skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Direct conversion of CO2 to meso/macro-porous frameworks of surface-microporous graphene for efficient asymmetrical supercapacitors

Abstract

CO2 conversion to useful materials is the most attractive approach to control its content in the atmosphere. An ideal electrode material for supercapacitors should possess suitable meso/macro-pores as electrolyte reservoirs and rich micro-pores as places for the adsorption of electrolyte ions. In this paper, we designed and synthesized such an ideal material, meso/macro-porous frameworks of surface-microporous graphene (MFSMG), from CO2via its one-step exothermic reaction with potassium. Furthermore, the MFSMG electrode exhibited a high gravimetric capacitance of 178 F g-1 at 0.2 A g-1 in 2 M KOH and retained 85% capacitance after increasing current density by 50 times. The combination of the MFSMG electrode and the activated carbon (AC) electrode constructed an asymmetrical AC//MFSMG capacitor, leading to a high capacitance of 242.4 F g-1 for MFSMG and 97.4 F g-1 for AC. With the extended potential, the asymmetrical capacitor achieved an improved energy density of 9.43 W h kg-1 and a power density of 3504 W kg-1. Finally, this work provides a novel solution to solve the CO2 issue and creates an efficient electrode material for supercapacitors.

Authors:
 [1];  [2]; ORCiD logo [3]
  1. Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering
  2. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States). Center for Functional Nanomaterials
  3. Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States). Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering; Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ. (China). School of Environmental Science and Engineering
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Michigan Technological Univ., Houghton, MI (United States); Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE; National Science Foundation (NSF)
OSTI Identifier:
1425088
Report Number(s):
BNL-203294-2018-JAAM
Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488; TRN: US1802040
Grant/Contract Number:  
SC0012704; CBET-0931587; CMMI-1661699
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Materials Chemistry. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 5; Journal Issue: 44; Journal ID: ISSN 2050-7488
Publisher:
Royal Society of Chemistry
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE

Citation Formats

Chang, Liang, Stacchiola, Dario J., and Hu, Yun Hang. Direct conversion of CO2 to meso/macro-porous frameworks of surface-microporous graphene for efficient asymmetrical supercapacitors. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1039/C7TA07003A.
Chang, Liang, Stacchiola, Dario J., & Hu, Yun Hang. Direct conversion of CO2 to meso/macro-porous frameworks of surface-microporous graphene for efficient asymmetrical supercapacitors. United States. doi:10.1039/C7TA07003A.
Chang, Liang, Stacchiola, Dario J., and Hu, Yun Hang. Wed . "Direct conversion of CO2 to meso/macro-porous frameworks of surface-microporous graphene for efficient asymmetrical supercapacitors". United States. doi:10.1039/C7TA07003A. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1425088.
@article{osti_1425088,
title = {Direct conversion of CO2 to meso/macro-porous frameworks of surface-microporous graphene for efficient asymmetrical supercapacitors},
author = {Chang, Liang and Stacchiola, Dario J. and Hu, Yun Hang},
abstractNote = {CO2 conversion to useful materials is the most attractive approach to control its content in the atmosphere. An ideal electrode material for supercapacitors should possess suitable meso/macro-pores as electrolyte reservoirs and rich micro-pores as places for the adsorption of electrolyte ions. In this paper, we designed and synthesized such an ideal material, meso/macro-porous frameworks of surface-microporous graphene (MFSMG), from CO2via its one-step exothermic reaction with potassium. Furthermore, the MFSMG electrode exhibited a high gravimetric capacitance of 178 F g-1 at 0.2 A g-1 in 2 M KOH and retained 85% capacitance after increasing current density by 50 times. The combination of the MFSMG electrode and the activated carbon (AC) electrode constructed an asymmetrical AC//MFSMG capacitor, leading to a high capacitance of 242.4 F g-1 for MFSMG and 97.4 F g-1 for AC. With the extended potential, the asymmetrical capacitor achieved an improved energy density of 9.43 W h kg-1 and a power density of 3504 W kg-1. Finally, this work provides a novel solution to solve the CO2 issue and creates an efficient electrode material for supercapacitors.},
doi = {10.1039/C7TA07003A},
journal = {Journal of Materials Chemistry. A},
number = 44,
volume = 5,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {10}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 5 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Three-dimensional graphene materials: preparation, structures and application in supercapacitors
journal, January 2014

  • Cao, Xiehong; Yin, Zongyou; Zhang, Hua
  • Energy Environ. Sci., Vol. 7, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1039/C4EE00050A

3D Honeycomb-Like Structured Graphene and Its High Efficiency as a Counter-Electrode Catalyst for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells
journal, July 2013

  • Wang, Hui; Sun, Kai; Tao, Franklin
  • Angewandte Chemie International Edition, Vol. 52, Issue 35
  • DOI: 10.1002/anie.201303497

A review of electrode materials for electrochemical supercapacitors
journal, January 2012

  • Wang, Guoping; Zhang, Lei; Zhang, Jiujun
  • Chemical Society Reviews, Vol. 41, Issue 2, p. 797-828
  • DOI: 10.1039/C1CS15060J

Nanowire Electrodes for Electrochemical Energy Storage Devices
journal, October 2014

  • Mai, Liqiang; Tian, Xiaocong; Xu, Xu
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 114, Issue 23
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr500177a

Polymerizations in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide
journal, February 1999

  • Kendall, Jonathan L.; Canelas, Dorian A.; Young, Jennifer L.
  • Chemical Reviews, Vol. 99, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/cr9700336

Hierarchical Nanohybrids with Porous CNT-Networks Decorated Crumpled Graphene Balls for Supercapacitors
journal, May 2014

  • Mao, By Shun; Wen, Zhenhai; Bo, Zheng
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 6, Issue 12
  • DOI: 10.1021/am502604u

High surface area activated carbon from rice husk as a high performance supercapacitor electrode
journal, February 2016


Three dimensional few layer graphene and carbon nanotube foam architectures for high fidelity supercapacitors
journal, March 2013


A Versatile Strategy toward Binary Three-Dimensional Architectures Based on Engineering Graphene Aerogels with Porous Carbon Fabrics for Supercapacitors
journal, February 2015

  • Song, Wei-Li; Song, Kuo; Fan, Li-Zhen
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 7, Issue 7
  • DOI: 10.1021/am508624x

Three-Dimensional Graphene-Based Macro- and Mesoporous Frameworks for High-Performance Electrochemical Capacitive Energy Storage
journal, November 2012

  • Wu, Zhong-Shuai; Sun, Yi; Tan, Yuan-Zhi
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 134, Issue 48
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja308676h

Photochemical carbon dioxide reduction with metal complexes
journal, May 1999


Materials for electrochemical capacitors
journal, November 2008

  • Simon, Patrice; Gogotsi, Yury
  • Nature Materials, Vol. 7, Issue 11
  • DOI: 10.1038/nmat2297

CARBON EMISSIONS: Report Backs More Projects to Sequester CO2 From Coal
journal, March 2007


Self-Assembled Three-Dimensional Graphene Macrostructures: Synthesis and Applications in Supercapacitors
journal, May 2015


A Technical, Economic, and Environmental Assessment of Amine-Based CO 2 Capture Technology for Power Plant Greenhouse Gas Control
journal, October 2002

  • Rao, Anand B.; Rubin, Edward S.
  • Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 36, Issue 20
  • DOI: 10.1021/es0158861

Carbon dioxide as building block for the synthesis of organic carbonates
journal, May 2002


Mechanistic and Kinetic Studies of Cobalt Macrocycles in a Photochemical CO2 Reduction System: Evidence of Co-CO2 Adducts as Intermediates
journal, June 1995

  • Ogata, Tomoyuki; Yanagida, Shozo; Brunschwig, Bruce S.
  • Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol. 117, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1021/ja00130a009

Intercalation of mesoporous carbon spheres between reduced graphene oxide sheets for preparing high-rate supercapacitor electrodes
journal, January 2011

  • Lei, Zhibin; Christov, Nikolay; Zhao, X. S.
  • Energy & Environmental Science, Vol. 4, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1039/c1ee01094h

Phase Behavior of Oxygen-Containing Polymers in CO 2
journal, February 2007

  • Kilic, Sevgi; Michalik, Stephen; Wang, Yang
  • Macromolecules, Vol. 40, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1021/ma061422h

KOH-assisted microwave post-treatment of activated carbon for efficient symmetrical double-layer capacitors: Microwave post-treatment of activated carbon for capacitors
journal, October 2016

  • Xu, Yan; Chang, Liang; Hu, Yun Hang
  • International Journal of Energy Research, Vol. 41, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1002/er.3676

Potassium-chemical synthesis of 3D graphene from CO 2 and its excellent performance in HTM-free perovskite solar cells
journal, January 2017

  • Wei, Wei; Hu, Baoyun; Jin, Fangming
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 5, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1039/C7TA01768E

Measurement of the quantum capacitance of graphene
journal, July 2009

  • Xia, Jilin; Chen, Fang; Li, Jinghong
  • Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 4, Issue 8, p. 505-509
  • DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2009.177

A Metal-Free Supercapacitor Electrode Material with a Record High Volumetric Capacitance over 800 F cm −3
journal, November 2015


Effect of Sheet Morphology on the Scalability of Graphene-Based Ultracapacitors
journal, January 2013

  • Luo, Jiayan; Jang, Hee Dong; Huang, Jiaxing
  • ACS Nano, Vol. 7, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1021/nn3052378

An Ideal Electrode Material, 3D Surface-Microporous Graphene for Supercapacitors with Ultrahigh Areal Capacitance
journal, July 2017

  • Chang, Liang; Stacchiola, Dario J.; Hu, Yun Hang
  • ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 9, Issue 29
  • DOI: 10.1021/acsami.7b07381

Efficient Visible Light Photocatalytic CO 2 Reforming of CH 4
journal, December 2015


Activated Carbon Nanochains with Tailored Micro-Meso Pore Structures and Their Application for Supercapacitors
journal, September 2015

  • Zhang, Miao; He, Chunnian; Liu, Enzuo
  • The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 119, Issue 38
  • DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b05480

Room-Temperature Ionic Liquid−Amine Solutions: Tunable Solvents for Efficient and Reversible Capture of CO 2
journal, November 2008

  • Camper, Dean; Bara, Jason E.; Gin, Douglas L.
  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, Vol. 47, Issue 21
  • DOI: 10.1021/ie801002m

3D flower-structured graphene from CO 2 for supercapacitors with ultrahigh areal capacitance at high current density
journal, January 2015

  • Chang, Liang; Wei, Wei; Sun, Kai
  • Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 3, Issue 19
  • DOI: 10.1039/C5TA01055A