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Title: Development of inert density mock materials for HMX

Inert surrogates or mocks for high explosives are commonly used in place of the real material for complex experiments or in situations where safety is a concern. We tested several materials as potential mocks for HMX in terms of density, thermal stability, and processability. Selection criteria were developed and a literature search was conducted primarily using the Cambridge Structural Database. Moreover, out of over 200 potentially acceptable materials, six were chosen for crystallization experiments and a suite of analytical characterization. Of these six, 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine, N,N'-bis(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorophenyl)oxamide, and 2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzamide all were found to be thermally stable at 150°C, matched HMX density as a pressed pellet, and could be crystallized to appropriate particle sizes. These three materials are considered suitable inert density mocks for HMX and will be the subject of future testing.
Authors:
ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [1] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States). High Explosives Science and Technology
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
LA-UR-17-24110
Journal ID: ISSN 0737-0652
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-06NA25396
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Energetic Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 36; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 0737-0652
Publisher:
Taylor & Francis
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL, AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; HMX; mock; explosive; density; thermal
OSTI Identifier:
1396130

Yeager, John D., Higginbotham Duque, Amanda L., Shorty, Marvin, Bowden, Patrick R., and Stull, Jamie A.. Development of inert density mock materials for HMX. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1080/07370652.2017.1375049.
Yeager, John D., Higginbotham Duque, Amanda L., Shorty, Marvin, Bowden, Patrick R., & Stull, Jamie A.. Development of inert density mock materials for HMX. United States. doi:10.1080/07370652.2017.1375049.
Yeager, John D., Higginbotham Duque, Amanda L., Shorty, Marvin, Bowden, Patrick R., and Stull, Jamie A.. 2017. "Development of inert density mock materials for HMX". United States. doi:10.1080/07370652.2017.1375049. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1396130.
@article{osti_1396130,
title = {Development of inert density mock materials for HMX},
author = {Yeager, John D. and Higginbotham Duque, Amanda L. and Shorty, Marvin and Bowden, Patrick R. and Stull, Jamie A.},
abstractNote = {Inert surrogates or mocks for high explosives are commonly used in place of the real material for complex experiments or in situations where safety is a concern. We tested several materials as potential mocks for HMX in terms of density, thermal stability, and processability. Selection criteria were developed and a literature search was conducted primarily using the Cambridge Structural Database. Moreover, out of over 200 potentially acceptable materials, six were chosen for crystallization experiments and a suite of analytical characterization. Of these six, 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine, N,N'-bis(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorophenyl)oxamide, and 2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzamide all were found to be thermally stable at 150°C, matched HMX density as a pressed pellet, and could be crystallized to appropriate particle sizes. These three materials are considered suitable inert density mocks for HMX and will be the subject of future testing.},
doi = {10.1080/07370652.2017.1375049},
journal = {Journal of Energetic Materials},
number = 3,
volume = 36,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {9}
}