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Title: Performance assessment of a photonic radiative cooling system for office buildings

Recent advances in materials have demonstrated the ability to maintain radiator surfaces at below-ambient temperatures in the presence of intense, direct sunlight. Daytime radiative cooling is promising for building applications. Here, this paper estimates the energy savings from daytime radiative cooling, specifically based on photonic materials. A photonic radiative cooling system was proposed and modeled using the whole energy simulation program EnergyPlus. A typical medium-sized office building was used for the simulation analysis. Several reference systems were established to quantify the potential of energy savings from the photonic radiative cooling system. The reference systems include a variable-air-volume (VAV) system, a hydronic radiant system, and a nighttime radiative cooling system. The savings analysis was made for a number of locations with different climates. Simulation results showed that the photonic radiative cooling system saved between 45% and 68% cooling electricity relative to the VAV system and between 9% and 23% relative to the nighttime radiative cooling system featured with the best coating commercially available on market. Finally, a simple economic analysis was also made to estimate the maximum acceptable incremental cost for upgrading from nighttime cooling to photonic radiative cooling.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2]
  1. University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, NC (United States)
  2. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Renewable Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 118; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0960-1481
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; 29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; Radiative cooling; Radiant cooling; Energy simulation; Photonic material; Building performance
OSTI Identifier:
1413501

Wang, Weimin, Fernandez, Nick, Katipamula, Srinivas, and Alvine, Kyle. Performance assessment of a photonic radiative cooling system for office buildings. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2017.10.062.
Wang, Weimin, Fernandez, Nick, Katipamula, Srinivas, & Alvine, Kyle. Performance assessment of a photonic radiative cooling system for office buildings. United States. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2017.10.062.
Wang, Weimin, Fernandez, Nick, Katipamula, Srinivas, and Alvine, Kyle. 2017. "Performance assessment of a photonic radiative cooling system for office buildings". United States. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2017.10.062. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1413501.
@article{osti_1413501,
title = {Performance assessment of a photonic radiative cooling system for office buildings},
author = {Wang, Weimin and Fernandez, Nick and Katipamula, Srinivas and Alvine, Kyle},
abstractNote = {Recent advances in materials have demonstrated the ability to maintain radiator surfaces at below-ambient temperatures in the presence of intense, direct sunlight. Daytime radiative cooling is promising for building applications. Here, this paper estimates the energy savings from daytime radiative cooling, specifically based on photonic materials. A photonic radiative cooling system was proposed and modeled using the whole energy simulation program EnergyPlus. A typical medium-sized office building was used for the simulation analysis. Several reference systems were established to quantify the potential of energy savings from the photonic radiative cooling system. The reference systems include a variable-air-volume (VAV) system, a hydronic radiant system, and a nighttime radiative cooling system. The savings analysis was made for a number of locations with different climates. Simulation results showed that the photonic radiative cooling system saved between 45% and 68% cooling electricity relative to the VAV system and between 9% and 23% relative to the nighttime radiative cooling system featured with the best coating commercially available on market. Finally, a simple economic analysis was also made to estimate the maximum acceptable incremental cost for upgrading from nighttime cooling to photonic radiative cooling.},
doi = {10.1016/j.renene.2017.10.062},
journal = {Renewable Energy},
number = C,
volume = 118,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}