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Title: Materials for the Recovery of Uranium from Seawater

Abstract

More than 1000× uranium exists in the oceans than exists in terrestrial ores. With nuclear power generation expected to increase over the coming decades, access to this unconventional reserve is a matter of energy security. With origins in the mid-1950’s, materials have been developed for the selective recovery of seawater uranium for more than six decades, with a renewed interest in particular since 2010. This review comprehensively surveys materials developed from 2000 – 2016 for recovery of seawater uranium, in particular including recent developments in inorganic materials, polymer adsorbents and related research pertaining to amidoxime, and nanostructured materials such as metal-organic frameworks, porous-organic polymers, and mesoporous carbons. In conclusion, challenges of performing reliable and reproducible uranium adsorption studies are also discussed, as well as the standardization of parameters necessary to ensure valid comparisons between different adsorbents.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Fuel Cycle Technologies (NE-5)
OSTI Identifier:
1412046
Grant/Contract Number:  
[AC05-00OR22725]
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Chemical Reviews
Additional Journal Information:
[ Journal Volume: 117; Journal Issue: 23]; Journal ID: ISSN 0009-2665
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY

Citation Formats

Abney, Carter W., Mayes, Richard T., Saito, Tomonori, and Dai, Sheng. Materials for the Recovery of Uranium from Seawater. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00355.
Abney, Carter W., Mayes, Richard T., Saito, Tomonori, & Dai, Sheng. Materials for the Recovery of Uranium from Seawater. United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00355.
Abney, Carter W., Mayes, Richard T., Saito, Tomonori, and Dai, Sheng. Wed . "Materials for the Recovery of Uranium from Seawater". United States. doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00355. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1412046.
@article{osti_1412046,
title = {Materials for the Recovery of Uranium from Seawater},
author = {Abney, Carter W. and Mayes, Richard T. and Saito, Tomonori and Dai, Sheng},
abstractNote = {More than 1000× uranium exists in the oceans than exists in terrestrial ores. With nuclear power generation expected to increase over the coming decades, access to this unconventional reserve is a matter of energy security. With origins in the mid-1950’s, materials have been developed for the selective recovery of seawater uranium for more than six decades, with a renewed interest in particular since 2010. This review comprehensively surveys materials developed from 2000 – 2016 for recovery of seawater uranium, in particular including recent developments in inorganic materials, polymer adsorbents and related research pertaining to amidoxime, and nanostructured materials such as metal-organic frameworks, porous-organic polymers, and mesoporous carbons. In conclusion, challenges of performing reliable and reproducible uranium adsorption studies are also discussed, as well as the standardization of parameters necessary to ensure valid comparisons between different adsorbents.},
doi = {10.1021/acs.chemrev.7b00355},
journal = {Chemical Reviews},
number = [23],
volume = [117],
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {11}
}

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