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Title: Tetraquark operators in lattice QCD and exotic flavour states in the charm sector

Abstract

We present a general class of operators resembling compact tetraquarks which have a range of colour-flavour-spin structures, transform irreducibly under the symmetries of the lattice and respect other relevant symmetries. These constructions are demonstrated in lattice QCD calculations with light quarks corresponding to m π = 391 MeV. Using the distillation framework, correlation functions involving large bases of meson-meson and tetraquark operators are computed in the isospin-1 hidden-charm and doubly-charmed sectors, and finite-volume spectra are extracted with the variational method. We find the spectra are insensitive to the addition of tetraquark operators to the bases of meson-meson operators. For the first time, through using diverse bases of meson-meson operators, the multiple energy levels associated with meson-meson levels which would be degenerate in the non-interacting limit are extracted reliably. The number of energy levels in each spectrum is found to be equal to the number of expected non-interacting meson-meson levels in the energy region considered and the majority of energies lie close to the non-interacting levels. Furthermore, there is no strong indication for any bound state or narrow resonance in the channels we study.

Authors:
 [1]; ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [3]
  1. Univ. of Cambridge, Cambridge (United Kingdom)
  2. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States); College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (United States)
  3. Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF); Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (TJNAF), Newport News, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Contributing Org.:
for the Hadron Spectrum collaboration
OSTI Identifier:
1416530
Report Number(s):
JLAB-THY-17-2541; DOE/OR/23177-4205; arXiv:1709.01417
Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479; PII: 7009; TRN: US1800952
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC05-06OR23177; SC0006765
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Journal of High Energy Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 2017; Journal Issue: 11; Journal ID: ISSN 1029-8479
Publisher:
Springer Berlin
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
72 PHYSICS OF ELEMENTARY PARTICLES AND FIELDS; Lattice field theory simulation; QCD Phenomenology

Citation Formats

Cheung, Gavin K. C., Thomas, Christopher E., Dudek, Jozef J., and Edwards, Robert G. Tetraquark operators in lattice QCD and exotic flavour states in the charm sector. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1007/JHEP11(2017)033.
Cheung, Gavin K. C., Thomas, Christopher E., Dudek, Jozef J., & Edwards, Robert G. Tetraquark operators in lattice QCD and exotic flavour states in the charm sector. United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP11(2017)033.
Cheung, Gavin K. C., Thomas, Christopher E., Dudek, Jozef J., and Edwards, Robert G. Wed . "Tetraquark operators in lattice QCD and exotic flavour states in the charm sector". United States. doi:10.1007/JHEP11(2017)033. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1416530.
@article{osti_1416530,
title = {Tetraquark operators in lattice QCD and exotic flavour states in the charm sector},
author = {Cheung, Gavin K. C. and Thomas, Christopher E. and Dudek, Jozef J. and Edwards, Robert G.},
abstractNote = {We present a general class of operators resembling compact tetraquarks which have a range of colour-flavour-spin structures, transform irreducibly under the symmetries of the lattice and respect other relevant symmetries. These constructions are demonstrated in lattice QCD calculations with light quarks corresponding to mπ = 391 MeV. Using the distillation framework, correlation functions involving large bases of meson-meson and tetraquark operators are computed in the isospin-1 hidden-charm and doubly-charmed sectors, and finite-volume spectra are extracted with the variational method. We find the spectra are insensitive to the addition of tetraquark operators to the bases of meson-meson operators. For the first time, through using diverse bases of meson-meson operators, the multiple energy levels associated with meson-meson levels which would be degenerate in the non-interacting limit are extracted reliably. The number of energy levels in each spectrum is found to be equal to the number of expected non-interacting meson-meson levels in the energy region considered and the majority of energies lie close to the non-interacting levels. Furthermore, there is no strong indication for any bound state or narrow resonance in the channels we study.},
doi = {10.1007/JHEP11(2017)033},
journal = {Journal of High Energy Physics (Online)},
number = 11,
volume = 2017,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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Charmed tetraquarks <mml:math altimg="si1.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd" xmlns:sa="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-aff/dtd"><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>T</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>c</mml:mi><mml:mi>c</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub></mml:math> and <mml:math altimg="si2.gif" overflow="scroll" xmlns:xocs="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/xocs/dtd" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xmlns="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:ja="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/ja/dtd" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:tb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/table/dtd" xmlns:sb="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-bib/dtd" xmlns:ce="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/dtd" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:cals="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/cals/dtd" xmlns:sa="http://www.elsevier.com/xml/common/struct-aff/dtd"><mml:msub><mml:mrow><mml:mi>T</mml:mi></mml:mrow><mml:mrow><mml:mi>c</mml:mi><mml:mi>s</mml:mi></mml:mrow></mml:msub></mml:math> from dynamical lattice QCD simulations
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