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Title: Effect of Carbon and Binder on High Sulfur Loading Electrode for Li-S Battery Technology

For the Lithium-Sulfur (Li-S) battery to be competitive in commercialization, it is requested that the sulfur electrode must have deliverable areal capacity > 8 mAh cm -2, which corresponds to a sulfur loading > 6 mg cm -2. At this relatively high sulfur loading, we evaluated the impact of binder and carbon type on the mechanical integrity and the electrochemical properties of sulfur electrodes. We identified hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) as a new binder for the sulfur electrode because it offers better adhesion between the electrode and the aluminum current collector than the commonly used polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) binder. In combination with the binder study, multiple types of carbon with high specific surface area were evaluated as sulfur hosts for high loading sulfur electrodes. A commercial microporous carbon derived from wood with high pore volume showed the best performance. An electrode with sulfur loading up to 10 mg cm -2 was achieved with the optimized recipe. Based on systematic electrochemical studies, the soluble polysulfide to insoluble Li 2S 2/Li 2S conversion was identified to be the major barrier for high loading sulfur electrodes to achieve high sulfur utilization.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  2. Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
  3. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Stony Brook Univ., NY (United States)
Publication Date:
Report Number(s):
BNL-114122-2017-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4686; R&D Project: 20927
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0012704
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Electrochimica Acta
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 235; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0013-4686
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22); USDOE Office of Science (SC), Workforce Development for Teachers and Scientists (WDTS) (SC-27)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
25 ENERGY STORAGE
OSTI Identifier:
1389217
Alternate Identifier(s):
OSTI ID: 1416800

Sun, Ke, Cama, Christina A., Huang, Jian, Zhang, Qing, Hwang, Sooyeon, Su, Dong, Marschilok, Amy C., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Takeuchi, Esther S., and Gan, Hong. Effect of Carbon and Binder on High Sulfur Loading Electrode for Li-S Battery Technology. United States: N. p., Web. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2017.03.023.
Sun, Ke, Cama, Christina A., Huang, Jian, Zhang, Qing, Hwang, Sooyeon, Su, Dong, Marschilok, Amy C., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Takeuchi, Esther S., & Gan, Hong. Effect of Carbon and Binder on High Sulfur Loading Electrode for Li-S Battery Technology. United States. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2017.03.023.
Sun, Ke, Cama, Christina A., Huang, Jian, Zhang, Qing, Hwang, Sooyeon, Su, Dong, Marschilok, Amy C., Takeuchi, Kenneth J., Takeuchi, Esther S., and Gan, Hong. 2017. "Effect of Carbon and Binder on High Sulfur Loading Electrode for Li-S Battery Technology". United States. doi:10.1016/j.electacta.2017.03.023. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/1389217.
@article{osti_1389217,
title = {Effect of Carbon and Binder on High Sulfur Loading Electrode for Li-S Battery Technology},
author = {Sun, Ke and Cama, Christina A. and Huang, Jian and Zhang, Qing and Hwang, Sooyeon and Su, Dong and Marschilok, Amy C. and Takeuchi, Kenneth J. and Takeuchi, Esther S. and Gan, Hong},
abstractNote = {For the Lithium-Sulfur (Li-S) battery to be competitive in commercialization, it is requested that the sulfur electrode must have deliverable areal capacity > 8 mAh cm-2, which corresponds to a sulfur loading > 6 mg cm-2. At this relatively high sulfur loading, we evaluated the impact of binder and carbon type on the mechanical integrity and the electrochemical properties of sulfur electrodes. We identified hydroxypropyl cellulose (HPC) as a new binder for the sulfur electrode because it offers better adhesion between the electrode and the aluminum current collector than the commonly used polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) binder. In combination with the binder study, multiple types of carbon with high specific surface area were evaluated as sulfur hosts for high loading sulfur electrodes. A commercial microporous carbon derived from wood with high pore volume showed the best performance. An electrode with sulfur loading up to 10 mg cm-2 was achieved with the optimized recipe. Based on systematic electrochemical studies, the soluble polysulfide to insoluble Li2S2/Li2S conversion was identified to be the major barrier for high loading sulfur electrodes to achieve high sulfur utilization.},
doi = {10.1016/j.electacta.2017.03.023},
journal = {Electrochimica Acta},
number = C,
volume = 235,
place = {United States},
year = {2017},
month = {3}
}