skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Laser-Induced Linear-Field Particle Acceleration in Free Space

Abstract

Linear-field particle acceleration in free space (which is distinct from geometries like the linac that requires components in the vicinity of the particle) has been studied for over 20 years, and its ability to eventually produce high-quality, high energy multi-particle bunches has remained a subject of great interest. Arguments can certainly be made that linear-field particle acceleration in free space is very doubtful given that first-order electron-photon interactions are forbidden in free space. Nevertheless, we chose to develop an accurate and truly predictive theoretical formalism to explore this remote possibility when intense, few-cycle electromagnetic pulses are used in a computational experiment. The formalism includes exact treatment of Maxwell’s equations and exact treatment of the interaction among the multiple individual particles at near and far field. Several surprising results emerge. We find that electrons interacting with intense laser pulses in free space are capable of gaining substantial amounts of energy that scale linearly with the feld amplitude. For example, 30keV electrons (2.5% energy spread) are accelerated to 61MeV (0.5% spread) and to 205MeV (0.25% spread) using 250 mJ and 2.5J lasers respectively. Furthermore, these findings carry important implications for our understanding of ultrafast electron-photon interactions in strong fields.

Authors:
 [1];  [2];  [3]; ORCiD logo [4];  [5];  [2];  [2];  [6];  [7]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Singapore Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Innovis (Singapore)
  2. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  3. SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)
  4. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  5. Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb, IL (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
  6. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Hamburg Center for Ultrafast Imaging, Hamburg (Germany); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany)
  7. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States); Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa (Israel)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
OSTI Identifier:
1398387
Report Number(s):
arXiv:1611.05697; FERMILAB-PUB-17-425-APC
Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322; 1498611
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-07CH11359
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Scientific Reports
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 7; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2045-2322
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS

Citation Formats

Wong, Liang Jie, Hong, Kyung -Han, Carbajo, Sergio, Fallahi, Arya, Piot, Philippe, Soljacic, Marin, Joannopoulos, John D., Kartner, Franz X., and Kaminer, Ido. Laser-Induced Linear-Field Particle Acceleration in Free Space. United States: N. p., 2017. Web. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-11547-9.
Wong, Liang Jie, Hong, Kyung -Han, Carbajo, Sergio, Fallahi, Arya, Piot, Philippe, Soljacic, Marin, Joannopoulos, John D., Kartner, Franz X., & Kaminer, Ido. Laser-Induced Linear-Field Particle Acceleration in Free Space. United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-11547-9.
Wong, Liang Jie, Hong, Kyung -Han, Carbajo, Sergio, Fallahi, Arya, Piot, Philippe, Soljacic, Marin, Joannopoulos, John D., Kartner, Franz X., and Kaminer, Ido. Mon . "Laser-Induced Linear-Field Particle Acceleration in Free Space". United States. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-11547-9. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1398387.
@article{osti_1398387,
title = {Laser-Induced Linear-Field Particle Acceleration in Free Space},
author = {Wong, Liang Jie and Hong, Kyung -Han and Carbajo, Sergio and Fallahi, Arya and Piot, Philippe and Soljacic, Marin and Joannopoulos, John D. and Kartner, Franz X. and Kaminer, Ido},
abstractNote = {Linear-field particle acceleration in free space (which is distinct from geometries like the linac that requires components in the vicinity of the particle) has been studied for over 20 years, and its ability to eventually produce high-quality, high energy multi-particle bunches has remained a subject of great interest. Arguments can certainly be made that linear-field particle acceleration in free space is very doubtful given that first-order electron-photon interactions are forbidden in free space. Nevertheless, we chose to develop an accurate and truly predictive theoretical formalism to explore this remote possibility when intense, few-cycle electromagnetic pulses are used in a computational experiment. The formalism includes exact treatment of Maxwell’s equations and exact treatment of the interaction among the multiple individual particles at near and far field. Several surprising results emerge. We find that electrons interacting with intense laser pulses in free space are capable of gaining substantial amounts of energy that scale linearly with the feld amplitude. For example, 30keV electrons (2.5% energy spread) are accelerated to 61MeV (0.5% spread) and to 205MeV (0.25% spread) using 250 mJ and 2.5J lasers respectively. Furthermore, these findings carry important implications for our understanding of ultrafast electron-photon interactions in strong fields.},
doi = {10.1038/s41598-017-11547-9},
journal = {Scientific Reports},
number = 1,
volume = 7,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 6 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share:

Works referenced in this record:

Visible-Laser Acceleration of Relativistic Electrons in a Semi-Infinite Vacuum
journal, September 2005


High conversion efficiency, high energy terahertz pulses by optical rectification in cryogenically cooled lithium niobate
journal, January 2013

  • Huang, Shu-Wei; Granados, Eduardo; Huang, Wenqian Ronny
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 5
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.38.000796

Fifteen terawatt picosecond CO_2 laser system
journal, January 2010

  • Haberberger, D.; Tochitsky, S.; Joshi, C.
  • Optics Express, Vol. 18, Issue 17
  • DOI: 10.1364/OE.18.017865

Optics in the relativistic regime
journal, April 2006

  • Mourou, Gerard A.; Tajima, Toshiki; Bulanov, Sergei V.
  • Reviews of Modern Physics, Vol. 78, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1103/RevModPhys.78.309

Generation and characterization of the highest laser intensities (1022 W/cm2)
journal, January 2004

  • Bahk, S.-W.; Rousseau, P.; Planchon, T. A.
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 29, Issue 24, p. 2837-2839
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.29.002837

Field Emission Tip as a Nanometer Source of Free Electron Femtosecond Pulses
journal, February 2006


Laser-Based Acceleration of Nonrelativistic Electrons at a Dielectric Structure
journal, September 2013


A laser–plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams
journal, September 2004


Temporal lenses for attosecond and femtosecond electron pulses
journal, June 2009

  • Hilbert, S. A.; Uiterwaal, C.; Barwick, B.
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, Issue 26
  • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0904912106

Electron acceleration driven by ultrashort and nonparaxial radially polarized laser pulses
journal, January 2012

  • Marceau, Vincent; April, Alexandre; Piché, Michel
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 37, Issue 13
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.37.002442

High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator
journal, September 2014

  • Duris, J.; Musumeci, P.; Babzien, M.
  • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5928

Intense ultrashort terahertz pulses: generation and applications
journal, February 2011


PASER: particle acceleration by stimulated emission of radiation
journal, September 1995


Subluminous phase velocity of a focused laser beam and vacuum laser acceleration
journal, December 2002


Laser Acceleration of Relativistic Electrons Using the Inverse Cherenkov Effect
journal, January 1995


Electron acceleration to GeV energy by a radially polarized laser
journal, August 2007


Tip-based source of femtosecond electron pulses at 30 keV
journal, March 2014

  • Hoffrogge, Johannes; Paul Stein, Jan; Krüger, Michael
  • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 115, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.4867185

Laser Electron Accelerator
journal, July 1979


Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators
journal, June 2008

  • Malka, Victor; Faure, Jérôme; Gauduel, Yann A.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys966

Dielectric laser accelerators
journal, December 2014


Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser–plasma interactions
journal, September 2004

  • Mangles, S. P. D.; Murphy, C. D.; Najmudin, Z.
  • Nature, Vol. 431, Issue 7008
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02939

Electron vacuum acceleration by a tightly focused laser pulse
journal, January 2008

  • Popov, K. I.; Bychenkov, V. Yu.; Rozmus, W.
  • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, Issue 1
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2830651

Relativistic electron beams driven by kHz single-cycle light pulses
journal, April 2017


High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics
journal, July 2011


How to Realize Uniform Three-Dimensional Ellipsoidal Electron Bunches
journal, August 2004


Laser electron acceleration in vacuum
journal, February 1995


Vacuum laser acceleration
journal, February 1996


4π Focusing of TM_01 beams
under nonparaxial conditions
journal, January 2010


The future is fibre accelerators
journal, March 2013


Experimental Observation of Electrons Accelerated in Vacuum to Relativistic Energies by a High-Intensity Laser
journal, April 1997


Lasers and Accelerators
journal, June 1979


First Staging of Two Laser Accelerators
journal, April 2001


Terahertz polarization pulse shaping with arbitrary field control
journal, August 2013


Quantum coherent optical phase modulation in an ultrafast transmission electron microscope
journal, May 2015

  • Feist, Armin; Echternkamp, Katharina E.; Schauss, Jakob
  • Nature, Vol. 521, Issue 7551
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature14463

Vacuum laser acceleration of relativistic electrons using plasma mirror injectors
journal, December 2015

  • Thévenet, M.; Leblanc, A.; Kahaly, S.
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3597

Extremely high-intensity laser interactions with fundamental quantum systems
journal, August 2012


Efficient generation of ultra-intense few-cycle radially polarized laser pulses
journal, January 2014

  • Carbajo, Sergio; Granados, Eduardo; Schimpf, Damian
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 39, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.39.002487

Direct High-Power Laser Acceleration of Ions for Medical Applications
journal, April 2008


Nonlinear ponderomotive scattering of relativistic electrons by an intense laser field at focus
journal, May 1995


Sharper Focus for a Radially Polarized Light Beam
journal, December 2003


Electron acceleration from rest in vacuum by an axicon Gaussian laser beam
journal, April 2006


Laser-driven particle acceleration
journal, August 2009


Relativistic electron dynamics in intense crossed laser beams: Acceleration and Compton harmonics
journal, January 2003


Coherent pulse synthesis: towards sub-cycle optical waveforms: Coherent pulse synthesis: towards sub-cycle optical waveforms
journal, January 2015

  • Manzoni, Cristian; Mücke, Oliver D.; Cirmi, Giovanni
  • Laser & Photonics Reviews, Vol. 9, Issue 2
  • DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400181

Few-Cycle Laser-Driven Electron Acceleration
journal, March 2009


Developments in laser-driven plasma accelerators
journal, September 2013


Tunable high-repetition-rate femtosecond few-hundred keV electron source
journal, January 2015

  • Marceau, Vincent; Hogan-Lamarre, Pascal; Brabec, Thomas
  • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 48, Issue 4
  • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/48/4/045601

Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses
journal, December 1985


Stable generation of GeV-class electron beams from self-guided laser–plasma channels
journal, August 2008


High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding
journal, September 2004

  • Geddes, C. G. R.; Toth, Cs.; van Tilborg, J.
  • Nature, Vol. 431, Issue 7008
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature02900

Physics of laser-driven plasma-based electron accelerators
journal, August 2009


Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure
journal, November 2013

  • Peralta, E. A.; Soong, K.; England, R. J.
  • Nature, Vol. 503, Issue 7474
  • DOI: 10.1038/nature12664

Structured quantum waves
journal, July 2015

  • Harris, Jérémie; Grillo, Vincenzo; Mafakheri, Erfan
  • Nature Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 8
  • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3404

Validity of the paraxial approximation for electron acceleration with radially polarized laser beams
journal, January 2013

  • Marceau, Vincent; Varin, Charles; Piché, Michel
  • Optics Letters, Vol. 38, Issue 6
  • DOI: 10.1364/OL.38.000821

Direct acceleration of an electron in infinite vacuum by a pulsed radially-polarized laser beam
journal, January 2010


Laser acceleration of electrons in vacuum
journal, November 1995


Electron acceleration from the breaking of relativistic plasma waves
journal, October 1995

  • Modena, A.; Najmudin, Z.; Dangor, A. E.
  • Nature, Vol. 377, Issue 6550
  • DOI: 10.1038/377606a0

Classical Electrodynamics, 3rd ed .
journal, September 1999

  • Jackson, J. D.; Fox, Ronald F.
  • American Journal of Physics, Vol. 67, Issue 9
  • DOI: 10.1119/1.19136

    Works referencing / citing this record:

    Structured quantum waves
    journal, July 2015

    • Harris, Jérémie; Grillo, Vincenzo; Mafakheri, Erfan
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 11, Issue 8
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3404

    Tunable high-repetition-rate femtosecond few-hundred keV electron source
    journal, January 2015

    • Marceau, Vincent; Hogan-Lamarre, Pascal; Brabec, Thomas
    • Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics, Vol. 48, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1088/0953-4075/48/4/045601

    Laser-driven particle acceleration
    journal, August 2009


    Quantum coherent optical phase modulation in an ultrafast transmission electron microscope
    journal, May 2015

    • Feist, Armin; Echternkamp, Katharina E.; Schauss, Jakob
    • Nature, Vol. 521, Issue 7551
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature14463

    Developments in laser-driven plasma accelerators
    journal, September 2013


    Electron vacuum acceleration by a tightly focused laser pulse
    journal, January 2008

    • Popov, K. I.; Bychenkov, V. Yu.; Rozmus, W.
    • Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 15, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.2830651

    Compression of amplified chirped optical pulses
    journal, December 1985


    Stable generation of GeV-class electron beams from self-guided laser–plasma channels
    journal, August 2008


    Laser-Induced Linear-Field Particle Acceleration in Free Space
    text, January 2017

    • Wong, Liang Jie; Hong, Kyung-Han; Carbajo, Sergio
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron, DESY, Hamburg
    • DOI: 10.3204/pubdb-2017-11097

    Principles and applications of compact laser–plasma accelerators
    journal, June 2008

    • Malka, Victor; Faure, Jérôme; Gauduel, Yann A.
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 4, Issue 6
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys966

    High-quality electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator using plasma-channel guiding
    journal, September 2004

    • Geddes, C. G. R.; Toth, Cs.; van Tilborg, J.
    • Nature, Vol. 431, Issue 7008
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature02900

    Temporal lenses for attosecond and femtosecond electron pulses
    journal, June 2009

    • Hilbert, S. A.; Uiterwaal, C.; Barwick, B.
    • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Vol. 106, Issue 26
    • DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0904912106

    Tip-based source of femtosecond electron pulses at 30 keV
    journal, March 2014

    • Hoffrogge, Johannes; Paul Stein, Jan; Krüger, Michael
    • Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 115, Issue 9
    • DOI: 10.1063/1.4867185

    Relativistic electron beams driven by kHz single-cycle light pulses
    journal, April 2017


    Coherent pulse synthesis: towards sub-cycle optical waveforms: Coherent pulse synthesis: towards sub-cycle optical waveforms
    journal, January 2015

    • Manzoni, Cristian; Mücke, Oliver D.; Cirmi, Giovanni
    • Laser & Photonics Reviews, Vol. 9, Issue 2
    • DOI: 10.1002/lpor.201400181

    Demonstration of electron acceleration in a laser-driven dielectric microstructure
    journal, November 2013

    • Peralta, E. A.; Soong, K.; England, R. J.
    • Nature, Vol. 503, Issue 7474
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature12664

    Vacuum laser acceleration of relativistic electrons using plasma mirror injectors
    journal, December 2015

    • Thévenet, M.; Leblanc, A.; Kahaly, S.
    • Nature Physics, Vol. 12, Issue 4
    • DOI: 10.1038/nphys3597

    Terahertz polarization pulse shaping with arbitrary field control
    journal, August 2013


    A laser–plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams
    journal, September 2004


    Intense ultrashort terahertz pulses: generation and applications
    journal, February 2011


    Electron acceleration to GeV energy by a radially polarized laser
    journal, August 2007


    Electron acceleration from the breaking of relativistic plasma waves
    journal, October 1995

    • Modena, A.; Najmudin, Z.; Dangor, A. E.
    • Nature, Vol. 377, Issue 6550
    • DOI: 10.1038/377606a0

    The future is fibre accelerators
    journal, March 2013


    Vacuum laser acceleration
    journal, February 1996


    High-energy pulse synthesis with sub-cycle waveform control for strong-field physics
    journal, July 2011


    Monoenergetic beams of relativistic electrons from intense laser–plasma interactions
    journal, September 2004

    • Mangles, S. P. D.; Murphy, C. D.; Najmudin, Z.
    • Nature, Vol. 431, Issue 7008
    • DOI: 10.1038/nature02939

    High-quality electron beams from a helical inverse free-electron laser accelerator
    journal, September 2014

    • Duris, J.; Musumeci, P.; Babzien, M.
    • Nature Communications, Vol. 5, Issue 1
    • DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5928