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This content will become publicly available on October 31, 2018

Title: Development and validation of quasi-steady-state heat pump water heater model having stratified water tank and wrapped-tank condenser

Heat pump water heater systems (HPWH) introduce new challenges for design and modeling tools, because they require vapor compression system balanced with a water storage tank. In addition, a wrapped-tank condenser coil has strong coupling with a stratified water tank, which leads HPWH simulation to a transient process. To tackle these challenges and deliver an effective, hardware-based HPWH equipment design tool, a quasi-steady-state HPWH model was developed based on the DOE/ORNL Heat Pump Design Model (HPDM). Two new component models were added via this study. One is a one-dimensional stratified water tank model, an improvement to the open-source EnergyPlus water tank model, by introducing a calibration factor to account for bulk mixing effect due to water draws, circulations, etc. The other is a wrapped-tank condenser coil model, using a segment-to-segment modeling approach. In conclusion, the HPWH system model was validated against available experimental data. After that, the model was used for parametric simulations to determine the effects of various design factors.
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  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Building Technologies Research and Integration Center
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
International Journal of Refrigeration
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: International Journal of Refrigeration; Journal ID: ISSN 0140-7007
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Building Technologies Office (EE-5B)
Country of Publication:
United States
42 ENGINEERING; Heat pump water heater; Wrap-tank condenser coil; Modeling; Stratified water tank; Energy factor
OSTI Identifier: