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Title: Uncondensed Graphitic Carbon Nitride on Reduced Graphene Oxide for Oxygen Sensing via a Photoredox Mechanism

Melon, a polymeric, uncondensed graphitic carbon nitride with a two-dimensional structure, has been coupled with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) to create an oxygen chemiresistor sensor that is active under UV photoactivation. Oxygen gas is an important sensor target in a variety of areas including industrial safety, combustion process monitoring, as well as environmental and biomedical fields. Because of the intimate electrical interface formed between melon and rGO, charge transfer of photoexcited electrons occurs between the two materials when under UV (λ = 365 nm) irradiation. A photoredox mechanism wherein oxygen is reduced on the rGO surface provides the basis for sensing oxygen gas in the concentration range 300–100,000 ppm. The sensor response was found to be logarithmically proportional to oxygen gas concentration. DFT calculations of a melon-oxidized graphene composite found that slight protonation of melon leads to charge accumulation on the rGO layer and a corresponding charge depletion on the melon layer. As a result, this work provides an example of a metal-free system for solid–gas interface sensing via a photoredox mechanism.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Univ. of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
  2. National Energy Technology Lab. (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, (United States); Univ. of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
NETL-PUB-21171
Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
Grant/Contract Number:
5UL1TR000005-09
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 32; Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244
Publisher:
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, Morgantown, WV (United States); National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Pittsburgh, PA, Morgantown, WV, and Albany, OR (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 25 ENERGY STORAGE; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 77 NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY; photoactivation; sensors; photoredox mechanism; density functional theory
OSTI Identifier:
1419474
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1477236

Ellis, James E., Sorescu, Dan C., Burkert, Seth C., White, David L., and Star, Alexander. Uncondensed Graphitic Carbon Nitride on Reduced Graphene Oxide for Oxygen Sensing via a Photoredox Mechanism. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b06017.
Ellis, James E., Sorescu, Dan C., Burkert, Seth C., White, David L., & Star, Alexander. Uncondensed Graphitic Carbon Nitride on Reduced Graphene Oxide for Oxygen Sensing via a Photoredox Mechanism. United States. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b06017.
Ellis, James E., Sorescu, Dan C., Burkert, Seth C., White, David L., and Star, Alexander. 2017. "Uncondensed Graphitic Carbon Nitride on Reduced Graphene Oxide for Oxygen Sensing via a Photoredox Mechanism". United States. doi:10.1021/acsami.7b06017. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1419474.
@article{osti_1419474,
title = {Uncondensed Graphitic Carbon Nitride on Reduced Graphene Oxide for Oxygen Sensing via a Photoredox Mechanism},
author = {Ellis, James E. and Sorescu, Dan C. and Burkert, Seth C. and White, David L. and Star, Alexander},
abstractNote = {Melon, a polymeric, uncondensed graphitic carbon nitride with a two-dimensional structure, has been coupled with reduced graphene oxide (rGO) to create an oxygen chemiresistor sensor that is active under UV photoactivation. Oxygen gas is an important sensor target in a variety of areas including industrial safety, combustion process monitoring, as well as environmental and biomedical fields. Because of the intimate electrical interface formed between melon and rGO, charge transfer of photoexcited electrons occurs between the two materials when under UV (λ = 365 nm) irradiation. A photoredox mechanism wherein oxygen is reduced on the rGO surface provides the basis for sensing oxygen gas in the concentration range 300–100,000 ppm. The sensor response was found to be logarithmically proportional to oxygen gas concentration. DFT calculations of a melon-oxidized graphene composite found that slight protonation of melon leads to charge accumulation on the rGO layer and a corresponding charge depletion on the melon layer. As a result, this work provides an example of a metal-free system for solid–gas interface sensing via a photoredox mechanism.},
doi = {10.1021/acsami.7b06017},
journal = {ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces},
number = 32,
volume = 9,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}