skip to main content
DOE PAGES title logo U.S. Department of Energy
Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Title: Ubiquitous Low-Cost Functionalized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Sensors for Distributed Methane Leak Detection

Abstract

This paper presents a highly sensitive, energy efficient and low-cost distributed methane (CH4) sensor system (DMSS) for continuous monitoring, detection, and localization of CH4 leaks in natural gas infrastructure, such as transmission and distribution pipelines, wells, and production pads. The CH4 sensing element, a key component of the DMSS, consists of a metal oxide nanocrystal (MONC) functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) mesh which, in comparison to existing literature, shows stronger relative resistance change while interacting with lower parts per million (ppm) concentration of CH4. A Gaussian plume triangulation algorithm has been developed for the DMSS. Given a geometric model of the surrounding environment the algorithm can precisely detect and localize a CH4 leak as well as estimate its mass emission rate. A UV-based surface recovery technique making the sensor recover 10 times faster than the reported ones is presented for the DMSS. In conclusion, a control algorithm based on the UV-accelerated recovery is developed which facilitates faster leak detection.

Authors:
ORCiD logo [1];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [1]
  1. Univ. of Illinois, Chicago, IL (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Lemont, IL (United States)
  3. Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
  4. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Las Vegas, NV (United States)
Publication Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. (LBNL), Berkeley, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); University of Illinois, Chicago; Aclima, Inc.
OSTI Identifier:
1393950
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1456962
Grant/Contract Number:  
AC02-06CH11357; AC02-05CH11231
Resource Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
IEEE Sensors Journal
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 1530-437X
Publisher:
IEEE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
47 OTHER INSTRUMENTATION; 97 MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTING; Carbon Nanotube; Chemoresistor; Methane

Citation Formats

Humayun, Md Tanim, Divan, Ralu, Stan, Liliana, Rosenmann, Daniel, Gosztola, David, Gundel, Lara, Solomon, Paul A., and Paprotny, Igor. Ubiquitous Low-Cost Functionalized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Sensors for Distributed Methane Leak Detection. United States: N. p., 2016. Web. doi:10.1109/JSEN.2016.2581832.
Humayun, Md Tanim, Divan, Ralu, Stan, Liliana, Rosenmann, Daniel, Gosztola, David, Gundel, Lara, Solomon, Paul A., & Paprotny, Igor. Ubiquitous Low-Cost Functionalized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Sensors for Distributed Methane Leak Detection. United States. doi:10.1109/JSEN.2016.2581832.
Humayun, Md Tanim, Divan, Ralu, Stan, Liliana, Rosenmann, Daniel, Gosztola, David, Gundel, Lara, Solomon, Paul A., and Paprotny, Igor. Thu . "Ubiquitous Low-Cost Functionalized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Sensors for Distributed Methane Leak Detection". United States. doi:10.1109/JSEN.2016.2581832. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1393950.
@article{osti_1393950,
title = {Ubiquitous Low-Cost Functionalized Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Sensors for Distributed Methane Leak Detection},
author = {Humayun, Md Tanim and Divan, Ralu and Stan, Liliana and Rosenmann, Daniel and Gosztola, David and Gundel, Lara and Solomon, Paul A. and Paprotny, Igor},
abstractNote = {This paper presents a highly sensitive, energy efficient and low-cost distributed methane (CH4) sensor system (DMSS) for continuous monitoring, detection, and localization of CH4 leaks in natural gas infrastructure, such as transmission and distribution pipelines, wells, and production pads. The CH4 sensing element, a key component of the DMSS, consists of a metal oxide nanocrystal (MONC) functionalized multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) mesh which, in comparison to existing literature, shows stronger relative resistance change while interacting with lower parts per million (ppm) concentration of CH4. A Gaussian plume triangulation algorithm has been developed for the DMSS. Given a geometric model of the surrounding environment the algorithm can precisely detect and localize a CH4 leak as well as estimate its mass emission rate. A UV-based surface recovery technique making the sensor recover 10 times faster than the reported ones is presented for the DMSS. In conclusion, a control algorithm based on the UV-accelerated recovery is developed which facilitates faster leak detection.},
doi = {10.1109/JSEN.2016.2581832},
journal = {IEEE Sensors Journal},
number = 24,
volume = 16,
place = {United States},
year = {2016},
month = {6}
}

Journal Article:
Free Publicly Available Full Text
Publisher's Version of Record

Citation Metrics:
Cited by: 6 works
Citation information provided by
Web of Science

Save / Share: