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This content will become publicly available on August 24, 2018

Title: 3D printing technologies for electrochemical energy storage

We present that fabrication and assembly of electrodes and electrolytes play an important role in promoting the performance of electrochemical energy storage (EES) devices such as batteries and supercapacitors. Traditional fabrication techniques have limitations in controlling the geometry and architecture of the electrode and solid-state electrolytes, which would otherwise compromise the performance. 3D printing, a disruptive manufacturing technology, has emerged as an innovative approach to fabricating EES devices from nanoscale to macroscale, providing great opportunities to accurately control device geometry (e.g., dimension, porosity, and morphology) and structure with enhanced specific energy and power densities. Moreover, the “additive” manufacturing nature of 3D printing provides excellent controllability of the electrode thickness with much simplified process in a cost effective manner. Additionally, with the unique spatial and temporal material manipulation capability, 3D printing can integrate multiple nano-materials in the same print, and multi-functional EES devices (including functional gradient devices) can be fabricated. Herein, we review recent advances in 3D printing of EES devices. We focus on two major 3D printing technologies including direct writing and inkjet printing. The direct material deposition characteristics of these two processes enable them to print on a variety of flat substrates, even a conformal one, well suiting themmore » to applications such as wearable devices and on-chip integrations. Other potential 3D printing techniques such as freeze nano-printing, stereolithography, fused deposition modeling, binder jetting, laminated object manufacturing, and metal 3D printing are also introduced. The advantages and limitations of each 3D printing technology are extensively discussed. More importantly, we provide a perspective on how to integrate the emerging 3D printing with existing technologies to create structures over multiple length scale from nano to macro for EES applications.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States). Department of Industrial Engineering
  2. University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, NY (United States). Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855; PII: S221128551730513X
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nano Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 40; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 2211-2855
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; 42 ENGINEERING; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 3D printing; Electrochemical energy storage; Inkjet printing; Direct ink writing; Nano printing
OSTI Identifier: