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Title: Synthesis and characterization of surrogate nuclear explosion debris: urban glass matrix

Surrogate nuclear explosive debris was synthesized and characterized for major, minor, and trace elemental composition as well as uranium isotopics. The samples consisted of an urban glass matrix, equal masses soda lime and cement, doped with 500 ppm uranium with varying enrichments. The surface and cross section morphology were measured with SEM, and the major elemental composition was determined by XPS. LA-ICP-MS was used to measure the uranium isotopic abundance comparing different sampling techniques. Furthermore, the results provide an example of the utility of LA-ICP-MS for forensics applications.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Univ. of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-22766
Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 314; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 0236-5731
Publisher:
Springer
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) Program
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
38 RADIATION CHEMISTRY, RADIOCHEMISTRY, AND NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY; surrogate nuclear explosive debris; uranium; urban matrix; isotope ratio; fallout
OSTI Identifier:
1398921

Campbell, Keri, Judge, Elizabeth J., Dirmyer, Matthew R., Kelly, Dan, and Czerwinski, Ken. Synthesis and characterization of surrogate nuclear explosion debris: urban glass matrix. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5367-y.
Campbell, Keri, Judge, Elizabeth J., Dirmyer, Matthew R., Kelly, Dan, & Czerwinski, Ken. Synthesis and characterization of surrogate nuclear explosion debris: urban glass matrix. United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5367-y.
Campbell, Keri, Judge, Elizabeth J., Dirmyer, Matthew R., Kelly, Dan, and Czerwinski, Ken. 2017. "Synthesis and characterization of surrogate nuclear explosion debris: urban glass matrix". United States. doi:10.1007/s10967-017-5367-y. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1398921.
@article{osti_1398921,
title = {Synthesis and characterization of surrogate nuclear explosion debris: urban glass matrix},
author = {Campbell, Keri and Judge, Elizabeth J. and Dirmyer, Matthew R. and Kelly, Dan and Czerwinski, Ken},
abstractNote = {Surrogate nuclear explosive debris was synthesized and characterized for major, minor, and trace elemental composition as well as uranium isotopics. The samples consisted of an urban glass matrix, equal masses soda lime and cement, doped with 500 ppm uranium with varying enrichments. The surface and cross section morphology were measured with SEM, and the major elemental composition was determined by XPS. LA-ICP-MS was used to measure the uranium isotopic abundance comparing different sampling techniques. Furthermore, the results provide an example of the utility of LA-ICP-MS for forensics applications.},
doi = {10.1007/s10967-017-5367-y},
journal = {Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry},
number = 1,
volume = 314,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {7}
}