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This content will become publicly available on October 6, 2018

Title: Thermal activation parameters of plastic flow reveal deformation mechanisms in the CrMnFeCoNi high-entropy alloy

To reveal the operating mechanisms of plastic deformation in an FCC high-entropy alloy, the activation volumes in CrMnFeCoNi have been measured as a function of plastic strain and temperature between 77 K and 423 K using repeated load relaxation experiments. At the yield stress, σ y, the activation volume varies from ~60 b3 at 77 K to ~360 b 3 at 293 K and scales inversely with yield stress. With increasing plastic strain, the activation volume decreases and the trends follow the Cottrell-Stokes law, according to which the inverse activation volume should increase linearly with σ - σ y (Haasen plot). This is consistent with the notion that hardening due to an increase in the density of forest dislocations is naturally associated with a decrease in the activation volume because the spacing between dislocations decreases. The values and trends in activation volume agree with theoretical predictions that treat the HEA as a high-concentration solid-solution-strengthened alloy. Lastly, these results demonstrate that this HEA deforms by the mechanisms typical of solute strengthening in FCC alloys, and thus indicate that the high compositional/structural complexity does not introduce any new intrinsic deformation mechanisms.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ; ORCiD logo [5]
  1. Ruhr-Univ., Bochum (Germany)
  2. Univ. of Poitiers, Futuroscope Cedex (France)
  3. Aix-Marseille Univ., Marseille (France)
  4. EPRL, Lausanne (Switzerland)
  5. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Acta Materialia
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 143; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 1359-6454
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; High-entropy alloys; CoCrFeMnNi plastic deformation mechanisms; Stress relaxation; Dislocations; Activation volume
OSTI Identifier:
1409262