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Title: Proteomic and Mutant Analysis of the CO 2 Concentrating Mechanism of Hydrothermal Vent Chemolithoautotroph Thiomicrospira crunogena

Many autotrophic microorganisms are likely to adapt to scarcity in dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC; CO 2+ HCO 3 -+ CO 3 2-) with CO 2 concentrating mechanisms (CCM) that actively transport DIC across the cell membrane to facilitate carbon fixation. Surprisingly, DIC transport has been well studied among cyanobacteria and microalgae only. The deep-sea vent gammaproteobacterial chemolithoautotrophThiomicrospira crunogenahas a low-DIC inducible CCM, though the mechanism for uptake is unclear, as homologs to cyanobacterial transporters are absent. To identify the components of this CCM, proteomes ofT. crunogenacultivated under low- and high-DIC conditions were compared. Fourteen proteins, including those comprising carboxysomes, were at least 4-fold more abundant under low-DIC conditions. One of these proteins was encoded byTcr_0854; strains carrying mutated copies of this gene, as well as the adjacent Tcr_0853, required elevated DIC for growth. Strains carrying mutated copies of Tcr_0853 and Tcr_0854 overexpressed carboxysomes and had diminished ability to accumulate intracellular DIC. Based on reverse transcription (RT)-PCR, Tcr_0853 and Tcr_0854 were cotranscribed and upregulated under low-DIC conditions. The Tcr_0853 -encoded protein was predicted to have 13 transmembrane helices. Given the mutant phenotypes described above, Tcr_0853 and Tcr_0854 may encode a two-subunit DIC transporter that belongs to a previously undescribed transporter family,more » though it is widespread among autotrophs from multiple phyla.DIC uptake and fixation by autotrophs are the primary input of inorganic carbon into the biosphere. The mechanism for dissolved inorganic carbon uptake has been characterized only for cyanobacteria despite the importance of DIC uptake by autotrophic microorganisms from many phyla among theBacteriaandArchaea. In this work, proteins necessary for dissolved inorganic carbon utilization in the deep-sea vent chemolithoautotrophT. crunogenawere identified, and two of these may be able to form a novel transporter. Homologs of these proteins are present in 14 phyla inBacteriaand also in one phylum ofArchaea, theEuryarchaeota. Many organisms carrying these homologs are autotrophs, suggesting a role in facilitating dissolved inorganic carbon uptake and fixation well beyond the genusThiomicrospira.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States). Dept. of Integrative Biology
  2. Univ. of South Florida, Tampa, FL (United States). Dept. of Cell Biology, Microbiology, and Molecular Biology
  3. Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Pomona, NJ (United States). Biology Program
  4. Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Genome Science and Technology ; Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Computer Science and Mathematics Division
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; NSF-MCB-0643713; NSF-IOS-1257532
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Bacteriology
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 199; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 0021-9193
American Society for Microbiology
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Contributing Orgs:
Country of Publication:
United States
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; 60 APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES; autotroph; bicarbonate transporter; carbon concentrating mechanism; carbon fixation; chemolithoautotroph; hydrothermal vent
OSTI Identifier: