skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: 50-GHz-spaced comb of high-dimensional frequency-bin entangled photons from an on-chip silicon nitride microresonator

Abstract

Quantum frequency combs from chip-scale integrated sources are promising candidates for scalable and robust quantum information processing (QIP). However, to use these quantum combs for frequency domain QIP, demonstration of entanglement in the frequency basis, showing that the entangled photons are in a coherent superposition of multiple frequency bins, is required. We present a verification of qubit and qutrit frequency-bin entanglement using an on-chip quantum frequency comb with 40 mode pairs, through a two-photon interference measurement that is based on electro-optic phase modulation. Our demonstrations provide an important contribution in establishing integrated optical microresonators as a source for high-dimensional frequency-bin encoded quantum computing, as well as dense quantum key distribution.

Authors:
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
1417425
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1422582
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-00OR22725
Resource Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Optics Express
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Optics Express Journal Volume: 26 Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1094-4087
Publisher:
Optical Society of America
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Quantum optics; Quantum information and processing; Nonlinear optics; parametric processes

Citation Formats

Imany, Poolad, Jaramillo-Villegas, Jose A., Odele, Ogaga D., Han, Kyunghun, Leaird, Daniel E., Lukens, Joseph M., Lougovski, Pavel, Qi, Minghao, and Weiner, Andrew M.. 50-GHz-spaced comb of high-dimensional frequency-bin entangled photons from an on-chip silicon nitride microresonator. United States: N. p., 2018. Web. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.001825.
Imany, Poolad, Jaramillo-Villegas, Jose A., Odele, Ogaga D., Han, Kyunghun, Leaird, Daniel E., Lukens, Joseph M., Lougovski, Pavel, Qi, Minghao, & Weiner, Andrew M.. 50-GHz-spaced comb of high-dimensional frequency-bin entangled photons from an on-chip silicon nitride microresonator. United States. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.001825
Imany, Poolad, Jaramillo-Villegas, Jose A., Odele, Ogaga D., Han, Kyunghun, Leaird, Daniel E., Lukens, Joseph M., Lougovski, Pavel, Qi, Minghao, and Weiner, Andrew M.. Thu . "50-GHz-spaced comb of high-dimensional frequency-bin entangled photons from an on-chip silicon nitride microresonator". United States. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.001825.
@article{osti_1417425,
title = {50-GHz-spaced comb of high-dimensional frequency-bin entangled photons from an on-chip silicon nitride microresonator},
author = {Imany, Poolad and Jaramillo-Villegas, Jose A. and Odele, Ogaga D. and Han, Kyunghun and Leaird, Daniel E. and Lukens, Joseph M. and Lougovski, Pavel and Qi, Minghao and Weiner, Andrew M.},
abstractNote = {Quantum frequency combs from chip-scale integrated sources are promising candidates for scalable and robust quantum information processing (QIP). However, to use these quantum combs for frequency domain QIP, demonstration of entanglement in the frequency basis, showing that the entangled photons are in a coherent superposition of multiple frequency bins, is required. We present a verification of qubit and qutrit frequency-bin entanglement using an on-chip quantum frequency comb with 40 mode pairs, through a two-photon interference measurement that is based on electro-optic phase modulation. Our demonstrations provide an important contribution in establishing integrated optical microresonators as a source for high-dimensional frequency-bin encoded quantum computing, as well as dense quantum key distribution.},
doi = {10.1364/OE.26.001825},
journal = {Optics Express},
number = 2,
volume = 26,
place = {United States},
year = {2018},
month = {1}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record
https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.001825

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 10 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Bell-Type Test of Energy-Time Entangled Qutrits
journal, July 2004


Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications
journal, January 2006

  • Agarwal, A.; Toliver, P.; Menendez, R.
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 24, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/jlt.2005.861145

Mode-Locked Two-Photon States
journal, October 2003


Implementation of quantum state tomography for time-bin entangled photon pairs
journal, January 2009


High-dimensional quantum key distribution using dispersive optics
journal, June 2013


Measurement of qubits
journal, October 2001


Discrete Tunable Color Entanglement
journal, December 2009


Femtosecond pulse shaping using spatial light modulators
journal, May 2000

  • Weiner, A. M.
  • Review of Scientific Instruments, Vol. 71, Issue 5, p. 1929-1960
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.1150614

Simple Proof of Security of the BB84 Quantum Key Distribution Protocol
journal, July 2000


Quantum communication
journal, March 2007


Quantum computing
journal, February 1998


Realizable higher-dimensional two-particle entanglements via multiport beam splitters
journal, April 1997

  • Z-dotukowski, Marek; Zeilinger, Anton; Horne, Michael A.
  • Physical Review A, Vol. 55, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1103/physreva.55.2564

Generation of multiphoton entangled quantum states by means of integrated frequency combs
journal, March 2016


Photon-efficient quantum key distribution using time–energy entanglement with high-dimensional encoding
journal, February 2015


Shaping frequency-entangled qudits
journal, September 2013


Security proof for quantum key distribution using qudit systems
journal, September 2010


Bell inequality for position and time
journal, May 1989


Clauser-Horne inequality for three-state systems
journal, February 2002


Harnessing high-dimensional hyperentanglement through a biphoton frequency comb
journal, June 2015


A scheme for efficient quantum computation with linear optics
journal, January 2001

  • Knill, E.; Laflamme, R.; Milburn, G. J.
  • Nature, Vol. 409, Issue 6816
  • DOI: 10.1038/35051009

Separability Criterion for Density Matrices
journal, August 1996


Separability of mixed states: necessary and sufficient conditions
journal, November 1996


Demonstration of an all-optical quantum controlled-NOT gate
journal, November 2003

  • O'Brien, J. L.; Pryde, G. J.; White, A. G.
  • Nature, Vol. 426, Issue 6964
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02054

High-Dimensional Single-Photon Quantum Gates: Concepts and Experiments
journal, November 2017


Experimental one-way quantum computing
journal, March 2005


Quantum Metrology
journal, January 2006


Frequency-encoded photonic qubits for scalable quantum information processing
journal, December 2016


High-Q silicon nitride microresonators exhibiting low-power frequency comb initiation
journal, January 2016


Large-Alphabet Quantum Key Distribution Using Energy-Time Entangled Bipartite States
journal, February 2007


Simplifying quantum logic using higher-dimensional Hilbert spaces
journal, December 2008

  • Lanyon, Benjamin P.; Barbieri, Marco; Almeida, Marcelo P.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 5, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys1150

High-quality photonic entanglement for wavelength-multiplexed quantum communication based on a silicon chip
journal, January 2016

  • Mazeas, F.; Traetta, M.; Bentivegna, M.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 24, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1364/oe.24.028731

Silica-on-Silicon Waveguide Quantum Circuits
journal, May 2008


Non-locality of experimental qutrit pairs
journal, October 2014


Persistent energy–time entanglement covering multiple resonances of an on-chip biphoton frequency comb
journal, January 2017


Frequency-bin entangled photons
journal, July 2010


Ultrabroad-bandwidth arbitrary radiofrequency waveform generation with a silicon photonic chip-based spectral shaper
journal, January 2010


Quantifying Photonic High-Dimensional Entanglement
journal, March 2017


Bell Inequalities for Arbitrarily High-Dimensional Systems
journal, January 2002


On-chip generation of high-dimensional entangled quantum states and their coherent control
journal, June 2017

  • Kues, Michael; Reimer, Christian; Roztocki, Piotr
  • Nature, Vol. 546, Issue 7660
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature22986

Beating the channel capacity limit for linear photonic superdense coding
journal, March 2008

  • Barreiro, Julio T.; Wei, Tzu-Chieh; Kwiat, Paul G.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys919

Simple Proof of Security of the BB84 Quantum Key Distribution Protocol
journal, July 2000


Large-Alphabet Quantum Key Distribution Using Energy-Time Entangled Bipartite States
journal, February 2007


Quantum Metrology
journal, January 2006


High-Dimensional Single-Photon Quantum Gates: Concepts and Experiments
journal, November 2017


Security proof for quantum key distribution using qudit systems
journal, September 2010


Discrete Tunable Color Entanglement
journal, December 2009


Mode-Locked Two-Photon States
journal, October 2003


Frequency-bin entangled photons
journal, July 2010


Shaping frequency-entangled qudits
journal, September 2013


High-quality photonic entanglement for wavelength-multiplexed quantum communication based on a silicon chip
journal, January 2016

  • Mazeas, F.; Traetta, M.; Bentivegna, M.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 24, Issue 25
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.24.028731

Persistent energy–time entanglement covering multiple resonances of an on-chip biphoton frequency comb
journal, January 2017


Frequency-encoded photonic qubits for scalable quantum information processing
journal, December 2016


High-dimensional quantum key distribution using dispersive optics
journal, June 2013


Bell inequality for position and time
journal, May 1989


Measurement of qubits
journal, October 2001


Implementation of quantum state tomography for time-bin entangled photon pairs
journal, January 2009


Separability Criterion for Density Matrices
journal, August 1996


Separability of mixed states: necessary and sufficient conditions
journal, November 1996


Bell Inequalities for Arbitrarily High-Dimensional Systems
journal, January 2002


Bell-Type Test of Energy-Time Entangled Qutrits
journal, July 2004


Quantifying Photonic High-Dimensional Entanglement
journal, March 2017


Fully programmable ring-resonator-based integrated photonic circuit for phase coherent applications
journal, January 2006

  • Agarwal, A.; Toliver, P.; Menendez, R.
  • Journal of Lightwave Technology, Vol. 24, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1109/JLT.2005.861145

High-Q silicon nitride microresonators exhibiting low-power frequency comb initiation
journal, January 2016


Realizable higher-dimensional two-particle entanglements via multiport beam splitters
journal, April 1997

  • Z-dotukowski, Marek; Zeilinger, Anton; Horne, Michael A.
  • Physical Review A, Vol. 55, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.55.2564

Clauser-Horne inequality for three-state systems
journal, February 2002


    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Quantum frequency combs and Hong–Ou–Mandel interferometry: the role of spectral phase coherence
    journal, January 2019

    • Lingaraju, Navin B.; Lu, Hsuan-Hao; Seshadri, Suparna
    • Optics Express, Vol. 27, Issue 26
    • DOI: 10.1364/oe.379749

    Quantum optical microcombs
    journal, February 2019


    Polarization diversity phase modulator for measuring frequency-bin entanglement of a biphoton frequency comb in a depolarized channel
    journal, January 2019

    • Sandoval, Oscar E.; Lingaraju, Navin B.; Imany, Poolad
    • Optics Letters, Vol. 44, Issue 7
    • DOI: 10.1364/ol.44.001674

    Chip-integrated visible–telecom entangled photon pair source for quantum communication
    journal, January 2019


    Quantum Phase Estimation with Time‐Frequency Qudits in a Single Photon
    journal, October 2019

    • Lu, Hsuan‐Hao; Hu, Zixuan; Alshaykh, Mohammed Saleh
    • Advanced Quantum Technologies, Vol. 3, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/qute.201900074

    Generating frequency-bin qubits via spontaneous four-wave mixing in a photonic molecule
    journal, October 2019


    High‐Dimensional Quantum Communication: Benefits, Progress, and Future Challenges
    journal, October 2019

    • Cozzolino, Daniele; Da Lio, Beatrice; Bacco, Davide
    • Advanced Quantum Technologies, Vol. 2, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1002/qute.201900038

    Generation and symmetry control of quantum frequency combs
    journal, January 2020


    High-dimensional optical quantum logic in large operational spaces
    journal, July 2019

    • Imany, Poolad; Jaramillo-Villegas, Jose A.; Alshaykh, Mohammed S.
    • npj Quantum Information, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/s41534-019-0173-8

    Three-Photon Discrete-Energy-Entangled W State in an Optical Fiber
    journal, August 2019


    Roadmap on transformation optics
    journal, May 2018


    Quantum interference and correlation control of frequency-bin qubits
    journal, January 2018


    High-rate photon pairs and sequential Time-Bin entanglement with Si 3 N 4 microring resonators
    journal, January 2019

    • Samara, Farid; Martin, Anthony; Autebert, Claire
    • Optics Express, Vol. 27, Issue 14
    • DOI: 10.1364/oe.27.019309

    Frequency-domain Hong–Ou–Mandel interference with linear optics
    journal, January 2018

    • Imany, Poolad; Odele, Ogaga D.; Alshaykh, Mohammed S.
    • Optics Letters, Vol. 43, Issue 12
    • DOI: 10.1364/ol.43.002760

    A controlled-NOT gate for frequency-bin qubits
    journal, March 2019

    • Lu, Hsuan-Hao; Lukens, Joseph M.; Williams, Brian P.
    • npj Quantum Information, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/s41534-019-0137-z