HPLC determination of humic-like substances (HULIS). Results were compared with previous Aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) measurements. The combined 1H-NMR, HPLC, and AMS datasets show that the composition of the studied SOA systems tend to converge to highly oxidized organic compounds upon prolonged OH exposures. Further, our 1H-NMR findings show that only α-pinene SOA acquires spectroscopic features comparable to those of ambient OA when exposed to at least 1×10 12 molec OHmore » cm -3 × s OH exposure, or multiple days of equivalent atmospheric OH oxidation. Over multiple days of equivalent OH exposure, the formation of HULIS is observed in both α-pinene SOA and in naphthalene SOA (maximum yields: 16 and 30 %, respectively, of total analyzed water-soluble organic carbon, WSOC), providing evidence of the formation of humic-like polycarboxylic acids in unseeded SOA.« less

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [5];  [6];  [4];  [4]
  1. Italian National Research Council, Bologna (Italy). Inst. of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC); Proambiente S.c.r.l., Bologna (Italy)
  2. Aerodyne Research Inc., Billerica, MA (United States); Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  3. Aerodyne Research Inc., Billerica, MA (United States)
  4. Italian National Research Council, Bologna (Italy). Inst. of Atmospheric Sciences and Climate (ISAC)
  5. Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA (United States). Dept. of Chemistry
  6. Univ. of Bologna, Bologna (Italy). Dept. of Chemistry "Giacomo Ciamician"
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Boston College, Chestnut Hill, MA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1425611
Grant/Contract Number:  
[SC0006980; AGS-1536939; AGS-1537446; SC0011935; 49 990 603445]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
[Journal Name: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 17; Journal Issue: 17]; Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Zanca, Nicola, Lambe, Andrew T., Massoli, Paola, Paglione, Marco, Croasdale, David R., Parmar, Yatish, Tagliavini, Emilio, Gilardoni, Stefania, and Decesari, Stefano. Characterizing source fingerprints and ageing processes in laboratory-generated secondary organic aerosols using proton-nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) analysis and HPLC HULIS determination. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.5194/acp-17-10405-2017.
Zanca, Nicola, Lambe, Andrew T., Massoli, Paola, Paglione, Marco, Croasdale, David R., Parmar, Yatish, Tagliavini, Emilio, Gilardoni, Stefania, & Decesari, Stefano. Characterizing source fingerprints and ageing processes in laboratory-generated secondary organic aerosols using proton-nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) analysis and HPLC HULIS determination. United States. doi:10.5194/acp-17-10405-2017.
Zanca, Nicola, Lambe, Andrew T., Massoli, Paola, Paglione, Marco, Croasdale, David R., Parmar, Yatish, Tagliavini, Emilio, Gilardoni, Stefania, and Decesari, Stefano. Wed . "Characterizing source fingerprints and ageing processes in laboratory-generated secondary organic aerosols using proton-nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) analysis and HPLC HULIS determination". United States. doi:10.5194/acp-17-10405-2017. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1425611.
@article{osti_1425611,
title = {Characterizing source fingerprints and ageing processes in laboratory-generated secondary organic aerosols using proton-nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) analysis and HPLC HULIS determination},
author = {Zanca, Nicola and Lambe, Andrew T. and Massoli, Paola and Paglione, Marco and Croasdale, David R. and Parmar, Yatish and Tagliavini, Emilio and Gilardoni, Stefania and Decesari, Stefano},
abstractNote = {The study of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in laboratory settings has greatly increased our knowledge of the diverse chemical processes and environmental conditions responsible for the formation of particulate matter starting from biogenic and anthropogenic volatile compounds. However, characteristics of the different experimental setups and the way they impact the composition and the timescale of formation of SOA are still subject to debate. In this study, SOA samples were generated using a potential aerosol mass (PAM) oxidation flow reactor using α-pinene, naphthalene and isoprene as precursors. The PAM reactor facilitated exploration of SOA composition over atmospherically relevant photochemical ageing timescales that are unattainable in environmental chambers. The SOA samples were analyzed using two state-of-the-art analytical techniques for SOA characterization – proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy and HPLC determination of humic-like substances (HULIS). Results were compared with previous Aerodyne aerosol mass spectrometer (AMS) measurements. The combined 1H-NMR, HPLC, and AMS datasets show that the composition of the studied SOA systems tend to converge to highly oxidized organic compounds upon prolonged OH exposures. Further, our 1H-NMR findings show that only α-pinene SOA acquires spectroscopic features comparable to those of ambient OA when exposed to at least 1×1012 molec OH cm-3 × s OH exposure, or multiple days of equivalent atmospheric OH oxidation. Over multiple days of equivalent OH exposure, the formation of HULIS is observed in both α-pinene SOA and in naphthalene SOA (maximum yields: 16 and 30 %, respectively, of total analyzed water-soluble organic carbon, WSOC), providing evidence of the formation of humic-like polycarboxylic acids in unseeded SOA.},
doi = {10.5194/acp-17-10405-2017},
journal = {Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)},
number = [17],
volume = [17],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 2 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Assessment of parameters describing representativeness of air quality in-situ measurement sites
journal, January 2010


In situ secondary organic aerosol formation from ambient pine forest air using an oxidation flow reactor
journal, January 2016

  • Palm, Brett B.; Campuzano-Jost, Pedro; Ortega, Amber M.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-2943-2016

Rethinking Organic Aerosols: Semivolatile Emissions and Photochemical Aging
journal, March 2007


Formation of Low Volatility Organic Compounds and Secondary Organic Aerosol from Isoprene Hydroxyhydroperoxide Low-NO Oxidation
journal, July 2015

  • Krechmer, Jordan E.; Coggon, Matthew M.; Massoli, Paola
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 49, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.5b02031

Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation from in-Use Motor Vehicle Emissions Using a Potential Aerosol Mass Reactor
journal, September 2014

  • Tkacik, Daniel S.; Lambe, Andrew T.; Jathar, Shantanu
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 48, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/es502239v

Molecular Transformations Accompanying the Aging of Laboratory Secondary Organic Aerosol
journal, February 2013

  • Hall, Wiley A.; Pennington, M. Ross; Johnston, Murray V.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 47, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1021/es303891q

Size-resolved aerosol composition at an urban and a rural site in the Po Valley in summertime: implications for secondary aerosol formation
journal, January 2016

  • Sandrini, Silvia; van Pinxteren, Dominik; Giulianelli, Lara
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-10879-2016

Terpenylic acid and related compounds: precursors for dimers in secondary organic aerosol from the ozonolysis of α- and β-pinene
journal, January 2010

  • Yasmeen, F.; Vermeylen, R.; Szmigielski, R.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-10-9383-2010

Regional modeling of carbonaceous aerosols over Europe—focus on secondary organic aerosols
journal, November 2008

  • Bessagnet, Bertrand; Menut, Laurent; Curci, Gabriele
  • Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, Vol. 61, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1007/s10874-009-9129-2

Vapor wall loss of semi-volatile organic compounds in a Teflon chamber
journal, June 2016


The AeroCom evaluation and intercomparison of organic aerosol in global models
journal, January 2014

  • Tsigaridis, K.; Daskalakis, N.; Kanakidou, M.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-10845-2014

Non-OH chemistry in oxidation flow reactors for the study of atmospheric chemistry systematically examined by modeling
journal, January 2016

  • Peng, Zhe; Day, Douglas A.; Ortega, Amber M.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-4283-2016

Global modeling of organic aerosol: the importance of reactive nitrogen (NO x and NO 3 )
journal, January 2010

  • Pye, H. O. T.; Chan, A. W. H.; Barkley, M. P.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 10, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-10-11261-2010

Gas-Wall Partitioning of Organic Compounds in a Teflon Film Chamber and Potential Effects on Reaction Product and Aerosol Yield Measurements
journal, August 2010


Efficient Isoprene Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation from a Non-IEPOX Pathway
journal, September 2016

  • Liu, Jiumeng; D’Ambro, Emma L.; Lee, Ben H.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 50, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b01872

Secondary organic aerosol formation in the atmosphere via heterogeneous reaction of gaseous isoprene on acidic particles
journal, January 2003


Influence of vapor wall loss in laboratory chambers on yields of secondary organic aerosol
journal, April 2014

  • Zhang, X.; Cappa, C. D.; Jathar, S. H.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 111, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1404727111

A global model of natural volatile organic compound emissions
journal, January 1995

  • Guenther, Alex; Hewitt, C. Nicholas; Erickson, David
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 100, Issue D5
  • DOI: 10.1029/94JD02950

Unique products from the reaction of naphthalene with the hydroxyl radical
journal, October 2009


Chemical Characterization of Water-Soluble Organic Aerosol in Contrasting Rural and Urban Environments in the Southeastern United States
journal, December 2016

  • Xu, Lu; Guo, Hongyu; Weber, Rodney J.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 51, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b05002

Real-time measurements of secondary organic aerosol formation and aging from ambient air in an oxidation flow reactor in the Los Angeles area
journal, January 2016

  • Ortega, Amber M.; Hayes, Patrick L.; Peng, Zhe
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-7411-2016

Glyoxal in Aqueous Ammonium Sulfate Solutions: Products, Kinetics and Hydration Effects
journal, August 2011

  • Yu, Ge; Bayer, Amanda R.; Galloway, Melissa M.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 45, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1021/es200989n

Inter-comparison of laboratory smog chamber and flow reactor systems on organic aerosol yield and composition
journal, January 2015

  • Bruns, E. A.; El Haddad, I.; Keller, A.
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 8, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-8-2315-2015

Identification of humic-like substances (HULIS) in oxygenated organic aerosols using NMR and AMS factor analyses and liquid chromatographic techniques
journal, January 2014

  • Paglione, M.; Kiendler-Scharr, A.; Mensah, A. A.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 14, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-14-25-2014

Molecular Size Evolution of Oligomers in Organic Aerosols Collected in Urban Atmospheres and Generated in a Smog Chamber
journal, October 2006

  • Kalberer, Markus; Sax, Mirjam; Samburova, Vera
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 40, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/es0525760

An anion-exchange high-performance liquid chromatography method coupled to total organic carbon determination for the analysis of water-soluble organic aerosols
journal, May 2007

  • Mancinelli, Valeriana; Rinaldi, Matteo; Finessi, Emanuela
  • Journal of Chromatography A, Vol. 1149, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2007.02.111

Better constraints on sources of carbonaceous aerosols using a combined 14 C – macro tracer analysis in a European rural background site
journal, January 2011

  • Gilardoni, S.; Vignati, E.; Cavalli, F.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-5685-2011

Measurement of fragmentation and functionalization pathways in the heterogeneous oxidation of oxidized organic aerosol
journal, January 2009

  • Kroll, Jesse H.; Smith, Jared D.; Che, Dung L.
  • Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 36
  • DOI: 10.1039/b905289e

Appearance of strong absorbers and fluorophores in limonene-O 3 secondary organic aerosol due to NH 4 + -mediated chemical aging over long time scales
journal, January 2010

  • Bones, David L.; Henricksen, Dana K.; Mang, Stephen A.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, Issue D5
  • DOI: 10.1029/2009JD012864

Size-segregated aerosol chemical composition at a boreal site in southern Finland, during the QUEST project
journal, January 2006

  • Cavalli, F.; Facchini, M. C.; Decesari, S.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-6-993-2006

Introducing the concept of Potential Aerosol Mass (PAM)
journal, January 2007

  • Kang, E.; Root, M. J.; Toohey, D. W.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 7, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-7-5727-2007

Artifacts in measuring aerosol uptake kinetics: the roles of time, concentration and adsorption
journal, January 2011


A large organic aerosol source in the free troposphere missing from current models: LARGE TROPOSPHERIC SOURCE OF OC AEROSOLS
journal, September 2005

  • Heald, Colette L.; Jacob, Daniel J.; Park, Rokjin J.
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 32, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005GL023831

Characterization of a real-time tracer for isoprene epoxydiols-derived secondary organic aerosol (IEPOX-SOA) from aerosol mass spectrometer measurements
journal, January 2015

  • Hu, W. W.; Campuzano-Jost, P.; Palm, B. B.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-11807-2015

Evolution of Organic Aerosols in the Atmosphere
journal, December 2009


HO x radical chemistry in oxidation flow reactors with low-pressure mercury lamps systematically examined by modeling
journal, January 2015

  • Peng, Z.; Day, D. A.; Stark, H.
  • Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Vol. 8, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.5194/amt-8-4863-2015

The formation, properties and impact of secondary organic aerosol: current and emerging issues
journal, January 2009

  • Hallquist, M.; Wenger, J. C.; Baltensperger, U.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 14
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-9-5155-2009

Formation of 3-methyl-1,2,3-butanetricarboxylic acid via gas phase oxidation of pinonic acid – a mass spectrometric study of SOA aging
journal, January 2012

  • Müller, L.; Reinnig, M. -C.; Naumann, K. H.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-1483-2012

Gas phase formation of extremely oxidized pinene reaction products in chamber and ambient air
journal, January 2012


Formation of Secondary Organic Aerosols Through Photooxidation of Isoprene
journal, February 2004


Chemical characterisation of semi-volatile and aerosol compounds from the photooxidation of toluene and NOx
journal, February 2014


Transitions from Functionalization to Fragmentation Reactions of Laboratory Secondary Organic Aerosol (SOA) Generated from the OH Oxidation of Alkane Precursors
journal, May 2012

  • Lambe, Andrew T.; Onasch, Timothy B.; Croasdale, David R.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 46, Issue 10
  • DOI: 10.1021/es300274t

3-methyl-1,2,3-butanetricarboxylic acid: An atmospheric tracer for terpene secondary organic aerosol
journal, January 2007

  • Szmigielski, Rafal; Surratt, Jason D.; Gómez-González, Yadian
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 34, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1029/2007GL031338

A review of stereochemical implications in the generation of secondary organic aerosol from isoprene oxidation
journal, January 2016

  • Cash, James M.; Heal, Mathew R.; Langford, Ben
  • Environmental Science: Processes & Impacts, Vol. 18, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1039/C6EM00354K

Rethinking the global secondary organic aerosol (SOA) budget: stronger production, faster removal, shorter lifetime
journal, January 2016

  • Hodzic, Alma; Kasibhatla, Prasad S.; Jo, Duseong S.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 16, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-16-7917-2016

Improving the Quantification of Secondary Organic Aerosol Using a Microflow Reactor Coupled to HPLC-MS and NMR to Manufacture Ad Hoc Calibration Standards
journal, October 2014

  • Finessi, Emanuela; Lidster, Richard T.; Whiting, Fiona
  • Analytical Chemistry, Vol. 86, Issue 22
  • DOI: 10.1021/ac5028512

Modeling the Radical Chemistry in an Oxidation Flow Reactor: Radical Formation and Recycling, Sensitivities, and the OH Exposure Estimation Equation
journal, November 2014

  • Li, Rui; Palm, Brett B.; Ortega, Amber M.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 119, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp509534k

Comment on “On the use of anion exchange chromatography for the characterization of water soluble organic carbon” by H. Chang et al.
journal, January 2005

  • Decesari, Stefano; Moretti, Fabio; Fuzzi, Sandro
  • Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 32, Issue 24
  • DOI: 10.1029/2005GL023826

Combined Determination of the Chemical Composition and of Health Effects of Secondary Organic Aerosols: The POLYSOA Project
journal, March 2008

  • Baltensperger, Urs; Dommen, Josef; Alfarra, M. Rami
  • Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery, Vol. 21, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1089/jamp.2007.0655

Quantification of Gas-Wall Partitioning in Teflon Environmental Chambers Using Rapid Bursts of Low-Volatility Oxidized Species Generated in Situ
journal, May 2016

  • Krechmer, Jordan E.; Pagonis, Demetrios; Ziemann, Paul J.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 50, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b00606

Linking Load, Fuel, and Emission Controls to Photochemical Production of Secondary Organic Aerosol from a Diesel Engine
journal, January 2017

  • Jathar, Shantanu H.; Friedman, Beth; Galang, Abril A.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 51, Issue 3
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b04602

Effect of oxidant concentration, exposure time, and seed particles on secondary organic aerosol chemical composition and yield
journal, January 2015

  • Lambe, A. T.; Chhabra, P. S.; Onasch, T. B.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 15, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-15-3063-2015

Functional group analysis by H NMR/chemical derivatization for the characterization of organic aerosol from the SMOCC field campaign
journal, January 2006

  • Tagliavini, E.; Moretti, F.; Decesari, S.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 6, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-6-1003-2006

Atmospheric HULIS: How humic-like are they? A comprehensive and critical review
journal, January 2006


New method for resolving the enantiomeric composition of 2-methyltetrols in atmospheric organic aerosols
journal, December 2011

  • González, Nélida J. D.; Borg-Karlson, Anna-Karin; Redeby, Johan Pettersson
  • Journal of Chromatography A, Vol. 1218, Issue 51
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2011.10.069

Characterization of water-soluble organic compounds in atmospheric aerosol: A new approach
journal, January 2000

  • Decesari, Stefano; Facchini, Maria Cristina; Fuzzi, Sandro
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 105, Issue D1
  • DOI: 10.1029/1999JD900950

Real-time, controlled OH-initiated oxidation of biogenic secondary organic aerosol
journal, January 2012

  • Slowik, J. G.; Wong, J. P. S.; Abbatt, J. P. D.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-12-9775-2012

Development and application of a possible mechanism for the generation of cis-pinic acid from the ozonolysis of α- and β-pinene
journal, January 2000


Source Attribution of Water-Soluble Organic Aerosol by Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
journal, April 2007

  • Decesari, Stefano; Mircea, Mihaiela; Cavalli, Fabrizia
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 41, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/es061711l

Isoprene Epoxydiols as Precursors to Secondary Organic Aerosol Formation: Acid-Catalyzed Reactive Uptake Studies with Authentic Compounds
journal, November 2011

  • Lin, Ying-Hsuan; Zhang, Zhenfa; Docherty, Kenneth S.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 46, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1021/es202554c

Fragmentation vs. functionalization: chemical aging and organic aerosol formation
journal, January 2011


Mass Spectral Analysis of Organic Aerosol Formed Downwind of the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill: Field Studies and Laboratory Confirmations
journal, July 2012

  • Bahreini, R.; Middlebrook, A. M.; Brock, C. A.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 46, Issue 15
  • DOI: 10.1021/es301691k

The Formation of Highly Oxidized Multifunctional Products in the Ozonolysis of Cyclohexene
journal, October 2014

  • Rissanen, Matti P.; Kurtén, Theo; Sipilä, Mikko
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 136, Issue 44
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja507146s

Chemical Composition of Gas- and Aerosol-Phase Products from the Photooxidation of Naphthalene
journal, January 2010

  • Kautzman, K. E.; Surratt, J. D.; Chan, M. N.
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol. 114, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/jp908530s

Airborne measurement of OH reactivity during INTEX-B
journal, January 2009

  • Mao, J.; Ren, X.; Brune, W. H.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-9-163-2009

Mass balance of gaseous and particulate products analysis from α-pinene/NO x /air in the presence of natural sunlight
journal, June 2001

  • Jaoui, Mohammed; Kamens, Richard M.
  • Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, Vol. 106, Issue D12
  • DOI: 10.1029/2001JD900005

Chemistry of secondary organic aerosol: Formation and evolution of low-volatility organics in the atmosphere
journal, May 2008


Chemical Characterization of Secondary Organic Aerosol from Oxidation of Isoprene Hydroxyhydroperoxides
journal, September 2016

  • Riva, Matthieu; Budisulistiorini, Sri H.; Chen, Yuzhi
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 50, Issue 18
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.6b02511

Comparison of analytical methods for Humic Like Substances (HULIS) measurements in atmospheric particles
journal, January 2009

  • Baduel, C.; Voisin, D.; Jaffrezo, J. L.
  • Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, Vol. 9, Issue 16
  • DOI: 10.5194/acp-9-5949-2009