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Title: Ubiquitous Low-Cost Functionalized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Sensors for Distributed Methane Leak Detection

This paper presents a highly sensitive, energy efficient and low-cost distributed methane (CH 4) sensor system (DMSS) for continuous monitoring, detection, and localization of CH 4 leaks in natural gas infrastructure, such as transmission and distribution pipelines, wells, and production pads. The CH 4 sensing element, a key component of the DMSS, consists of a metal oxide nanocrystal (MONC) functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) mesh which, in comparison to existing literature, shows stronger relative resistance change while interacting with lower parts per million (ppm) concentration of CH 4. A Gaussian plume triangulation algorithm has been developed for the DMSS. Given a geometric model of the surrounding environment the algorithm can precisely detect and localize a CH 4 leak as well as estimate its mass emission rate. A UV-based surface recovery technique making the sensor recover 10 times faster than the reported ones is presented for the DMSS. In conclusion, a control algorithm based on the UV-accelerated recovery is developed which facilitates faster leak detection.
ORCiD logo [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Las Vegas, NV (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; AC02-05CH11231
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Sensors Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 1530-437X
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); University of Illinois, Chicago; Aclima, Inc.
Country of Publication:
United States
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; Carbon Nanotube; Chemoresistor; Methane
OSTI Identifier:
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1456962