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Title: Review of the harvesting and extraction program within the National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts

Energy-efficient and scalable harvesting and lipid extraction processes must be developed in order for the algal biofuels and bioproducts industry to thrive. The major challenge for harvesting is the handling of large volumes of cultivation water to concentrate low amounts of biomass. For lipid extraction, the major energy and cost drivers are associated with disrupting the algae cell wall and drying the biomass before solvent extraction of the lipids. Here we review the research and development conducted by the Harvesting and Extraction Team during the 3-year National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts (NAABB) algal consortium project. The harvesting and extraction team investigated five harvesting and three wet extraction technologies at lab bench scale for effectiveness, and conducted a techoeconomic study to evaluate their costs and energy efficiency compared to available baseline technologies. Based on this study, three harvesting technologies were selected for further study at larger scale. We evaluated the selected harvesting technologies: electrocoagulation, membrane filtration, and ultrasonic harvesting, in a field study at minimum scale of 100 L/h. None of the extraction technologies were determined to be ready for scale-up; therefore, an emerging extraction technology (wet solvent extraction) was selected from industry to provide scale-up data and capabilitiesmore » to produce lipid and lipid-extracted materials for the NAABB program. One specialized extraction/adsorption technology was developed that showed promise for recovering high value co-products from lipid extracts. Overall, the NAABB Harvesting and Extraction Team improved the readiness level of several innovative, energy efficient technologies to integrate with algae production processes and captured valuable lessons learned about scale-up challenges.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [5] ;  [2] ;  [4] ;  [6] ;  [3] ;  [6] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ; ORCiD logo [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  3. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  4. Clarkson Univ., Potsdam, NY (United States)
  5. New Mexico State Univ., Las Cruces, NM (United States)
  6. Valicor Inc., Dexter, MI (United States)
  7. Univ. of Arizona, Tucson, AZ (United States)
  8. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL) and New Mexico Consortium, Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  9. Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830; EE0003046
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Algal Research
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 33; Journal ID: ISSN 2211-9264
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Bioenergy Technologies Office (EE-3B)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; NAABB; Harvesting; Extraction; Electrolytic; Ultrasound; Membranes
OSTI Identifier:
1390572

Marrone, Babetta L., Lacey, Ronald E., Anderson, Daniel B., Bonner, James, Coons, Jim, Dale, Taraka, Downes, Cara Meghan, Fernando, Sandun, Fuller, Christopher, Goodall, Brian, Holladay, Johnathan E., Kadam, Kiran, Kalb, Daniel, Liu, Wei, Mott, John B., Nikolov, Zivko, Ogden, Kimberly L., Sayre, Richard T., Trewyn, Brian G., and Olivares, José A.. Review of the harvesting and extraction program within the National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2017.07.015.
Marrone, Babetta L., Lacey, Ronald E., Anderson, Daniel B., Bonner, James, Coons, Jim, Dale, Taraka, Downes, Cara Meghan, Fernando, Sandun, Fuller, Christopher, Goodall, Brian, Holladay, Johnathan E., Kadam, Kiran, Kalb, Daniel, Liu, Wei, Mott, John B., Nikolov, Zivko, Ogden, Kimberly L., Sayre, Richard T., Trewyn, Brian G., & Olivares, José A.. Review of the harvesting and extraction program within the National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts. United States. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2017.07.015.
Marrone, Babetta L., Lacey, Ronald E., Anderson, Daniel B., Bonner, James, Coons, Jim, Dale, Taraka, Downes, Cara Meghan, Fernando, Sandun, Fuller, Christopher, Goodall, Brian, Holladay, Johnathan E., Kadam, Kiran, Kalb, Daniel, Liu, Wei, Mott, John B., Nikolov, Zivko, Ogden, Kimberly L., Sayre, Richard T., Trewyn, Brian G., and Olivares, José A.. 2017. "Review of the harvesting and extraction program within the National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts". United States. doi:10.1016/j.algal.2017.07.015. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1390572.
@article{osti_1390572,
title = {Review of the harvesting and extraction program within the National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts},
author = {Marrone, Babetta L. and Lacey, Ronald E. and Anderson, Daniel B. and Bonner, James and Coons, Jim and Dale, Taraka and Downes, Cara Meghan and Fernando, Sandun and Fuller, Christopher and Goodall, Brian and Holladay, Johnathan E. and Kadam, Kiran and Kalb, Daniel and Liu, Wei and Mott, John B. and Nikolov, Zivko and Ogden, Kimberly L. and Sayre, Richard T. and Trewyn, Brian G. and Olivares, José A.},
abstractNote = {Energy-efficient and scalable harvesting and lipid extraction processes must be developed in order for the algal biofuels and bioproducts industry to thrive. The major challenge for harvesting is the handling of large volumes of cultivation water to concentrate low amounts of biomass. For lipid extraction, the major energy and cost drivers are associated with disrupting the algae cell wall and drying the biomass before solvent extraction of the lipids. Here we review the research and development conducted by the Harvesting and Extraction Team during the 3-year National Alliance for Advanced Biofuels and Bioproducts (NAABB) algal consortium project. The harvesting and extraction team investigated five harvesting and three wet extraction technologies at lab bench scale for effectiveness, and conducted a techoeconomic study to evaluate their costs and energy efficiency compared to available baseline technologies. Based on this study, three harvesting technologies were selected for further study at larger scale. We evaluated the selected harvesting technologies: electrocoagulation, membrane filtration, and ultrasonic harvesting, in a field study at minimum scale of 100 L/h. None of the extraction technologies were determined to be ready for scale-up; therefore, an emerging extraction technology (wet solvent extraction) was selected from industry to provide scale-up data and capabilities to produce lipid and lipid-extracted materials for the NAABB program. One specialized extraction/adsorption technology was developed that showed promise for recovering high value co-products from lipid extracts. Overall, the NAABB Harvesting and Extraction Team improved the readiness level of several innovative, energy efficient technologies to integrate with algae production processes and captured valuable lessons learned about scale-up challenges.},
doi = {10.1016/j.algal.2017.07.015},
journal = {Algal Research},
number = ,
volume = 33,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {8}
}